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Newsletter December 2020

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Volume 53, December 2020  Newsletter Editor: Dr G.B. Havenstein,  

 

wpsj editor vacancy 300x218      

 

The World's Poultry Science Journal is looking for a new Editor

 

2020 wpc

2020 wpc

 

World's Poultry Congres 2021

8-12 August 2021, Paris, France

 

 

Registration for WPC2021

Registration for WPC2021 is open. Click here for details.

 

Executive Committee

Secretary's Report

mulder roel

Board meeting and latest news

The board of WPSA held a virtual meeting early October. Annual reports from the president, secretary, treasurer, federation presidents and the Journal editor were discussed. The latest news about the World’s Poultry Congress in 2021 in Paris, France, was presented. The preparations are continuing, the programme is almost finalised and depending on the worldwide COVID-19 situation the congress will be held from 8-12 August 2021.
Several committees (International Poultry Hall of Fame, Paul Siegel Research Award, Education Award, Cliff D. Carpenter International Essay Award) finalised their work for WPC2021, the results will be kept confidential.

More information on WPC2021: www.wpcparis2021.com.

The financial situation of WPSA is in good shape, total number of members is 8165, with 76 national branches. We thank our sponsors and advertisers for their generous support.
As branches have been suffering from the COVID-19 pandemic, the board will give as much as possible support to them. Branches are invited to contact the secretariat with proposals.

Starting 2020 the World’s Poultry Science Journal is hosted and produced by Taylor & Francis Publishers. The transition from the previous publisher was well underway, than the COVID-19 pandemic came and caused an unprecedented disruption to the global distribution network. Restrictions in international freight carriage and slow operating or even closed postal services caused considerable delays. The print and distribution of the journal was resumed mid-May. The March, June and September issue have been mailed, the December issue is ready.

During the board meeting Dr Lucy Waldron announced her resignation as editor of the WPS Journal. Dr Waldron has been active in this position for almost 13 years and the board thanked her for her commitment and service to the association. A search for a new editor will start soon. On this moment Dr Julie Roberts, Australia, is our acting interim editor and together with the help of the members of the editorial board and of Taylor & Francis the next issues will be produced.

For more communication news can also be found on the WPSA website and our Facebook page (https://www.facebook.com/wpsa.world/). A special calendar for  webinars from associations and our supporting sponsors and advertisers has been added on the website. New activities can be sent to

Dr Roel Mulder, General Secretary

Treasurer's Report

bradley francine new

I write this short report from my ‘biosecure nest.’ It is with relief that I report that while some members of the WPSA flock have experienced COVID-19 in their families, all are fully recovered or recovering. I would like to think that the biosecurity practices we have taught in the poultry industry, have made us excellent students and early adopters of COVID-19 prevention and treatment practices.

Your WPSA Executive Committee has continued to work at home. Our travel wings remain clipped and we are doing our best to keep in communication with Branches and individual members. I am delighted to report that the Secretary of the Bolivia Branch, Fernando Peña Torrez, has initiated a programme to increase WPSA’s visibility and service-to-members in Latin and South America. Details on his programme will be described in upcoming newsletters.

May you and your family end 2020 in safety, and start the New Year in good health and with the hope of effective COVID-19 vaccinations for all who need them.Dr Francine Bradley, Treasurer

26th World's Poultry Congress

Palais de Congrès, August 8-12, 2021, Paris, France

REMINDER: THERE IS ONLY TILL DECEMBER 31, 2020 TO SUBMIT A NEW ABSTRACT AND TO ENJOY THE BENEFIT OF REGISTRATION AT THE REGULAR WPC2020 PRICE for WPC2021!

20WPC blocmarque blocdatesThe organising committee is actively working to welcome the WPSA community to Paris. We are working on all options to insure a large group of participants for the meeting. The sanitary crisis will not prevent us from holding the event in Paris, 8 to 12 August 2021, https://wpcparis2021.com/

Please look at the preliminary programme with the updated list of invited speakers Synopsis – world poultry congress | 2021 | PARIS (wpcparis2021.com). All authors who submitted abstracts in 2019 and were asked to modify their texts will receive a final answer within a few days.

The submission site remains open for new abstracts, until 31 December 2020. Do not miss this chance to present your recent work.

Registrations that were already made for WPC2020 are valid for WPC2021. The same regular fee holds for new registrations until 31 December 2020. WPC2021 will give all members of WPSA the opportunity to join together to celebrate the 100 years that World Poultry Congresses have been held, since the first WPC was organised in 1921.

wpc2021 100

Let's celebrate! 

 

Christophe Bostvironnois, President French Branch
Michael Duclos, Secretary, French Branch
Michèle Tixier Boichard, WPC2020, Chair of WPC2021

Poultry Educational Resources

In her role as one of the Vice Presidents of the WPSA, Julie Roberts from the Australian Branch has compiled a list of Poultry Educational Resources which are available free of charge via the internet. Some of the web sites listed also have resources for sale. However, the focus of this list is resources which are free and therefore available to all members.

The list is posted on the WPSA website, and will always be a ‘work in progress’ as some resources become available and added, or others, if they are out of date or no longer available, will be removed from the internet list.

If members are aware of other resources that are available that could be added to the list, please contact Mrs Dorien Velner at the main office by email: with the title of the resource, how to access it and a short description.

All entries will be checked on a regular basis to make sure that they continue to be available, however if you find any irregularities, please contact us at

 

European Federation

The next European Poultry Conference will be held in Valencia, Spain in 2022.

The European Federation has numerous conferences planned between now and on into 2022. A list of most of our upcoming conferences may be found on the WPSA Calendar at www.wpsa.com
News from several European Federation Working Groups are provided below.

WPSA European Working Group News

WG2

2021 espn

In order to avoid overlapping with the WPC that has been changed to August 8 - 12, 2021, the European Symposium on Poultry Nutrition (ESPN) has been moved from 2021 to take place at the same planned venue, Palacongressi in Rimini, from 5 to 8 September, 2022. Our Branch would like to thank VET International and Palacongressi of Rimini for their cooperation and understanding during this time. Despite this difficult situation, we also much appreciate sponsors and partners who are confirming their support for our event. Of course, we will work hard during the coming months to ensure the postponed edition of the 23rd ESPN is a success. The city of Rimini is an ideal place for the European Symposium on Poultry Nutrition and the modern as well as eco-friendly Venue is the perfect stage for the event. Many attendees including both poultry research scientists and practitioners, leading speakers from across the world joining together to explore the past, share the present and will help forge the future of poultry meat science. Additional details are available at the Symposia website: https://www.espn2022.eu/

WG3

Breeding and Genetics

The 12th symposium on Breeding and Genetics is being planned. It will take place in Hannover, 8-10 November 2022, and will be hosted by the German Branch. We would be pleased if you save this date and plan your participation. Further information will follow in due course.

Steffen Weigend, Chairman of the European Federations Working Group 3

WG4

Quality of Eggs and Egg Products

Due to the postponement of the World’s Poultry Congress caused by the Covid-19 pandemic, the WG4 meeting has been re-scheduled to take place during WPC2021 in August 2021, in Paris. Members who want to suggest topics to be discussed are more than welcome and can send their suggestions to the Chairpersons (; ).

WG5

Poultry Meat Quality

2021 Eggmeat logo EMQ

As for all European Symposia, the next 'XXV European Symposium on the Quality of Poultry Meat' conjointly held with the 'XIX European Symposium on the Quality of Eggs and Egg Products' have been postponed to June 8 to 10, 2022, thanks to the cooperation with the Polish Branch. The venue will be the same in Kraków, Poland, and the conference website is already available. The next WG5 member meeting will be held during World's Poultry Congress 2021 in Paris.

Massimiliano Petracci, Secretary Italian Branch of WPSA

WG6

Incubation and Fertility Research Group (IFRG)

Due to the spread of the Covid-19 virus, which has created lots of uncertainty for traveling, WG6 (IFRG) has postponed its 2020 meeting and has rescheduled it for October 14-15, 2021 at the Holiday Inn in Leiden, The Netherlands. For more information see the website.

Ampai Nangsuay, Secretary WG6

WG10

Turkeys

The 11th 'Hafez' International Symposium on Turkey Production will be held in Berlin, Germany; May/June 2021. I hope to see you in Berlin.

Prof. Dr. Dr. H. M. Hafez, Institute of Poultry Diseases, Free University Berlin, Chair WG10


Asia Pacific Federation

WPSA Asian-Pacific Working Group News

A/P WG3

Ratites

There will be Ratite Research Sessions during the upcoming World Poultry Congress in Paris, France from 8-12 August 2021. Please send any suggestions for contributions and topics to .

Researchers involved in research on any Ratites (ostriches, emus, rheas, cassowaries or kiwis) are asked to contact the Ratite Group. Please send an email to .

Anel Engelbrecht, Chair

 

7th Mediterranean Poulty Summit

2021 7mpsDue to the current health situation and the uncertainty generated by the covid-19, the organizing Committees of the 7th Mediterranean Poultry Summit have decided to postpone again the event until October 6-8, 2021.

This difficult and sad decision is taken after a first postponement. At that time, we thought that the 6-month period contemplated for carrying out the MPS was enough time for the health situation to be controlled throughout the world. However, the world situation and the restrictions on capacity indoors suggest that a new postponement is the best option.

I hope the situation changes in one year and we can meet again face to face.

Thank you for your patience and support.

Warmest regards,

Carlos Garcés Narro

Details for the conference are shown on the website summit’s website: www.mpn-wpsa.org.

 

World's Poultry Science Journal

From 2020 the World’s Poultry Science Journal will be published by Taylor & Francis. If you have requested an online subscription as part of your membership, you have received an email from Taylor & Francis with instructions how to access WPSJ online from the new website www.tandfonline.com/TWPS. Please ensure that you add '@tandfonline.com' to your safe senders list to ensure these types of emails are not sent to your spam folder or blocked by your service provider. Should you have any questions about your online access please contact ”.

Upcoming articles

Articles in upcoming Journal(s)

  • E. Baéza - Characteristics of processed poultry products
  • R.A. Swick - Dietary calcium and meat and bone meal as potential precursors for the onset of necrotic enteritis
  • R. Toroghi - Implementation of high-level biosecurity measures can reduce the baseline antibody titers of Newcastle disease in non-integrated layer flocks in northeast Iran
  • E. Baéza - Use of algae in poultry production: a review
  • H. Lukanov - Domestication changes in Japanese quail (Coturnix japonica): a review
  • S. Elnesr - Nutritional significance of aloe vera (Aloe barbadensis Miller) and its beneficial impact on poultry
  • A. Salamon - Factors affecting the production of double-yolked eggs
  • S.A. Mtshali - A review of adaptive immune responses to Eimeria tenella and Eimeria maxima challenge in chickens
  • I.C.S. Araújo - Thermal manipulations of birds during embryogenesis

Summaries

Characteristics of processed poultry products

E. BAÉZA

Poultry is now the most consumed meat, in terms of volume. A main factor for the continuous increase of poultry production is the huge development of cut pieces and processed products. The nutritional quality of such products is quite variable. For example, the protein and lipid contents of chicken nuggets are between 9.8 and 31.0% and 7.5 and 25.0%, respectively. Different ingredients, such as vitamin E, thyme or rosemary essential oils can be used during processing to increase the shelf life of products by decreasing oxidation susceptibility and/or limiting microbial contamination. For example, adding 0.2% thyme essential oil caused a 40% decrease in TBARS value (an indicator of lipid peroxidation) in chicken nuggets stored at -20°C for six months and a 41.0% decrease in the number of Staphylococcus aureus in sausages fermented for 28 days. To answer consumer and/or public authorities’ requests, recipes for processed products can be modified to decrease, for example, their fat or salt (sodium chloride) contents. The quality of processed products mainly depends on technological processes, and preservation and cooking conditions. For instance, high cooking temperatures during frying or roasting can induce the formation of undesirable compounds which are harmful for consumers. Finally, poultry meat has high protein content and low lipid and saturated fatty acid levels. Its nutritional characteristics are, therefore, rather favourable for the health of consumers, but for the most processed products (nuggets, cordons bleus, kebabs) the industry has completely modified these characteristics to make food rich in carbohydrates, lipids and salt, which are not desirable.

Nutritional precursors for necrotic enteritis

H.K. ZANU, S.K. KHERAVII, M.R. BEDFORD and R.A. SWICK

Necrotic enteritis (NE) is an enteric disease of poultry caused by Clostridium perfringens (C. perfringens). The incidence of NE has increased in several countries as a result of restrictions on the use of in-feed antibiotics. This disease may be triggered by a combination of coccidiosis and the presence of undigested nutrients in the hindgut providing nutrients and high pH that favour the proliferation of pathogens. Meat and bone meal (MBM) inclusion rates above 4% and higher dietary calcium (Ca) inclusion rates above 1.0 % may potentially favour the overgrowth of enteric pathogens, including C. perfringens. High levels of elastin, collagen and keratin from MBM are refractory to gastric digestion and may act as nutrient substrates for C. perfringens. Such proteins are metabolised by C. perfringens by putrefactive fermentation, producing trimethylamine and ammonia, that affect gut health and increase the pH of digesta. Digesta pH may become elevated by feeding a diet high in Ca, as this nutrient has a high acid-binding capacity. Calcium interacts with phytic acid, forming mineral-phytate complexes that decrease the activity of exogenous dietary phytase. This reduces digestion and increases the influx of nutrients into the hindgut. Similarly, smaller particle sizes (dgw <75 μm) and high solubility of some Ca sources could increase digesta pH and chelation of Ca by phytic acid and decrease nutrient digestibility. Whether the practice of overfeeding Ca in order to ensure this nutrient is not limiting for bone development may be putting the bird at risk of a NE outbreak is not known. This review discusses the potential for dietary MBM to exacerbate NE in broiler chickens. The impact of Ca level and particle size to affect gut pH and phytase efficacy are discussed, with inferences to alter the onset of NE.

Implementation of high-level biosecurity measures can reduce the baseline antibody titres of Newcastle disease in non-integrated layer flocks in northeast Iran

R. TOROGHI, I. SALAMATIAN, M.R. BASSAMI, N. IRANKHAH, A. EMARLOO, A. MAHOUTI and S. GHAVI

Newcastle disease (ND) is an OIE listed viral infection that has spread throughout developed and underdeveloped countries, either as an endemic or epizootic disease. ND has been endemic in several developing countries in non-integrated poultry production systems. Serological baselines of poultry diseases can be established and monitored as a useful and reliable tool to design effective strategies for prevention and control of infectious diseases, yet almost no comprehensive report on serological baseline values is yet available. This review covers the situation of ND in northeast Iran during 2009-2018, and ND serological baselines of layer flocks in Khorasan-e-Razavi Province in Iran are presented for the first time. The mean haemaglutination inhibition (HI) titres for NDV throughout the production cycle of layer flocks in the two periods 2009-2015 and 2016-2018 were around 9.5 Log2 (range 7.9 to 11.4) and 7 Log2 (range 6 to 9.1), respectively. In addition to a 2.5 Log2 decrease in HI antibody titres, a significant decline was seen in the rate of incidence, mortality and clinical manifestations of respiratory diseases, especially ND. Interestingly, layer flocks reached a significant milestone in the adoption of biosecurity practices during the first emergence of highly pathogenic avian influenza in the early months of 2016. It was concluded that increased application of biosecurity in non-integrated poultry production systems of developing countries may take priority over the other control/preventive measures against ND. There is a need for other control and prevention studies to be promoted in developing countries, empowering them to formulate and adopt strategies that move beyond the conventional approaches and aim at international health and trade.

Use of algae in poultry production: a review

E. COUDERT, E. BAÉZA and C. BERRI

Algae represent a large and new source of nutrients with other health benefits as supplements in animal feed formulations. ‘Algae’ is a generic term that groups brown, green, and red types of both macro- and micro-algae. These marine plants may play a key role in the future for poultry production, as they constitute a new and valuable nutrient source, thanks to their nutritional composition and richness in as polyphenols, polysaccharides and fatty and amino acids. Many studies have evaluated the advantages and inconvenience of using micro- and macro-algae in poultry nutrition and their ability to improve animal health and, thus, welfare. This review describes the main nutritional characteristics of algae and the current knowledge on their effects in poultry production, impacts on animal health, growth performance and product quality (eggs and meat). The increase in laying rate and egg weight can reach +4.0 to 8.6 percentage points and +1.3 to 1.5 g, respectively. The increase in body weight of broilers and decrease in feed conversion ratio can vary from 5% to 22% and from 4% to 15%, respectively. According to the literature, a dietary incorporation rate of 2% for microalgae or a range between 1% and 5% for macroalgae is suitable for both laying hens and broiler chickens, even though these ranges greatly depend on the type of algae used and the expected benefits for poultry production.

Domestication changes in Japanese quail (Coturnix japonica)

H. LUKANOV and I. PAVLOVA

Domestic quail (Coturnix japonica domestica) is a domesticated gallinaceous bird that originated in East Asia with ancestor the wild Japanese quail (Coturnix japonica). Subsequently to domestication, quails have undergone a number of morphological, ethological and productive changes that make them quite different from those of their wild ancestors. These reflect greater intraspecific differences than even in the differences between species in the genus Coturnix. Unlike the wild quail, a variety of other plumage colours are seen in the domestic quail, the most popular being variations of golden, tuxedo, extended brown and recessive white. The average live weight of the wild Japanese quail varies within 85-110 g, whereas the domestic quails are about 45% to more than 250% heavier, depending to their productive type. Major differences are visible in the migratory, sexual, nesting and brooding behaviour, and other ethological reactions such as vocalisation, mating calls, aggression and fighting. A number of productive parameters have been affected by domestication. Wild Japanese quails lay about 5-14 eggs per clutch, with 2-3 broods per year. Domestic quails could lay more than 250 eggs per year with average egg weight increase of 20% in egg production to 100% in meat production compared to their ancestors. This review summarises how domestication and human impact affect a number of features, significantly altering the Japanese quail. The aim is to emphasise the changes that occurred during the domestication of Japanese quails, supporting the proposal of using the term ‘domestic quail’. (Coturnix japonica domestica).

Nutritional significance of aloe vera (Aloe barbadensis Miller) and its beneficial impact on poultry

A.A. EBRAHIM, S.S. ELNESR, M.A.A. ABDEL-MAGEED and M.M.M. ALY

The purpose of any supplement in the diet is to take advantage of its beneficial effects on performance, development, health, with the aim of stabilisation of digestion along with improved feed efficiency. Aloe vera is one such supplement. Its use has increased in nutrition and veterinary uses because of its anti-inflammatory, antioxidant, antibacterial, antiviral, antiparasitic and antifungal properties. These activities come from various biologically active constituents, including minerals, vitamins, sugars, enzymes, anthraquinones or phenolic compounds, saponins, amino acids, lignin and sterols. Supplementation with aloe vera in poultry diets improves productive performance, enhances digestion and reduces disease incidence. Research has shown that dietary supplementation of aloe vera (0.1-1.0%) positively increased body weight by 7-25%, and improved immunological indices by 10-50%. Feed treatment with 0.5-1% aloe vera reduced harmful bacteria in the gut by 24% and increased beneficial bacterial populations by 30%. This review includes information on the inclusion of aloe vera in poultry feed, and how it may be useful as a natural supplement without side effects to maximise overall poultry productivity.

Factors affecting the production of double-yolked eggs

A. SALAMON

Double yolked eggs are a rare phenomenon in domestic poultry and game birds, generally ~1-2% of the eggs are double-yolked (DY) over the laying cycle. The production of such eggs is influenced by several factors from which the most important ones include genetics, selection for multiple ovulations, female age, light exposure and nutrition. It is known that higher body weight is the result of selection, and has been correlated to the increase in multiple ovulations. The increased incidence of DY eggs is a consequence of the multiple ovulations, which are more prevalent in the first 10 weeks of laying, when up to 25% of follicles develop as pairs, because the regulation of follicle maturation and ovulation is not fully established. This regulation involves endocrinological and physiological changes, which are mediated by light, and management during rearing and laying is crucial to reduce DY eggs. Restricted feeding (~50% daily feed intake of ad libitum) results in decreased follicle production and multiple ovulations, hence reduces DY egg production. Feed should contain less protein (<16%) to control body weight gain. However, if DY egg production is the goal, birds should be fed ad libitum with high protein (>16%) to achieve higher body weights. Furthermore, applying photostimulation early (6-12 weeks of age for domestic fowl), increasing photoperiod to 13-16 hours of light and light intensity (>80 lux) can help prevent DY.

A review of adaptive immune responses to Eimeria tenella and Eimeria maxima challenge in chickens

S.A. MTSHALI and M.A. ADELEKE

Adaptive immune responses in poultry against the invading parasites are complex, involving both specific and non-specific immunity. Attempts in finding new vaccine candidates for Eimeria parasite infection control are continuing, and any promising candidates that have been discovered so far are only effective against homologous infection. Different genes are involved in coccidiosis protection and take part in Eimeria infections. Expression library immunization (ELI) is a novel method for systematic screening of genomes to identify new vaccine candidates. Some of these antigens have yielded promising results, with rEtIMP-1 and EtIMP1-CD40L reducing oocysts output with 66% and 78% respectively in chickens challenged with Eimeria tenella by inducing immune responses. The significance of cytokines in inducing immunity against the invading parasite cannot be ignored, as they provide support to both innate and adaptive immune responses. Adaptive immune responses and genes expressed in response to E. maxima and E. tenella challenges are important. Possible immunogenic vaccine candidates derived from Eimeria antigens have potential for control, diagnosis and treatment strategies for coccidiosis.

Thermal manipulations of birds during embryogenesis

B.T.A. COSTA, T.S.B. LOPES, M.A. MESQUITA, L.J.C. LARA and I.C.S. ARAÚJO

Broilers are subject to adverse environmental conditions, especially temperature, which decreases performance and increases disease vulnerability. Understanding how the mechanisms involved in thermoregulation of the embryo function is essential for improving production. Studies have shown that thermal manipulation should occur late during embryonic development (14th to 18th day of incubation) and factors, such as hormones, neurotransmitters and cytokines, are involved in programming the thermoregulatory system. Several methodologies have been applied in experimental situations regarding the frequency, intensity and duration of thermal stimuli during the embryonic period. Hatching yield can be improved, despite different handling strategies, however, there are still divergent results regarding the ability of birds to adapt to thermal stimuli. Thermal management can alter vascular development and hormone levels in embryos. In contrast to high temperature thermal manipulation, using lower incubation temperatures can positively influence the quality of newly hatched chicks. In general, positive results were observed for thermal manipulation by cold or heat when embryos were stressed for 2 to 6 h/day. Higher hatchability and performance under normal conditions was observed in experiments using temperatures from 36.4 to 36.7oC. Better performance was seen under heat stress conditions in the final phase (21-35 days) when using temperatures from 39.2 to 39.5oC. Thermal manipulation modulates the expression of heat shock proteins (HSP), which vary with stimulus type (heat/cold), breed, tissue and bird age. Finally, thermal manipulation can be effective in helping birds adapt to the breeding environment; however, it is necessary to refine certain points. The present review found thermal manipulation during embryo development was effective at increasing hatchability and performance of broilers.

Branch News

France

The officers of the branch’s board met by video conference on 25 September 2020. The next meeting will take place in December 2020. See http://wpsa.fr/qui-sommes-nous/conseil-administration

The 2021 general assembly of WPSA-France will take place online 18 March 2021, during a scientific session called ‘WPSA Thursday’ dedicated to the topic ‘Resilience of the poultry production chain following one year of COVID-19’.

The Branch renews its call to all members for their participation in WPC2021 in Paris on 8-12 August 2021, and for the preparation for this event, which will also mark the centenary of WPSAs World Poultry Congresses.

Christophe Bostvironnois, President, and Michel Duclos, secretary WPSA France 

Germany

Due to the ongoing pandemic, we will hold our annual Spring Conference for the German Branch in a digital format on March 19, 2021. Please make a note of this on your calendar.

The XII European Symposium on Poultry Genetics is being planned for Hannover, 08 – 11, 2022. Information will follow.

Inga Tiemann, Secretary, Germany Branch

Italy

2020 fier avicolaThe next annual national meeting will be organized in conjunction with the 2021 edition of FIERAVICOLA which will be held at the Rimini Expo Centre from 4 to 6 May. General information on the International Poultry Exhibition is available on the website: https://www.fieravicola.com/en/.

The Italian Branch will host the 23rd edition of European Symposium on Poultry Nutrition (ESPN) which will be held at the Palacongressi of Rimini (Italy) from 5 to 8 September, 2022. The city of Rimini, is an ideal place for the European Symposium on Poultry Nutrition and the modern as well as eco-friendly Venue is the perfect stage for the event. Many attendees including both poultry research scientists and practitioners, leading speakers from across the world joining together to explore the past, share the present and helping to forge the future of poultry meat science. More details are already available at the Symposia website: https://www.espn2022.eu/.

2022 ESPN logo

Massimiliano Petracci, Secretary, Italian Branch of WPSA

Japan

The 2021 Spring Meeting of the Japan Poultry Science Association (JPSA) will be held in online (web) style. All activities during the meeting, including presentations of original research findings, a general meeting, and the council meeting, will be organised on the web at the end of March. Details will be announced soon on the JPSA web site (https://jpn-psa.jp/). In the meantime, registration for the presentations of original research findings will be started at the beginning of January 2021, and the deadline will be January 26th, 2021. The details for the registration will also be informed via the JPSA web site.

The Journal of Poultry Science (JPS - the official journal of JPSA, IF: 0.880), the official scientific journal published by JPSA, became a member of PubMed Central (PMC), and articles published in the journal can now be accessed through the PubMed search engine. We welcome the contribution of original research articles and reviews to the JPS using the following web site: https://jpn-psa.jp/en/jps-en/. Free access to download the full-published articles in JPS is available on J-Stage (https://www.jstage.jst.go.jp/browse/jpsa), which provides an excellent opportunity for all to access the published articles.

JPSA would like to contribute not only to poultry science in Japan, but all over the world by enhancing activities with members from other countries. Thus, JPSA has a membership category for foreign citizens residing abroad as ‘Special International Member’. The page charges for publishing their papers in the JPS will be set at the regular membership price. JPSA welcomes new members from all over the world. Please visit the JPSA website (http://jpn-psa.jp/?lang=en) for further information.

The COVID-19 pandemic has created a tough situation in the world, but JPSA hopes things will get better soon. Please take good care of yourself!

Naoki Goto, Secretary of WPSA Japan Branch

Russia

Scientific communication with industry: The VNITIP Federal Scientific Centre of the Russian Science Academy in Serguiev Posad, Moscow Region, recognises the importance of scientific communication with the industry and has a programme to encourage this effort. Every year more than 1000 experts from Russia and abroad attend lectures from leading scientists in poultry industry areas, exchange experiences and discuss innovations from local and foreign poultry science efforts in Ptitsegrad. All are welcome to attend the courses in Serguiev Posad.

Tatiana Vasilieva, Secretary

United Kingdom

New Opportunity: The GD Rosen Academic Career Advancement Award

The UK branch is pleased to announce a new Academic Career Advancement Award in memory of Professor Gordon D Rosen. Gordon contributed a highly logical and very descriptive approach to animal nutrition from the 1960s through to just a few years before his death in 2015. A full obituary for him is available in volume 71 of World’s Poultry Science Journal. He was an inspirational person whose curiosity and gently framed yet penetrating questions made him a legend. There is a generation of scientists influenced by his presence – always in the front row – of scientific meetings, and now his wife Vanda would like to encourage other scientists to develop their own inquisitiveness through this new award.

The GD Rosen Academic Career Advancement Award provides £2000 each year to fund an academic adventure. With this aim, the award is open in nature, while particularly encouraging people to become multidisciplinary in their approach to research. The award is open to UK branch members who are within their early career spanning from 2 years to 5 years post PhD viva. Examples of proposals might include a request to attend an academic conference (particularly one outside your core field), support for an educational tour of another country or global region, support to visit another institution to learn a new technique or approach, or support to publish a major research output in a journal requiring publication fees.

Proposal forms and conditions of the GD Rosen Award can be found on the WPSA-UK website.

Deadline for applications: 30th January 2021

 

Volume 54, March/June 2021  Newsletter Editor: Dr G.B. Havenstein,  

 

wpc2022 postponed

 

 

Executive Committee

Secretary's Report

mulder roel

Board meeting and latest news

The worldwide COVID-19 pandemic has caused a disturbance of all our activities, whether these were national branch meetings, international scientific meetings or participation in exhibitions. Also contacts within branches sometimes are difficult. Several branches have organized online meetings, examples are the Indonesia and Sri Lanka branch. The Pakistan branch has formed a women wing of the branch. More on their recent activities is elsewhere in this newsletter.

The board will give as much as possible support to branches in order to keep them prepared for the post COVID-19 era. Proposals are invited by the secretariat.

The board of WPSA held a virtual meeting specially focused on the World’s Poultry Congress 2020, to be held 8-12 August 2021 in Paris, France.

The worldwide COVID-19 situation and the many travel restrictions (travel and issuing visas) are of big concern. With these concerns the organizers expect that the hybrid Congress they planned will not be possible. The World’s Poultry Congress now is postponed to 7-11 August 2022.  More information on WPC2022: www.wpcparis2022.com.

The postponement of WPC has consequences for many other meetings, already planned for 2022. The World Waterfowl Conference, planned for 2022, hosted by the Indonesia branch will now be hold in 2023. Most of the new dates for international meetings, as the Mediterranean Poultry Summit, the Pan African Poultry Conference and the Asia Pacific Poultry Conference (16-18 November) in 2022 as well as dates for many European Federation working group symposia in 2023 are not yet confirmed. Please check the WPSA website calendar.

The World’s Poultry Science Journal hosted and produced by Taylor & Francis Publishers is now almost back on track. The June issue is now being finalised and ready for print.

WPS Journal editor.
Starting 1 June 2021, the WPSA board has appointed Dr Tom Porter, University of Maryland, USA, as the editor of the World’s Poultry Science Journal.

WPSA recently has joined the International Poultry Welfare Alliance (www.poultrywelfare.org). More details about the participation will become available soon.

More communications and other news can be found on the WPSA Facebook page (https://www.facebook.com/wpsa.world/) and website. A special calendar is now reserved for webinars from associations and our supporting sponsors and advertisers. New activities can be sent to .

Dr Roel Mulder, General Secretary

Treasurer's Report

bradley francine new

No wing web stab or eye drop, but I am grateful to state that my arm has been injected twice with the Moderna COVID-19 vaccine. Having said that, I realize that much of the world’s population is still unvaccinated and in lock-down. 

While it may not be possible (or legal) for you to hold a normal/large meeting in your country, you certainly can be doing other projects to support your Branch members. I encourage you to think of ways to keep your members connected to WPSA and to your Branch during the pandemic. There may possibly be information that you would like all of your members to receive in hard copy form. It may be that your university(ies) with poultry programmes have worked out protocols so students can be in the classroom. If so, maybe your Branch can sponsor an event for the students and introduce them to WPSA. Obviously, all these activities require funds. WPSA has its Branch Development Programme available, and there are funds there that the Branch can apply for to improve your programmes.

I encourage Branch officers to visit the WPSA web site (www.wpsa.com) and then go to ‘Support for Branches’ and ‘Branch Development Proposal.’ Information can be found there on how to apply for these funds, and lists of recently funded applications are there for your perusal that you can use as a potential guideline for the development of a proposal for your branch. As I sit here, I am ready to wire funds for approved applications, but I remind you: You must apply in order to have the possibility of receiving Branch Development Funds!

I wish you a safe and healthy spring.

Dr Francine Bradley, Treasurer

26th World's Poultry Congress - rescheduled

Palais de Congrès, August 7-11, 2022, Paris, France

The highest priority of the French Branch of WPSA and the organizing committee of the 26th World’s Poultry Congress is to organize a successful congress, avoiding health hazards and welcoming participants from all continents.

Unfortunately, since the beginning of 2021, we are still facing a major sanitary crisis worldwide, and a lot of uncertainty remained with regard to travel and meeting requirements in the coming months.

Therefore, after consulting the members of the WPSA board, as well as the WPC sponsors, the Organizing Committee decided to postpone the 26th WPC to August 7 to 11, 2022 in Paris. The registrations recorded until now remain valid for the new dates. Awardees of the special programmes will be contacted directly to enquire about their possibilities.

Yet, we will celebrate the centenary of WPC with an on-line event on August 10, 2021 which will be open to all WPSA members.

Furthermore, we are going to value the abstracts received and accepted, by organizing monthly webinars from September 2021 to June 2022, to bridge the centenary of the WPC and the 26th WPC on August 2022. Webinars will be open to registered participants only. A ‘Centenary book’ with all abstracts is also planned with the support of the WPSA board.

In addition to the abstracts received in 2020, we will call for new abstracts in September 2021, in order to set up the final scientific programme for the 26th WPC next year.

We will be so happy to finally meet all of you in Paris in August 2022.

Until then, be safe, and watch our website for coming updates.

20WPC blocmarque blocdates 

wpc2021 100

Let's celebrate! 

 

Christophe Bostvironnois, President French Branch
Michael Duclos, Secretary, French Branch
Michèle Tixier Boichard, WPC2020, Chair of WPC2021

 

Poultry Educational Resources

In her role as one of the Vice Presidents of the WPSA, Julie Roberts from the Australian Branch has compiled a list of Poultry Educational Resources which are available free of charge via the internet. Some of the web sites listed also have resources for sale. However, the focus of this list is resources which are free and therefore available to all members.

The list is posted on the WPSA website, and will always be a ‘work in progress’ as some resources become available and added, or others, if they are out of date or no longer available, will be removed from the internet list.

If members are aware of other resources that are available that could be added to the list, please contact Mrs Dorien Velner at the main office by email: with the title of the resource, how to access it and a short description.

All entries will be checked on a regular basis to make sure that they continue to be available, however if you find any irregularities, please contact us at

 

European Federation

The European Federation has numerous conferences planned between now and on into 2023. A list of most of our upcoming conferences may be found on the WPSA Calendar at www.wpsa.com
News from several European Federation Working Groups are provided below.

WPSA European Working Group News

WG2

Nutrition

In order to avoid overlapping with WPC in 2022, ESPN will take place at the same planned venue, Palacongressi in Rimini, from 21 to 24 June, 2023. Our Branch would like to thank again VET International and Palacongressi of Rimini for their cooperation and understanding during this time. The city of Rimini, is an ideal place for the European Symposium on Poultry Nutrition and the modern as well as eco-friendly Venue is the perfect stage for the event. Many attendees including both poultry research scientists and practitioners, leading speakers from across the world joining together to explore the past, share the present and helping to forge the future of poultry meat science.

WG3

Breeding and Genetics

The European Symposium on Poultry Genetics has been postponed to 8-10 November 2023. It will take place at the Maritim Airport Hotel in Hannover.

WG5

Poultry Meat Quality

As for all European Symposia, the next ‘XXV European Symposium on the Quality of Poultry Meat’ conjointly held with the ‘XIX European Symposium on the Quality of Eggs and Egg Products’ have been postponed to 2023 (new date will be rescheduled asap) thanks to the cooperation with the Polish Branch. The venue will be the same in Kraków, Poland and website is already available. The next WG5 member meeting will be held during the World's Poultry Congress 2022 in Paris.

Massimiliano Petracci, Secretary Italian Branch of WPSA

WG6

Incubation and Fertility Research Group (IFRG)

Due to the current situation and uncertainties, especially for international travelling, the 2021 meeting will be held in virtual format.

The Incubation and Fertility Research Group (IFRG) invites you for the upcoming IFRG E-meeting, which will be held on the 14th and 15th of October, 2021. For each day we will have a meeting during 13:00h to 15:30h Central European Time (UTC +2).

The IFRG meeting provides an ideal platform for researchers and industry people to meet and share the latest research findings, new indeas and information. Although the pandemic situation prevents us to achieve the full benefit of a physical meeting, we hope to sustain the goals of the group with the E-meeting. Due to the limited time of the meeting, the focus of the meeting wil be relating to Fertility, Embryonic development, Egg incuation, Epigenetics and Chick quality.

We as organizing committee are exited to welcome you to join our first IFRG E-meeting!

For more information see the website.

Ampai Nangsuay, Secretary WG6


Asia Pacific Federation

WPSA Asian-Pacific Working Group News

A/P WG1

Small Scale Family Poultry Farming

A new team is being formed for the Asian/Pacific Federation’s WG1 that is centred around Small Scale Family Poultry Farming.

Backyard poultry are an essential component of African and Asian Pacific countries. Small Scale Family Poultry Farming is an important working group of the Asian Pacific Federation of the WPSA. In future, SSFPF will reorganise its team at the Asia Pacific Federation level. In line with this, it has been decided that the working group-1 ‘Small Scale Family Poultry Farming’ will aim to organise a National Chicken Conference every two years. Therefore, as a new group leader, I invite all relevant researchers and WPSA members to participate in this most important working group which can play a vital role in the vulnerable rural economy.

Dr Nasir Mukhtar, Chair, APF WG1

For Correspondence: Dr Nasir Mukhtar Group Leader of WG1 ‘Small Scale Family Poultry Farming’
(Department of Poultry Sciences, PMAS-Arid Agriculture University Rawalpindi-Pakistan)
WhatsApp/Mob: +92 (0) 3007200074 Email:

A/P WG3

Ratites (ostriches, emus, rheas, cassowaries or kiwis)

A Ratite Research Session had been planned for the World Poultry Congress that had been scheduled in Paris, France from 8-12 August 2021. Since the WPC has now been re-scheduled for Paris on August 7 – 11, 2022, that Ratite Session will also be re-scheduled. Please send any suggestions for contributions and/or topics to 

Researchers involved in research on any Ratites (ostriches, emus, rheas, cassowaries or kiwis) are asked to contact the Ratite Group. Please send an email to .

Anel Engelbrecht, Chair

 

World's Poultry Science Journal

Tom E. Porter appointed as new Editor of the World’s Poultry Science Journal

porter tom 100 133Starting 1 June 2021, the WPSA Board has appointed Dr Tom Porter, University of Maryland, USA, as the editor of the World’s Poultry Science Journal.

Dr Tom Porter received his PhD in Animal Physiology from the University of Minnesota in 1988. He conducted research as a Postdoctoral Fellow in the Department of Anatomy & Cell Biology at the Medical University of South Carolina. In 1993, he joined the Department of Poultry Science at Texas A&M University as an Assistant Professor, and in 1997, he was recruited to the Department of Animal and Avian Sciences at the University of Maryland, where he was subsequently promoted to Associate Professor and Professor. He served two terms as Chair of the Department of Animal and Avian Sciences at the University of Maryland. Dr Porter served for six years as Editor-in-Chief of the journal Poultry Science, and he was named Fellow of the Poultry Science Association in 2016.

Dr Porter’s research interests centre on molecular and cellular endocrinology in poultry. Early in his career, he demonstrated that the production of steroid hormones in the ovaries of birds requires three different cell types, a situation which is different from that in mammals. One major focus of his research over the past 28 years has been on the mechanisms controlling cellular differentiation within the anterior pituitary gland during chick embryonic development. The overall goal of this research is to improve growth characteristics in broiler chickens through an increased understanding of the regulation of the bird’s own growth hormone production. A second major focus in Dr Porter’s laboratory has included genome-wide analysis of gene expression in the neuroendocrine system. The long-term goal of this research is to increase our understanding of global patterns of gene expression in the hypothalamus and pituitary gland and to identify the genes and gene networks controlling growth rate, body composition and feed intake in broiler chickens. Dr Porter is the author of 107 refereed scientific papers, 23 book chapters or reviews, and 155 abstracts. His publications have been cited more than 3,200 times.

The WPSA Board want to thank Prof Julie Roberts for stepping in as Interim Editor for the past months.

Upcoming articles

Articles in upcoming Journal(s)

  • R.M.G. Hamilton - Relationship Between Egg Shell Breakage and Laying Hen Housing Systems – An overview
  • F. Kleyn - Future demands of the poultry industry: Will we meet our commitments sustainably in developed and developing economies?
  • R.A. Alhotan - Commercial poultry feed formulation: current status, challenges, and future expectations
  • K. Honda - Peripheral regulation of food intake in chickens -adiposity signals, satiety signals, and others
  • D. Narinç - Chick quality: An overview of measurement techniques and influencing factors
  • R.Z. Abbas - Probiotics as Therapeutic, Antioxidant and Immunomodulatory Agents against Poultry Coccidiosis
  • F. Khajalib - Flavonoid antioxidants in the chicken meat production: Potential application and future trends
  • C.O. de Oliveiraa - Olive pomace for the feeding of commercial poultry: effects on performance, meat and eggs quality, haematological parameters, microbiota and immunity.
  • U. Kaka - Effect of feeding fermented and non-fermented palm kernel cake on the performance of broiler chickens: A review
  • R. Prabakaran - Wealth from poultry waste: an overview
  • J. Kozák - Goose production and goose products
  • P.K. Das - Role of backyard poultry in South-East Asian countries: post COVID 19 perspective
  • S. Haunshi - Kadaknath: A popular native chicken breed of India with unique black colour characteristics

Summaries

Relationship between egg shell breakage and laying hen housing systems – An overview

R.M.G. HAMILTON and W.L. BRYDEN

Egg shell breakage is and remains a source of economic loss to the egg producer. In general, about 3% of the eggs laid by hens housed in battery cages or in free-run systems have cracked shells. This number increases about another 1% for hens kept in enriched cages or housed free-range and a further 1 to 2 % for those in aviaries. The range of cracked shells reported was from 2 to 12%, but there were few published reports for most production systems. The occurrence of dirty shelled eggs is about 2 to 3% higher that the incidence of eggs with cracked shells. Shell breakage is also influenced by manufacturer of enrich cage systems. The highest impact eggs receive as they move from the hen to the retail store is in the laying house; overall, eggs receive impacts that average about 13G. The material used to make egg cartons (paper pulp or plastic foam), the cases in which the cartons are shipped (cardboard or wire), and the location of a carton within the shipping case (top, middle or bottom) affect the occurrence of shell breaking when eggs are transported. Even apparently weak impacts to egg shells may cause microcracks to develop and if the impacts are stronger visible cracks become apparent or they may rupture the mammillary membranes which will allow the egg’s content to escape.

Future demands of the poultry industry: Will we meet our commitments sustainably in developed and developing economies?

F.J. KLEYN and M. CIACCIARIELLO

The world’s population is expected to reach 9.8 billion people by 2050. Increases in population size, coupled with socio-economic changes such as urbanisation, age demographics, and increasing affluence levels, will double the demand for poultry products by 2050. The primary objective of agribusiness is to ensure food security for the global population at affordable prices. Concurrently, there is a desire that all food products be produced sustainably. The poultry industry is well-positioned to achieve adequate nutrient-dense food provision because chickens are efficient converters of energy and nutrients into edible product. Poultry production plays an essential role in local food security and the alleviation of poverty in the absence of other nutrient-dense foods. The poultry industry possesses the technology, skills and capital to meet the expected demand targets. However, the demand for poultry products that fulfil the environmental, social and financial standpoints of sustainability will increase. Public opinion will prevent us from using many of the technologies required to achieve these goals. Consumers will need to change their expectations, behaviour and spending patterns in the best interests of sustainability.

Commercial poultry feed formulation: current status, challenges, and future expectations

R.A. ALHOTAN

Poultry nutrition has evolved tremendously over the past 100 years. Feed formulation, the applied side of nutrition, has gone through vast improvements from simple hand formulations to computerised formulations using modern software equipped with advanced capabilities, which allows for high accuracy, easy integration, and flexibility. In general, the modern commercial feed formulations are based on the concept of ‘least-cost’ and produced using linear programming, which requires the user to have sufficient knowledge in the nutritional requirements of birds, and ingredient compositions and prices. Stochastic programming can also be used in high uncertainty situations, such as nutrient variation in feedstuffs, to increase the confidence of meeting the requirement of a particular nutrient. Although profit-maximising models were recommended to maximise profitability in poultry production, their use is still limited. Several challenges are encountered when formulating feeds such as nutrient variability, ingredient shortages, ingredient price fluctuations, antibiotic-free production, and meeting the requirements of constantly changing genotypes. Adopting innovative technology has helped nutritionists and mill managers overcome most of the challenges that they face. In the future, poultry feed formulation is likely to receive more enhancements like implementing the true protein and net energy system and considering advanced profit-maximising models. The feed formulation solutions’ suppliers are expected to introduce more high-tech enhancements to the formulation solutions in response to the growing demands of the feed industry. Such enhancements should maximise profitability, meet nutritional needs more accurately, and reduce environmental pollution for more sustainable poultry production.

Peripheral regulation of food intake in chickens -adiposity signals, satiety signals, and others

K. HONDA

Broiler chickens eat more feed and grow faster than layer chickens. However, hyperphagia-induced excessive accumulation of body fat in broiler chickens has become a serious problem in the modern poultry industry. Species specificity in terms of the physiological role of appetite-regulating hormones and neuropeptides can make it difficult to understand the mechanisms underlying the central regulation of food intake in chickens. Therefore, although the appetite regulatory system of chickens has been a focus of research in recent decades, the mechanisms underlying the hyperphagia of broiler chickens is not fully understood. Our previous studies demonstrated that peripheral hormones significantly suppress food intake in chicks. These findings suggest that postprandial elevation of peripheral anorexigenic hormones play important roles in appetite regulation in chickens. This review provides an overview of recent findings on the role of peripheral hormones in the regulation of food intake in chickens and propose the new insight of avian-species specific system of peripheral regulation of food intake and promising strategies for reducing body fat mass in broiler chickens.

Chick quality: An overview of measurement techniques and influencing factors

D. NARINÇ and E. AYDEMIR

The production quantity of poultry products is increasing in the world economy with every passing day. The increase in chick quality is synonymous with the increase in the number of saleable chicks in terms of the poultry industry. In addition, in order to obtain high-quality products, one should start production with high-quality chicks as well as providing the ideal environmental conditions starting from the first day of incubation. The additive gene effects on chick quality are very low, whereas environmental factors have a large effect. Environmental factors affecting chick quality can be classified as egg storage period and conditions, age and genotype of breeder flock, incubation conditions, incubation types and post-hatch handling. Both quantitative and qualitative methods are used to determine chick quality. The quantitative methods employed include such morphological measurements as chick weight, chick length, leg length, chest circumference, and the diameter of shank. The qualitative methods used to determine chick quality are visual assessment-based methods which are called the Pasgar score and the Tona score. In recent years, the Tona and Pasgar methods have been used frequently in studies carried out with respect to measuring the effects of various environmental practices on chick quality. This paper aims to review the studies carried out concerning chick quality, the factors influencing chick quality, and the determination of chick quality and makes some suggestions for future studies to be conducted on chick quality assessment.

Probiotics as therapeutic, antioxidant and immunomodulatory agents against poultry coccidiosis

M. MOHSIN, R.Z. ABBAS, G. YIN, Z. SINDHU, A. ABBAS, Z. HUANG, M.T. ALEEM, Z. SAEED, M.Z. AFZAL, A. EJAZ and M. SHOAIB

Avian coccidiosis is an important parasitic disease of birds, caused by genus Eimeria, and having great economic importance. The estimated global economic loss due to coccidiosis is up to US$3 billion annually. Approximately 80% of these losses are associated with performance parameters, including decreased weight gain, heavy mortality, poor feed conversion ratio and the remaining 20% of losses include the cost of prophylaxis and treatment measures. This disease has been controlled by different anticoccidial agents, but synthetic drug-resistance is the major issue due to which researchers are trying to develop modern alternate effective approaches. Moreover, drug residues cause health hazard issues for poultry product consumers, which have led to the cessation of such practices in developed countries. Control through vaccination can be considered as a good practice, but due to the high cost and complexity of Eimeria species, development of a cost-effective vaccine has proved challenging. Among other options, probiotics have shown favourable effects against coccidiosis. Use of probiotics can reduce 70-80% of losses faced by the poultry industry worldwide. They have shown excellent results due to their antioxidant, immunostimulatory and positive effects on intestinal health of infected birds. Furthermore, details about the expression of the host biological responses against poultry coccidiosis and how probiotic supplementation assists in improving these responses in chickens are described in this review.

Flavonoid antioxidants in chicken meat production: Potential application and future trends

F. RAFIEI and F. KHAJALI

Meat-type chickens (broilers) are highly prone to oxidative stress because of genetic selection for their growth rate and because of the environmental conditions in which they are reared. Oxidative stress has significant impacts on chicken meat quality and safety. As such, antioxidants are often added to the diets of chickens to prevent oxidative stress and to ensure the quality and safety of the meat. This paper discusses sources of oxidative stress (pro-oxidants) in the chicken meat industry, from the raising of live birds to the production of chicken meat. The potential of flavonoids – the biggest group of natural antioxidants – is also explored with a discussion of their natural sources, bioavailability, and their potential application in the chicken meat industry.

Olive pomace for the feeding of commercial poultry: effects on performance, meat and eggs quality, hematological parameters, microbiota and immunity

C.O. DE OLIVEIRA, A.A.P. ROLL, F.M. GONÇALVES, D.C.N. LOPES and E.G. XAVIER

The present study aims to gather the research carried out worldwide in the last two decades with the use of olive pomace in the diet of broilers, laying hens and laying quails to highlight the nutritional importance of such biomass and its effective use in poultry nutrition. The olive pomace from the extraction of olive oil has important chemical properties from a nutritional standpoint such as a high concentration of cellulose, hemicellulose and lignin. In addition, it can be a significant source of fatty acids (12 – 22%), minerals and phenolic compounds. Thus, combining the use of olive pomace and seeking to adapt it to animal feed in a sustainable way, research has been carried out around the world with the use of olive pomace in the diet of commercial birds. The results presented in different studies demonstrate that the inclusion of up to 10% of olive pomace in the diet of broiler chickens, commercial laying hens and Japanese quails does not negatively affect the performance of the birds and improves the quality of meat, such as odour and flavour. Additionally, an increase in the egg weight and yolk index has been observed when olive pomace is supplied up to 9% in diets. The inclusion of olive pomace can also alter the lipid profile of the chicken meat and egg yolk, increasing the series of monounsaturated fatty acids and reducing the saturated ones. Haematological parameters of the different categories of birds do not change regarding albumins, globulins, total proteins, haematocrit, aspartate aminotransferase (AST) and alanine aminotransferase (ALT) with up to 20% olive pomace in the diet. The gut microbiota of birds that receive olive pomace in their feed is altered and broilers have better antibody titres for Infectious Bronchitis and Gumboro.

Effect of feeding fermented and non-fermented palm kernel cake on the performance of broiler chickens: A review

M.I. ALSHELMANI, U. KAKA, E.A. ABDALLA, A.M. HUMAM and H.U. ZAMANI

Palm kernel cake (PKC) is a by-product of oil extraction from palm fruits and has been included in poultry diets as an alternative to soybean meal and yellow corn. Due to its high content of fibre, coarse texture and gritty appearance, the use of PKC in poultry nutrition is limited. In order to increase the nutritive value of PKC, there is a tendency nowadays to create solid state fermentation (SSF) by using cellulolytic microbes. This paper reviews the impact of feeding fermented and non-fermented PKC on the performance of broiler chickens. Recent studies have reported that SSF by cellulolytic microorganisms improved the nutritive value of PKC. The nutrient digestibility has been increased significantly in PKC fermented using Paenibacillus polymyxya ATCC 842 or Weisella confusa SR-17b. The availability of valine, histidine, methionine and arginine was 70.42, 71.50, 71.92 and 81.15%, respectively, in PKC fermented using P. polymyxa ATCC 842. The digestibility of crude protein (CP) increased by 61.83% and 59.90% in PKC fermented using P. polymyxya ATCC 842 or W. confusa SR-17b, respectively. In addition, body weight gain (BWG) and feed conversion ratio (FCR) improved significantly in broilers fed 15% fermented PKC compared to those fed 15% non-fermented PKC (2000.43 g versus 1823.23 g and 1.75 versus 1.91, respectively). The intestinal Enterobacteriaceae decreased (4.03 CFU/g) and lactic acid bacteria increased (5.56 CFU/g) in birds fed 15% PKC fermented by P. polymyxa ATCC 842. Therefore, fermented PKC can be included in a broiler diet up to 15%, replacing part of soybean and yellow corn in the diet, leading to a decrease in the overall cost of poultry feeding.

Wealth from poultry waste: an overview

R. PRABAKARAN and S. EZHIL VALAVAN

Poultry production generates a huge volume of waste from hatchery, poultry farm, processing plant etc. which carry potential health hazards as they lead to air, water and land pollution. Disposal of these wastes by processing and recycling offers greater scope. Hatchery waste meal contains up to 44.63% of crude protein and 26.46% of crude fat and hence can be profitability used as an animal feed source. Appropriately processed dried poultry manure / litter would help in reducing the dependence on chemical fertilizers. India produces about 38.33 million tons of poultry manure annually sufficient to fertilize about 3.56 million hectares of farmland. While composting and combustion of poultry litter have been tried, biogas production could also be a good alternative. Poultry by-product meal (PBPM) obtained by rendering showed very high protein (63.7%) and fat (24.5%) contents and could be a cost-effective feed ingredient for monogastric animals that would also ensure efficiency of production. Biodiesel production from chicken fat by the transesterification process also offers good potential and India is keen on taking advantage by incorporating 5% of biodiesel in diesel to bring down its dependence on crude oil imports. Effective and efficient disposal of poultry waste will ensure sustainability of poultry production in developing countries.

Goose production and goose products

J. KOZÁK

Goose keeping can expand the choice of basic food materials and provides materials (feather and down) for light industry. There are various ways to produce goose meat using preferably white feathered breeds. Intensively reared broiler geese attain a slaughter weight of 5 kg by 56-63 days of age; under semi-intensive keeping they reach a slaughter weight of 6 kg by 16 weeks of age, and under extensive keeping (grazing) they can be slaughtered by 22-24 weeks of age. Fattened liver is produced with 9-24 weeks old liver type (Landaise) geese via cramming (force feeding) for 14-21 days by which time the liver weight can reach 600-1000 g. Goose fat is high in polyunsaturated fatty acids (PUFA) and along with goose meat can be considered as functional foods. The fattened goose liver is a delicacy, while goose eggs are mostly used as propagating material albeit with occasional consumption in some Asian countries. Most of the worldwide feather and down production originates from slaughtered geese; only 1-2% of the global production is removed manually. At scalding, the percentage of feather in body weight amounts to 3.8-5.5% in broiler vs. 3.4-5.3% in fattened goose, respectively. The feather and down obtainable from young geese (8-10 weeks old) per capita at their natural moulting time is 80-100 g on the first occasion. Six to seven weeks later it amounts to 100-130 g and after another 6-7 weeks 140-170 g, respectively. In the EU only those countries where it is and was a traditional practice are allowed to harvest feathers from and force feed geese. Some believe the objection and ban of these activities are scientifically unfounded.

Role of backyard poultry in South-East Asian countries: post COVID-19 perspective

P.K. DAS and I. SAMANTA

The potential growth of the poultry industry was halted globally during COVID-19 although poultry birds were not affected directly by the virus. Distress in the poultry industry during the pandemic is primarily due to restriction of movement imposed on various items such as poultry feed, chicks, medicine and vaccines, and poultry products both locally and globally particularly in Asia, where 10 countries executed national lockdowns and 12 countries employed localized lockdowns. Rumours about spreading of SARS-CoV-2 virus through poultry meat caused further collapse in the domestic market economy. The export market of poultry products has declined in certain regions like Asia, Europe and North America. It is expected that worldwide chicken meat trade may be lowered by 4 percent although there is increased demand for animal protein among consumers. Hence, an integrated approach is needed to revive the poultry industry. Apart from commercial poultry maintained in integrated farming systems with moderate to high level of biosecurity, there is a ‘backyard’ or ‘village level’ poultry sector with minimal biosecurity. In the backyard sector, native birds or locally available breeds are maintained and the birds or their products are mostly consumed locally. The strategy to adapt backyard poultry as an alternative system to generate income not only augments poultry production but also guarantees the availability of animal protein to the poorer section of the society, as well as improving the purchasing capacity of this section, and guards against the ‘reverse migration’ of labour during the post COVID-19 period. Furthermore, smallholders could play a vital role in fulfilling the demand for animal products in developing countries. Some initiatives to distribute chicks, feed and medicine for rearing among the marginal farmers were detected in India, Bangladesh and Cambodia during lockdown to mitigate the catastrophic effect of COVID-19 on the rural economy.

Kadaknath: A popular native chicken breed of India with unique black colour characteristics

S. HAUNSHI and L.L.L. PRINCE

Kadaknath is the most popular and unique native chicken breed of India. This breed is experiencing higher demand in recent times due to its unique characteristics and perceived health benefits of its meat and eggs. The entire bird including plumage, skin, shank, and internal organs is black. The black colour of this bird is due to hyperpigmentation associated with the fibromelanosis caused by the Fm gene. Three varieties of the Kadaknath breed have been identified based primarily on plumage colour: jet black, pencilled and golden. Kadaknath is a small-sized bird with small shanks (51.5 mm at 8 weeks). It attains the body weight of 865 g at 20 weeks. Cocks and hens weigh about 1500 and 1200 g, respectively, at 40 weeks. The average age at first egg is high (185 days) and the egg production potential of this breed is somewhat less (50 to 55 eggs in 40 weeks). Egg production up to 52 weeks was 90 to 105 eggs and the annual egg production is estimated to be in the range of 120 to 140 eggs. This breed has good fertility (80 to 85%) and hatchability (83 to 90%) status. Eggs are small in size (42 to 45 g) but have good shell quality (10.47% shell) with light brown to brown coloured shells, and low yolk to albumen ratio (0.51). Consumers prefer Kadaknath meat due to its desirable flavour and lean meat (0.11 to 0.52 % abdominal fat) as compared to broiler meat (1.74 to 1.85% abdominal fat). Increased demand for healthier meat among modern consumers has led to the rearing of Kadaknath birds in intensive and semi-intensive systems around the major cities in India. The current paper describes the growth, production, and reproduction performance, status of immune-competence, carcass characteristics, meat quality, egg quality traits and future research needs of the Kadaknath breed.

 

Obituary

Professor Dr. agr. Johannes Heinrich Petersen

29 August 1934 – 4 February 2021

Johannes PetersenOn February 4, 2021, Prof. Dr. Johannes Petersen passed away at the age of 86. For decades he had a decisive influence on German poultry science. Johannes Petersen was born on August 29, 1934, in Hörpel, Soltau County, and grew up on a farm in Lower Saxony. After practical training in agriculture and attending the Albrecht-Thaer-Seminar in Celle, he became a ‘state-certified farmer’ in 1958. He then studied agricultural science with the focus on animal production at the Technical University of Berlin, graduating in 1963. At the Berlin Institute for Animal Production, he received his doctorate in 1969 with a topic on egg shell stability measurement. Here he took up an assistant professorship for small animal breeding and special biometry and habilitated in 1977 for the teaching field of small animal breeding. Shortly thereafter, he moved to the Rheinische Friedrich-Wilhelms-Universität in Bonn, where he was appointed Professor of Small Animal Breeding and Husbandry at the Faculty of Agriculture. He represented this department until his retirement.

In his research, Johannes Petersen distinguished himself by critical expertise and high scientific standards, both in experimental performance and biometric evaluation. In small animal research, Johannes Petersen covered almost all animal species and worked on areas of genetics, product quality, husbandry, ethology, animal welfare, environment and business management. A major focus was on studies in laying hens. In addition to the long-standing research foci ‘Emission reduction in laying hen husbandry’ and ‘Egg quality’, he investigated the interactions between lighting programs and feeding, in particular, the results of which have also found their way into practice. Even after his retirement, Johannes Petersen continued his scientific activities as author and consultant as well as in professional associations.

Against the background of his extensive practical training, Johannes Petersen was able to convincingly convey the liaison function between science and practice. Thus, he was co-editor of the journal ‘Archiv für Geflügelkunde’ (European Poultry Science) for many years and organized the handover of the editorship from Prof. Dr. Dr. h.c. Siegfried Scholtyssek to Prof. Dr. Martina Gerken and to private lecturer Dr. Michael Grashorn in 1998. He also acted as editor of the ‘Jahrbuch für die Geflügelwirtschaft’ for many years.

He was a long-time member of the German Branch of the World's Poultry Science Association (Deutsche Vereinigung für Geflügelwissenschaft e.V.) and brought his expertise and mediating skills to the board. He served as President of the German Group from 1996 to 2002. During this time, he contributed significantly to organizing the European Poultry Conference (EPC) in Bremen in 2002, which was very successful and contributed significantly to the reputation of the German Group in the world organization. Together with Prof. Dr. Martina Gerken, he was also the editor of the chronicle on the occasion of the 50th anniversary of the German Association for Poultry Science e.V. in 2003. The chronicle reflects in the best way the whole spectrum of scientific research of the association members in poultry science.

In addition to his professional commitment, Johannes Petersen, as a committed Christian, took on a variety of tasks, especially in the Evangelical Lutheran Church, which he deepened after his retirement. His special interest was the Lutheran Theological College Oberursel.

In addition to his distinctive professional abilities, Johannes Petersen was highly respected for his humane manner, always respectful of others, and his personal integrity. He achieved his goal of reconciling scientific work and supportive assistance in an outstanding manner. With his attitude toward scientific diligence, his commitment and his great personality, he remains a lasting role model. The German Branch of the World’s Poultry Science Association will always keep him in grateful and honorable memory.

Lüneburg, February 2021

Dr. Michael Grashorn, Prof. Dr. Martina Gerken and Prof. Dr. Karl-Heinz Südekum based on the laudation by Prof. Dr. Franz Ellendorff on the occasion of the 65th birthday of the deceased.

Branch News

Australia

Australian Poultry Science Symposium

The 32nd Annual Australian Poultry Science Symposium (APSS) was held as a ‘virtual’ meeting on February 9-10, 2021. APSS is organised by the Poultry Research Foundation of the University of Sydney and the Australia Branch of the WPSA. This annual meeting is normally held as a face-to-face meeting in Sydney, most recently in the downtown Sheraton Grand Sydney Hyde Park Hotel. However, for 2021, the decision was made to change to a fully on-line ‘virtual’ symposium because of the covid-19 pandemic. For the 2020 symposium, there was an initial registration of 280 people, 20 of whom withdrew their registration because of the impact of the early stages of the pandemic. At the 2021 ‘virtual’ symposium, the total number of registrants was 250 and sponsorship was maintained at its usual high level, indicating the extent of participant and sponsor commitment to the holding of the meeting.

The virtual meeting was extremely well delivered. The evening before the symposium proper, there were opportunities to meet with the sponsors at their respective online booths as well as opportunities for networking with random groups of people set up online for short chat sessions. For the main part of the symposium, all presentations were pre-recorded as videos to ensure that the programme was not disrupted in the event of any IT problems. Even the posters had short video presentations attached to the on-line posters and the opportunity for live interaction with the poster presenters. The sections of all sessions were followed by a live question and answer (Q & A) session and participants had the opportunity of asking questions as a presentation was being screened, as well as during the live Q & A.

The virtual event made use of Centium Software, the EventsAIR platform and the live Aircast Studio. Touchpoint Meeting Services provided the direct support to the event.

All recorded presentations and sessions continue to be available to paid registrants for a period of 60 days following the symposium.

Invited speakers from outside of Australia were:

  • Dr David Marks (Indonesia) ‘Antibiotic stewardship in east and south east Asia: the trials and tribulations of a field veterinarian’
  • Dr Maarten de Gussem (Belgium) ‘Gut health in poultry production: holistic approach leading to novel insights in 2021’
  • Dr Robert Renema (Canada) ‘Balancing research, innovation and experience to manage the modern broiler breeder’
  • Dr Kenneth Anderson (U.S.A.) ‘Layer nutrition associated with different production systems’

Invited speakers from within Australia were:

  • Professor Paul Hemsworth ‘Laying hen welfare in Australia’
  • Professor Rachel Ankeny ‘Australian community values and layer hen welfare’
  • Dr Sam Abraham ‘Bugs have no boundaries: antimicrobial resistance challenges in Australian poultry’
  • Dr David Cadogan ‘Alternative methods of feeding layers’
  • Dr Rebecca Forder ‘Maternal stress, the potential impact on broiler breeders and subsequent chick development’

Past proceedings of the APSS, including those from 2021, are available at: https://www.apss2021.com.au/proceedings.

All participants agreed that the virtual symposium was a great success. However, of course, they missed having the usual face-to-face contact and the social gatherings. We are hopeful that the 2022 symposium will be a ‘hybrid’ event with participants attending in person if they are able to but offering online participation for those who are unable to attend in person.

Julie Roberts, President, Australia Branch

Brazil

FACTA WPSA-Brazil confirms 38th FACTA Conference FACTA in 2021

In accordance with its mission of diffusing technical and scientific knowledge in the poultry sector, FACTA WSPA-Brazil confirmed that the 38th edition of its Conference will be held in 2021, entirely online and between June 22nd and 24th.  Following last year's event example, which brought together more than 400 attendees from 16 countries, the Foundation chose to keep the event online, as it was considered a success by the participants and in light of the uncertainties surrounding the next semester.

Themed "Aviculture, recalculating...", the Conference will address relevant issues in the productive sector's adaptation to keep in business, as well as the new ways in which poultry products have started being sold since the start of the pandemic. "We believe that the Conference will be a good moment for us to evaluate the changes that occurred and reprogram processes and procedures", specifies FACTA's president, Ariel Mendes.

In addition to the Conference, FACTA will also host the "FACTA Symposium on Salmonella: Updating control and trends" on April 27th and 28th, which will be held online for the first time.

FACTA resumes special Podcast series on aviculture

In the first trimester of 2021, the APINCO Foundation for Poultry Science and Technology continues its special Podcast series on aviculture. The first episode will already be available on the first week of March in FACTA's digital platforms. 19 podcasts were recorded in 2020, addressing varied themes such as Covid-19 prevention in poultry processing plants, biosecurity, immunomodulation benefits, NIR technology, Gumboro disease control, among others. 

FACTA elects its new board members

FACTA's Trustee Council elected two new members for the 2021/2022 biennium: Ariel Antonio Mendes is now the institution's president director and Silvio Hungaro, its financial and managing director.

Ariel Mendes is a veterinary doctor with a Bachelor's degree from UFPR (Federal University of Paraná), Master's from UFRGS (Federal University of Rio Grande do Sul), PhD from UNAM (National Autonomous University of Mexico) and a post-doctoral fellowship in the Poultry Science Department of the University of Arkansas (USA), with over 40 years dedicated to research and the strenghtening of Brazilian and Latin American aviculture.

Silvio Hungaro is a veterinary doctor with a bachelor's degree from FMVZ-USP (Faculty of Veterinary Medicine and Zootechny - University of São Paulo), having worked in numerous renowned companies in the sector.

The new president director explains that in 2021 the Foundation will continue with the symposiums, seminars and courses, particularly online, which enables reaching people from all over the world and particularly Latin America, FACTA's current priority. It will also focus on face-to-face trainings for contracted poultry growers, in association with the industries and cooperatives that work in the sector.

Heading FACTA in the last six years, professor Irenilza de Alencar Nääs makes the transition for the new board, remarking on the great satisfaction of having served for three terms as the entity's president. The complete board is now as follows: Ariel Mendes, President Director; Anselmo Micheletti, Executive Director; Silvio Hungaro, Financial and Managing Director; Ibiara Correia Almeida Paz, Courses and Publications Director; Marcelo Fagnani Zuanaze, Marketing Director; Rodrigo Garófallo Garcia, Events Director and Eva Hunka, Special Projects Director.

FACTA Library

The FACTA Library has a new title in its collection, the "Doenças das Aves" (Poultry Diseases) book. In its third edition, the publication is authored by Raphael Lucio Andreatti Filho, Ângelo Berchieri Júnior Edir Nepomuceno da Silva, Alberto Back, José Di Fábio and Marcelo A. Fagnani Zuanaze.

The book, coordinated by FACTA, addresses the evolution of poultry medicine that took place in recent years. 120 professionals (from both private companies and renowned educational institutions committed to the poultry sector) were involved in the book’s broad review, which also included new chapters, considered essential for its update.

The FACTA Library has a collection with original works about incubation, broiler breeders' management, poultry production, poultry diseases, among other titles, some of them with international repercussion.

To explore the collection, access: http://facta.org.br/catalogo-de-produtos/

Colombia

The Colombian Association of Veterinarian and Animal Husbandries Specialist in Poultry – AMEVEA, is delighted to receive approval from the World’s Poultry Science Association to become the Colombian branch of WPSA as of 2021.

AMEVEA is a non-profit organization founded 52 years ago, which aims to maintain continuous education in professionals specialised in poultry through the development of academic activities including: seminars, courses, symposia and virtual conferences. It also supports research projects in poultry, in alliances with universities.

Dr Luis Carlos Monroy, vice-president of AMEVEA’s board of directors was chosen as president of the Colombian Branch and the Secretary is Dr César Augusto Pradilla, executive director of AMEVEA.

Our members come from different backgrounds: there are veterinarians, animal husbandries, biologists and microbiologists, all of them with extensive field experience in poultry.

France

jeudis de la wpsaThe 2021 general assembly of WPSA-France took place online 18 March 2021. Four new members of the Board were elected on that occasion. The Branch also held at a scientific session on that date called ‘WPSA Thursday,’ dedicated to the topic ‘Resilience of the poultry production chain following one year of COVID-19’. The event was freely accessible to all 2021 members of the French Branch of WPSA, who can access all documents at https://www.wpsa.fr/12-qui-sommes-nous/79-jeudi-de-la-wpsa-2020

In its subsequent online meeting, the board elected Christophe Bostvironnois as president, Michel Duclos as secretary, Catherine Hamelin as treasurer, Michel Lessire and Michele Tixier-Boichard as vice-presidents.

Christophe Bostvironnois, President, and Michel Duclos, secretary WPSA France 

Germany

The German Branch of the World’s Poultry Science Association held its Annual Meeting online on March, 9th to 10th 2021, due to the pandemic situation. In total, 120 members attended the scientific presentations that covered specific topics from AI, to measuring dust, to in-ovo sexing. The speakers and their topics included:

  • Timm Harder, from the Institute for Virus Diagnostics, Friedrich-Loeffler-Institute, Federal Institute for Animal Health: Cyclic re-emergence of high pathogenicity avian influenza epidemic in Europe – any lessons learned?
  • Birgit Spindler, from the Institute for Animal Hygiene, Animal Welfare and Farm Animal Ethology, University of Veterinary Medicine Hannover Foundation: Possibilities of automated recording of animal welfare indicators in poultry
  • Carolin Adler, Inga Tiemann, and Wolfgang Büscher from the Institute for Agricultural Engineering, University of Bonn: Elevated perforated areas in broiler housing – the universal solution?
  • Jörg Hurlin, from Agri Technologies GmbH, Visbek: Sex determination in the egg – chances and limits.
  • Falko Kaufmann, Focus Applied Poultry Science, Osnabrück University of Applied Sciences: Brother cocks – opportunities and limits.
  • Silke Rautenschlein, from the Clinic for Poultry, University of Veterinary Medicine Hanover Foundation; and Inga Tiemann, from the Institute for Animal Science & Institute for Agricultural Engineering, University of Bonn: Dual-purpose chickens – opportunities and limits.

Practical prizes from the Ulmer Verlag publishing house were presented to Christiane Ahlers and Martin Huchler for: Keeping laying hens with untrimmed beaks - a view of the flock is not enough; and, to Christiane Keppler, Inga Garrelfs and Birgit Spindler for: Dealing with and injured pullets and laying hens. - Decisions about life and death.

A Master’s Thesis Award was presented to Senta Becker from the Institute for Agricultural Engineering, University of Bonn: Evaluation of two flooring systems regarding their dust emissions in broiler production and comparison of two dust measuring systems.

Many thanks to the presenting authors, and also to the audience! See you next time, hopefully in Berlin,

The XII Euroepan Symposium on Poultry Genetics is being planned for Hannover, 8-10 November 2023. Information will follow.

Inga Tiemann, Secretary, Germany Branch

Hungary

The Hungarian Branch in cooperation with the Poultry Product Board of Hungary is currently organizing the 19th ’World Egg Day’ conference. The date for that conference will be 8Th October 2021 and it will be held in Budapest. We have a arranged a general lecture with a speaker from Rabobank, and five other speakers from different fields such as animal health, feeding, diseases, and egg processing.

Györgyi Molnár, Secretary, Hungarian Branch

 For further information concerning the venue, registration, etc., please contact:

Györgyi Molnár PhD.
+3630 561 7103
Agricultural Secretary
Poultry Product Board
Hungary

India

The India Branch sponsored a ‘National e-Quiz competition on Eggs’ on October 9 2020 in conjunction with our annual World Egg Day. The competition was organized by the Department of Poultry Science at Maharashtra Animal and Fishery Sciences University, Nagpur, India.

Indonesia

Indonesian Branch of WPSA held the 5th Virtual Congress and elected New Committee for 2020 – 2025

WPSA-Indonesia (MIPI), which is a branch of the World’s Poultry Science Association (WPSA), was founded in 1992. MIPI received its legal status in August 2, 2020 and since then the organization is legally known as the Indonesian Poultry Science Association or Perkumpulan Masyarakat Ilmu Perunggasan Indonesia (MIPI).

MIPI welcomes all Indonesians who have an interest in poultry science, businesses, and government officers. MIPI disseminates knowledge and technology on all aspects of poultry production by organising technical seminars and scientific conferences. MIPI tries to harmonise the relationships between scientists, government officers, poultry farmers, and people working in the poultry industry.

On December 23, 2020, MIPI held a congress virtually. The congress was opened by MIPI President Prof. Dwi Sunarti, followed by a presentation of a scientific seminar with two speakers: Dr Nasrullah, the Director-General of Livestock and Animal Health Services, Ministry of Agriculture of the Republic of Indonesia, and Dr Roel Mulder, the Secretary of the World’s Poultry Science Association.

The Indonesian government hopes that MIPI can participate in solving problems faced by the poultry industry in this country, such as problems of unstable supply and demand on poultry meat in Indonesia.

The WPSA Secretary Dr Roel Mulder described general information about WPSA, such as its mission and vision. He also described the outlook for the global poultry industry such as the perspective on COVID-19 impact on the egg industry, which is currently in a difficult situation due to the covid-19 pandemic. The Covid 19 pandemic has caused a big drop in food service and tourism industries and has increased feed costs.

The 5th MIPI congress elected the executive committee for the 2020-2025 period. The committee consists of Prof. Ir. Arnold Parlindungan Sinurat, PhD as the President of WPSA Indonesia, Dr Chutaemil Marom as Vice President, Prof. Dr Ir. Maria Endo Mahata, MS, as Secretary, Yopi Safari, S.Pt as vice Secretary, and Dr Ir. Rd. Triana Susanti, M.Si as Treasurer.

The new committee discussed some programmes to be executed this year such as strengthening the organisation, renewing the membership, and conducting some online seminars or discussions. MIPI is also preparing to host the 7th World Waterfowl Conference to be held in Indonesia in 2022.

Italy

2020 fier avicola

The next annual national meeting will be organized in conjunction with the 2021 edition of FIERAVICOLA which will be held at the Rimini Expo Centre from 7 to 9 September. General information on the International Poultry Exhibition is available on the website: https://www.fieravicola.com/en/.

The Annual Meeting will be jointly organized together with the Italian Branch World Veterinary Poultry Association (WVPA).

In order to avoid overlapping with WPC in 2022, ESPN will take place at the same planned venue, Palacongressi in Rimini, from 21 to 24 June, 2023. Our Branch would like to thank again VET International and Palacongressi of Rimini for their cooperation and understanding during this time. The city of Rimini, is an ideal place for the European Symposium on Poultry Nutrition and the modern as well as eco-friendly Venue is the perfect stage for the event. Many attendees including both poultry research scientists and practitioners, leading speakers from across the world joining together to explore the past, share the present and helping to forge the future of poultry meat science. More details are already available at the Symposia website: https://www.espn2023.eu/.

espn

Massimiliano Petracci, Secretary, Italian Branch of WPSA

Japan

The 2021 Spring Meeting of the Japan Poultry Science Association (JPSA) was held online (web) style on Saturday, March 27 from 9:00 am to 5:00 pm, Japan standard time. The meeting included 43 original research presentations, a general meeting, and ceremonies for the JPSA Award and the JPSA Incentive Award. All activities were on a live stream. Although the meeting was our first experience with the online style, it was a great success.

During the Spring Meeting, Awards for Excellent Presentations were given under the categories of ‘student member’ or ‘regular member aged 30 yrs. or below’ for the following presentations: 1) ‘Analysis of innate immune response in the duck RIG-I knocked-in DF-1’ by Kennosuke Ichikawa (Hiroshima University); 2) ‘Sensitivities to weak and strong acids in chicken oral tissue’ by Saki Ishibashi (Hirosaki University); 3) ‘Effects of supplementation with the lactic acid bacterium fermented sweet potato-shochu distillery by-product on growth performance and meat quality of broiler chickens’ by Daichi Sonoda (Kagoshima University); and 4) ‘Investigation of nutritional factors inducing fatty liver and analysis of its pathogenic mechanism in laying quail’ by Daiki Mori (Nagoya University). JPSA congratulates the presenters who received the Excellent Presentation Awards during the JPSA’s Spring Meeting 2021.

The JPSA Award was also presented to Dr Atsushi Asano (University of Tsukuba) during the Spring Meeting. In addition, JPSA Incentive Awards were presented to Dr Takahiro Nii (Hiroshima University), Dr Fuminori Kawabata (Hirosaki University), and Dr Mei Matsuzaki (Hiroshima University).

A meeting of the Young Members' Executive Committee of JPSA was held through an online seminar entitled ‘How to Conduct an Effective Referee Reading’ on March 26, which is just one day before starting the 2021 Spring Meeting. Peer review is an important process to ensure the quality of academic journals, and it is one of the most important tasks for researchers. In this seminar, it was discussed about the principles and tips of effective peer reviewing by two Professors, Dr Kazuhisa Honda (Kobe University), the current editorial board chair, and Dr Takashi Bungo (Hiroshima University), a former editorial board chair of the Journal of Poultry Science (JPS). This seminar provided very useful information, especially for our young scientists. There were also good discussions during the seminar.

The 2021 Autumn Meeting of JPSA will be held online style (zoom meeting) and will be hosted by Tohoku University on Thursday, September 16 from 9:00 am to 5:00 pm, Japan standard time. The details for the Autumn Meeting are available on the JPSA Homepage at https://jpn-psa.jp/en/meeting-information/. JPSA will welcome a wide participation over the glove.

The JPS, the official scientific journal of JPSA (IF: 0.880), became a member of PubMed Central (PMC), and the articles published in the journal can now be accessed through PubMed’s search engine (http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/journals/3725/). Moreover, JPSA is also available on the Directory of Open Access Journals (DOAJ) database (https://doaj.org/toc/1349-0486).

We welcome the reception of original research articles and review papers to the JPS using the following website: https://jpn-psa.jp/en/jps-en/. Free access to download the full-published articles in JPS is available on J-Stage (https://www.jstage.jst.go.jp/browse/jpsa), which provides an excellent opportunity for all to access the full published articles.

JPSA wants to contribute to the Poultry Science in Japan and over the globe by enhancing its international activities with members from different countries. Thus, JPSA has a membership category for foreign citizens residing abroad as ‘Special International Member’. The page charges for such members to publish their papers in the JPS will be set at the regular membership price. JPSA always welcomes new members from all over the world. Please visit our JPSA website (http://jpn-psa.jp/?lang=en) for further information.

The COVID-19 pandemic has made a tough situation in the world, but JPSA hopes things will get better soon. Please take good care of yourself!

Naoki Goto, Secretary of WPSA Japan Branch

Pakistan

DR MUHAMMAD ASLAM

1 August 1953 – 21 December, 2020

2021 june aslam muhammadAt the end of the day, it is not about what you accomplished or how much wealth you attained, but it is about who you have lifted up and who you have made feel better. It’s about what you have given back to this world. It’s about how hard you worked and what you worked hard for. And that is what he used to say: ‘Work like labour, live like king.’ We were walking in the fields full of fruit and pine trees which he had planted. I asked him why he had planted those trees which would take years and years to grow. ‘You and I may not be able to reap the benefits of these trees but the coming generations will.’ I did not understand that until now. He did not plant them for himself, he was simply stating that someone would be sitting in the shade today because someone had planted a tree a long time ago.

Dr Aslam was the epitome of being the person who always thought of giving back to the people in some way. He was a very down to earth man, always smiling and helping others. I would ask him often: "Abu, what is the reason behind your success? I spent more than what my pocket had on people.” He replied. He was a friend, a father, a husband and a businessman. To many, he was a source of comfort, for others, he was a source of guidance. But for me, he was a reflection of my own self, passing everything of him onto me.

Every successful businessman has his own story, his own struggle to the top. Dr Aslam had his own story. In the 1970s, the young Dr Aslam had left his village from the district of Okara to pursue further studies in Lahore. The young man ended up securing a place in UVAS, Lahore and graduated from there as a DVM. Later on, he graduated from Rawalpindi medical college as an MBBS doctor. The young graduate then started a small poultry farm in 1981 that housed only a couple of thousands of birds, delivering and selling the products himself on a rented van. At that time, the poultry industry was emerging in Pakistan. With hard work, dedication and honesty he established one of the biggest poultry companies in Pakistan. He always adapted latest innovations & technologies and set high standards for himself and his team, which resulted in high quality products, some of the principles that he had laid for the company. And that is the foundation on which the company stands on today. Looking after the employees was the basis running his company. He would say, “The business has to grow every year to give better benefits to employees.” He was declared businessman of the year in 2011 by RCCI.

Dr Aslam acted on his ideology of giving back to society throughout his life, he was a very charitable man. He built District Public School, Gogera based on that principle; to provide excellent education to the underprivileged by spending from his own pocket when needed. He also did charitable donations to Allied hospitals, Rawalpindi as the Chairman of the board to strive and make the visiting patients’ lives much easier. Today, they possess some of the most modern medical equipment in the country. As a representative of Flood relief Committee Rawalpindi, he raised and distributed over 15M rupees to flood victims, benefitting over 600 families. He would also distribute Cheque at doorsteps of needy people in all in all the union councils of Rawalpindi. Additionally, he remained Chairman Public Safety Commission, district Rawalpindi for three years, serving and providing to hundreds of families.

As the pioneer of the poultry industry of Pakistan, he remained the chairman of PPA several times during his career and contributed substantially towards the betterment of the industry. Dr Aslam did not just leave behind a legacy that would be remembered for generations, but he also left behind people who feel his absence daily. He did not leave amassing a great wealth but he left amassing the blessings and prayers of many. And that is what a visionary is supposed to be; to live forever in the hearts of everyone yet, still not be around. May Allah Grant him the highest of ranks in Jannah, Ameen!

Positions held:

  • Executive Member Islamabad Chamber of Commerce & Industry
  • Chairman, Pakistan Poultry Association
  • Member Punjab Bait-ul-Maal Council, Lahore
  • Chairman Public Safety Commission, District Rawalpindi
  • Convener Flood Relief Committee, Rawalpindi
  • Member Punjab Poultry Board
  • Member Human Rights Commission, District Rawalpindi
  • Chairman Board of Management Rawalpindi Medical College/Allied hospitals
  • Life Member of World’s Poultry Science Association

WPSA Women wing

WPSA Pakistan branch is the first WPSA branch in the world to have its women wing. Like elsewhere in the world, female students are slowly dominating the veterinary, animal husbandry and Poultry Sciences Universities and will also change the ratio in the Poultry Industry.

Keeping this situation in mind, WPSA Pakistan branch female member Dr Fareeha Talha floated the idea of a women's wing. The idea was approved by the executive body WPSA Pakistan branch and the women wing was developed with Dr Fareeha Talha elected its first president.

Dr Fareeha Talha is the first female veterinarian from the north of Pakistan and the first female veterinarian entrepreneur in the poultry industry of Pakistan. She has the vision to support females related to the poultry industry for entrepreneurship and to facilitate female students and researchers to be more innovative and practical in solving problems related to poultry industry. Dr Fareeha Talha aims to develop better liaison between industry, academia and poultry research institutes. Keeping in view the social norms of the country, women can be the best researchers, poultry lab workers, farm managers and feed mill nutritionists.

The WPSA Pakistan branch women wing's first executive and general body meeting was held on 11th Feb 2021. The executive body outlined their programmes for 2021 which included national level seminars, consumer awareness on poultry products among females as they have most say in the kitchen, membership drive for females related to industry, organising awareness lectures for females on entrepreneurship in poultry industry and providing opportunities for them.

WPSA Online Lecture Series 2021

The WPSA Online Lecture Series 2021 - Coaching and Nurturing Young Talent has started with the first presentation on Poultry Disease by de joint Secretary of WPSA-PB Women Wing, Dr Sumaira Ali on May 22, 2021.

Dr Shahzad Naveed Jadoon, Director/CEO Alltech Pakistan opened the meeting by sharing the key principles of WPSA-PB (World’s Poultry Science Association Pakistan Branch), which are: Research, Education and Organization. He appreciated the dedicated zones of WPSA-PB including Northern, Southern, Research and Development and Women wing and their valuable contributions towards the improvement of poultry industry Pakistan. He shared that the purpose of arranging this Online Lecture Series is to convert the challenge of limited interaction because of COVID-19 into a learning opportunity. He added that the main objective is to support the young talents and provide them with an opportunity to polish and improve their skills, learn from experiences and share their knowledge and ideas. He stated that two sessions per month will be scheduled.

Dr Sumaira Ali gave a brief presentation on Infectious Laryngotracheitis Diseases in Poultry and elaborated its devastating impact on commercial poultry and local small scale poultry farms. She discussed its etiology, transmission, clinical signs and diagnosis, also shared the preventive measures and vaccination programmes that could be effective in lowering the severity of the disease caused by virus.

Dr Fareeha Talha, President Women Wing WPSA-PB attended the session and thanked Dr Jadoon for his idea of coaching and nurturing young talent. She stated that WPSA-PB’s aim should be to promote the young scientists, researchers and young talent. She emphasized that WPSA-PB should be a blend of veterinarians, researchers, scientists and youth, people from diverse backgrounds rather than relaying on only poultry companies. The first step is always the hardest, but women wing has come forward and initiated the run. She thanked Dr Sumaira for her presentation.

Calendar

12-6-2021

Dr Aayesha Riaz

Application oof gene editing in poultry diseases prevention

27-6-2021

Prof Dr Akram Munir

Impact of viral diseases on poultry performance and profits

3-7-2021

Dr Mehr U Nisa

Recent advancements and future aspects in poultry nutrition

17-7-2021

Dr Irum Bhugio

Use of kitchen waste for backyard poultry

25-7-2021

Dr Zahra Zaman

Marek’s disease in poultry & its prevalence in backyard poultry

31-7-2021

Dr Roheela Yasmeen

Effect of particulate matter & gaseous emission on poultry farmers

7-8-2021

Dr Fareeha Talha

Opportunities for women in the poultry sector

14-8-2021

WPSA family

Impendence celebration with WPSA family

21-8-2021

Dr Hidayaullah Soomro

Use of turmeric in induce molting techniques on performance of layer management as alternative source

28-8-2021

Mr Shahid Bokhari

Importance of hatchery ventilation

 

Russia

Scientific communication with industry: The VNITIP Federal Scientific Centre of the Russian Science Academy in Serguiev Posad, Moscow Region, recognizes the importance of scientific communication with the industry and has a programme to encourage this effort. Every year more than 1000 experts from Russia and abroad attend lectures from leading scientists in poultry industry areas, exchange experiences and discuss innovations from local and foreign poultry science efforts in Ptitsegrad. All are welcome to attend the courses in Serguiev Posad.

Tatiana Vasilieva, Secretary

South Africa

AI has reached our shores and with covid the Poultry Industry has had a tough time lately. The SA branch of the WPSA did not have their annual Scientific Day in 2020 but we are excited to announce that we will host an online conference over 2 days in November 2021. We have a great range of speakers lined up and are partnering with an experienced  company to manage the online event. We will distribute information regarding registration soon.

Sri Lanka

The Sri Lanka Branch of the WPSA had scheduled the 19th Annual Scientific sessions in 2020, but had to postpone it due to the Covid 19 pandemic. Even this year due to the spread of Covid 19, it was impossible to hold these sessions, because meetings and gatherings were not allowed. Keeping to the Sri Lankan health guidelines the Scientific Session was held successfully on 7th May 2021 as a virtual meeting with Zoom technology. Around 67 participants attended the virtual meeting. The Secretary General of WPSA Dr Roel Mulder also participated.

There were 7 papers presented as follows:

  • A comparison of growth performance and feed cost of broilers fed diets supplemented with a phytogenic growth promoter – by Leelaratne B.S.S., Atapattu N.S.B. Mm, Kumara R.P., and Premasiri H.P.
  • Assessment of current welfare status of broilers in Anuradhapura district, Sri Lanka – by Dodangoda D.G.I.L., Kumari M.A.A.P, Dissanayake S.P., and Somasiri S.C.
  • A survey on public perception on utilization of Black Soldier Fly Larvae (BSFL:Hermetia illucens) in waste management and poultry feeding in Ratnapura District, Sri Lanka by Ellawidana E.W.D.M., Perera R.N.N., Lakmini P.K., Priyadarshana M.K., and Magamage M.P.S.
  • Detection of an outbreak of Inclusion Body Hepatitis in commercial broiler chickens in North Western and Western Provinces in Sri Lanka – by Perera G.I.S., Fernando P.S., Bandara W.M.P., Karunarathne G.M.C.R., Wijekoon W.M.S.K., and Dulakshi H.M.T.
  • Antimicrobial resistance of E Coli isolated from commercial layer and backyard chicken farms from two Veterinary Divisions in Kalutara district in Sri Lanka. – by Gunathilaka G.A.D.K.K., Kottawatta K.S.A., Thilakaratne D.S., and Kalupahana R.S.
  • Effect of the coconut- shell biochar incorporation on ammonia emission from broiler litter – by Lavanniya K., and Atapattu N.S.B.M.
  • Two incidents of Infectious Bursal Disease in small holder poultry layer farms despite vaccination.- by Rathnayake R.M.I.M., De Silva N., Kalupahana A.W.

Dr Mrs A L Godwin, Secretary WPSA-SL

Turkey

For obvious reasons known to all, the WPSA-Turkey Branch has been unable to hold activities at the desired level. However, since the beginning of 2021, two board meetings have been held through video conferencing. In these meetings, in order to maintain common interest in our branch, matters such as organising meetings on current issues related to poultry, combating misinformation about poultry products that appear from time to time in the media, and cooperation with relevant official organisations and NGOs were discussed.

We hope to continue our activities after these difficult days are over and life returns to normal.

Prof. Dr Kâzım Şahin, Secretary, WPSA Turkish Branch

United Kingdom

UK Branch annual meeting

UK Branch annual meeting went online (almost) without a hitch. Like so many events over the past year, the United Kingdom (U.K.) Branch opted to hold its annual meeting online in April.

Number of registrations was 120 — rather more than have attended the branch’s regular Spring Meetings in recent years. Actual attendance was almost constant at between 62 and 68 throughout the two days.

Main themes of the four invited presentations were slow-growing poultry, and opportunities for value-added poultry products. From Wageningen University in The Netherlands, Dr Peter van Horne described how slower growing broilers were introduced onto the Dutch market, while the future of slower growing breeds was explored by Dr James Bentley (Hubbard SAS). ‘Opportunities and challenges for added-value chicken meat’ was the title of a presentation by Dr Francesca Soglia of the University of Bologna in Italy. From Switzerland, Dr Isabelle Gangnat of the ETH Zurich discussed further opportunities for higher value meats, specifically chicken.

In addition to these invited talks, the meeting programme included 26 scientific presentations. These covered original research on a range of topics including nutrition, health and bird welfare.

The President’s Prize for the best long presentation went to Salvatore Galgano of Scotland’s Rural College (SRUC). His talk was entitled ‘Peracetic acid pre-cursors for non-antibiotic modulation of gut microbiota and possible modulation of performance in broilers’.

For the best short talk, the President’s Prize was awarded to Rebekah McMurray of Queen’s University Belfast. The title of her presentation was ‘The effect of Agrimonia pilosa Ledeb, Anemone chinesis Bunge and Smilax glabra Roxb on performance, nutrient digestibility and gastrointestinal tract microbiota of broilers’.

Both of these recipients receive a certificate and cash award.

Overall, this first experience for the UK branch in holding its Spring Meeting remotely went very smoothly. This was thanks in no small part to the hard work and dedication of the Programme Committee, expert technical support by Webmaster Richard Harris, and cool coordination by Branch president, Professor Emily Burton.

Poultry Science Symposium postponed to 2022

Sadly, the 33rd Poultry Science Symposium (PSS) organized by the UK Branch — scheduled originally for August 2020, and then the same month this year — has been postponed for a second time. The chosen venue is the University of Cambridge, which informed the branch in April that it will not host any conferences in 2021.

This has come as a bitter disappointment. However, it is the branch’s determined aim to hold the meeting when the situation allows. Discussions are ongoing with Clare College to secure an alternative date in 2022.

Theme of the Symposium will be ‘Pre- and probiotics: Nutritional, veterinary and production perspectives. Latest information will be posted on the event web site: https://www.wpsa2020.org/.

Jackie Linden, UK Branch Secretary

USA

The USA and Canadian Branches of the WPSA will again jointly sponsor the annual WPSA Lecture that will be held on Monday, July 19 during the Virtual 2021 Poultry Science Association Annual meeting. The speaker will be Dr Rozita Dara from the School of Computer Science at the University of Guelph, Ontario, Canada. The topic of the WPSA Lecture will be ‘Utilizing Big Data in Poultry Smart Farming: Opportunities and Challenges’.

The coalition of North American branches (USA, Canada and Mexico) is excited to announce our intent to revise and re-submit our bid to host the XXVII World’s Poultry Congress in 2026 in Toronto, Canada. The revised bid will accommodate the postponement of the WPC until 2026 due to the postponement of the XXVI WPC in Paris until the summer of 2022.

Dr Bob Buresh, WPSA Senior Vice President and USA Branch Secretary

 

December 2019 Newsletter

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Volume 49, December 2019  Newsletter Editor: Dr G.B. Havenstein,  

 

2020 wpc  

World's Poultry Congres 2020

16-20 August, Paris, France

Scholarship Awards

During the XXVI World’s Poultry Congress in Paris, France in 2020 Scholarship Awards for respectively the WPSA Paul B. Siegel Research Award and the WPSA Education Award are going to be presented.
Information about the awards and the nominations, which should be received at least six months before the Congress can be found here.
The deadline for receipt of submissions will be 1st March 2020.
Nominations must be send by e-mail to . One hard copy of the complete nomination should be send to Dr R.W.A.W. (Roel) Mulder, Secretary WPSA, PO Box 31, 7360 AA Beekbergen, The Netherlands.
In case you want to send the nominations by Courier Service, please e-mail for the address (courier services cannot deliver to a PO Box).
To show how awards are utilized, those nominated must, if successful, undertake to present a report of their work at the next World’s Poultry Congress following the one at which the award was made.

International Poultry Hall of Fame

The next presentation of members for the International Poultry Hall of Fame (IPHF) will take place at the next World’s Poultry Science Congress in Paris, France in 2020.
To have enough time to prepare the election for the International Poultry Hall of Fame the nominations of individuals should start as soon as possible.
You can find the guidelines for the nomination and election procedure and the instruction sheet for the 2020 Hall of Fame selection here.
Branches with less than 100 members have the right to nominate 1 candidate. Branches with more than 100 members have the right to nominate 2 candidates for the International Poultry Hall of Fame.
If your Branch intends to nominate a candidate or candidates for the IPHF you should pay attention to the deadline for the nomination: December 31st, 2019.

Cliff D. Carpenter International Essay Competition

At the latest Board meeting, held during the Poultry Science Association (PSA) meeting in Montréal, Canada, it was decided to start the Cliff D. Carpenter International Essay competition.
Five travel awards ($2000 each) will be made available on a competitive basis to full time graduate students for attendance at the XXVI World’s Poultry Congress in Paris, France, 16-20 August 2020. The original essay of up to 2000 words should address the topic ‘The possible role of the World’s Poultry Science Association in education’. The 5 winners should come from different continents, they have to be a member in 2019 and must be between the ages of 18-30.
The details for the Cliff D. Carpenter International Essay competition are published on the website and you can download the guidelines. Deadline is 1st February 2020.

Nominating Advisory Committee (NAC)

Preparations are underway for the formation of a Nominating Advisory Committee (NAC), which committee is in charge of seeking candidates for the WPSA Board 2020-2024. The NAC will be chaired by Dr Mamduh Sifri. Branches and members can propose candidates for the offices of President, five Vice-Presidents, Secretary and Treasurer.
Further information can be found in the WPSA Constitution and By-laws (Constitution article IV-5 and By-Laws article II-8 through 11).

World's Poultry Congress 2024

The Board of the World’s Poultry Science Association (WPSA) has received three bids to organise the World’s Poultry Congress 2024. The bidding Branches are Argentina (Buenos Aires), Canada/Mexico/USA (Toronto) and South Africa (Cape Town).
In the Constitution it is stated that if there are more than two bids, an electronic vote of the Council will be conducted to pre-select two finalists (WPSA By-Laws, Article III-4).
The winner of the bid will be selected by the Council by secret ballot during the Council meeting, which will be held at WPC2020 in Paris.

59 Branches were eligible for the pre-selection, 33 branches took the opportunity to send their votes.
After receiving the ballot forms the following result was obtained:
Argentina        Buenos Aires 113 votes
Canada           Toronto           120 votes
South Africa    Cape Town     143 votes

The Canada/Mexico/USA bid and the South Africa bid therefore are selected to the final ballot during the Council meeting, 18 August 2020, Paris, France.

Updates on the above mentioned topics will be publsihed on the WPSA website under the heading !! WPC2020 !!.

   

Abstract Submission and Registration for WPC2020

Abstract submission and registration for WPC2020 are open. Click here for details.

 

Executive Committee

Secretary's Report

mulder roel

World’s Poultry Congress 2020 Paris, France
Preparations are underway for the Council meeting during the next WPC. One of the main points on the agenda of the Council meeting will be the election of the city and country for the next World’s Poultry Congress in 2024. There have been 3 bids to hold the WPC 2024. According to our Constitution and By-Laws, branches are voting which two candidates cities will be forwarded to official vote during the Council meeting. The candidate cities are: Cape Town proposed by the South Africa branch and Toronto proposed by the Canada/USA/Mexica branches.

Branches have also been informed on nomination procedures for the WPSA Paul B. Siegel Research Award; the WPSA Education Award; Inductees into The International Poultry Hall of Fame; and, for the Nominating Advisory Committee (i.e., the committee in charge of seeking candidates to serve on WPSA’s board for the years 2020-2024). For the NAC, Branches and members can propose candidate names to be considered by the NAC for service on the board. Further information and all guidelines for each of these committees are available on www.wpsa.com under WPC2020.

WPSA presence at exhibitions and conferences
In 2020, WPSA will be present during many events. Examples are the exhibitions IPPE, Atlanta, USA, VIV MEA, Abu Dhabi, UAE and Victam Asia and Animal Health and Nutrition, Bangkok, Thailand and the scientific meetings, the Mediterranean Poultry Summit, 25-27 March 2020, Cordoba, Spain and the 1st Poultry Nutrition symposium 25-26 March 2020 in Bangkok, Thailand. Information on the programmes can be found on www.mpn-wpsa.org/spain2020 and the WPSA Calendar.

Promotional materials of WPSA, the World’s Poultry Science Journal, WPC 2020 in Paris, France, symposia and conferences will be on display. We expect to meet with many members during these events. Members and all interested persons are invited to attend the events and to meet many other WPSA members and representatives.

WPSA World’s Poultry Science Journal
Starting 2020 the World’s Poultry Science Journal will be hosted and produced by Taylor and Francis Publishers.

WPSA programmes
WPSA has several programmes to support members and branches. Details on the Travel Grant programmes, the Speakers’ Bureau programme and proposals for Branch Development can be found on the WPSA website under Support. Criteria for eligibility are published together with the (different) deadlines for the individual programmes. Please follow the instructions as inaccurate, incomplete and late applications have to be rejected.

Cooperation with the organization on World Veterinary Education in Production Animal Health (WVEPAH)
The WVEPAH, a non-profit organization organizes training courses on poultry (for 3 à 4 weeks) in several countries. More details are on www.wvepah.org. All activities will also be announced on our website and in the WPS Journal.

Dr Roel Mulder

Treasurer's Report

bradley francine new

This quarter has been an active one, with much activity in Latin and South America. In October, I was pleased to attend Ovum 2019 in Lima, Peru. Prior to my arrival the Peruvians, after some years of inactivity, had reorganized their Branch. Of great assistance to me, both before and during the meeting, were Branch members Dr Eliana Icochea and Dr Alfredo Condemarin (new Branch President). With their local assistance, I was able to put together a WPSA Student Breakfast Meeting, the day before the start of Ovum 2019. 

Students from different parts of the country made their way to Lima for the event. I gave the first talk on students using WPSA for their professional development. I spoke in English, but all my slides had been translated into Spanish by Benjamin Ruiz (Watt Publishing). I also gave the history of WPSA and my personal history of working with poultry and the poultry industry. Dr Icochea spoke next, followed by Dr Condemarin, and then Dr Cobian (Pres of AMEVEA, Peru). The former President of the Mexico Branch, Dr Carlos Lopez Coello, gave an emotional short address to the students about seizing opportunities and making a lifelong career in poultry.

A nice brunch was served to the students and they ate heartily. Some of them had arisen at 2:30 AM and taken a 3 hour bus ride to be present. Even after the Programme ended and all the food was gone, the students lingered and visited with the adult poultry scientists. Those of us in the latter group, all left with full hearts.

We now have our nucleus of student members in the Peru Branch. Two have already contacted me about applying for Travel Grants. I see much promise in the revitalized Branch.

Past President Edir da Silva joined me to staff a WPSA booth at Ovum 2019. Dr Icochea secured a table for WPSA in the booth of the Scientific University of the South. The booth actually backed up to the booth of Gonzaga University in Chincha. All of their students, who had travelled to Lima, attended the WPSA Student Breakfast. So we had guardian angels in those students and their professor.

During the course of the event, I was able to meet with representatives of several Branches and collect their dues. We also met with a contingent from Cuba, who want to reactivate their Branch. In addition to members from South America, I had interactions with the Mexico Branch officers and met the new President of ANECA.

I have been contacted by many student members interested in using WPSA Travel Grants in 2020. Of course, interest in attending WPC - Paris is very high. I am delighted to be working with many of those students and their major professors.

My warmest wishes to you and your families as you celebrate your end of the year holidays.

Dr Francine Bradley, Treasurer


World's Poultry Congress 2020, Paris, France

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It is with great pleasure that the French branch of WPSA invites you to attend the 26th World Poultry Congress in Paris, from 16th to 20th August 2020. Our ambition is to prepare an attractive congress for the benefit of a large number of participants from all over the world. We will be giving special consideration to the Mediterranean and African Poultry Networks, by offering them the possibility of holding specific satellite symposia, and we are also planning to organise a symposium with FAO. As usual for a WPC, the programme will include an exhibition for companies within the Congress Centre, and we will offer a Youth programme as well as a Young Scientist programme. We plan to make the scientific programme highly interactive and interdisciplinary.

Registration: In order to insure your participation to this prestigious event, you can now register and benefit from the Early bird registration fees until December 31st, 2019. Please join us in Paris at the Palais des Congress (Porte Maillot) on August 16-20, and meet more than 3000 delegates from over 100 countries.

Submission: The WPC programme will feature object-oriented sessions integrating various approaches to address a complex challenge, and specialized sessions corresponding with the scope of our WPSA working groups. In addition, 11 plenary talks will address major issues for the poultry sector as a whole and will take place all day on Monday August 17 and on the morning of Thursday August 20. You have until December 31st 2019 as the very last day to submit your work for an oral or e-poster presentation. Please consider this as a strong deadline as there will be no date extension.

Renowned speakers from all continents of the world will be involved with WPC2020 and will speak on the following topics:

• Nutrition
• Breeding and Genetics
• Egg Quality
• Poultry Meat Quality
• Reproduction
• Hygiene and Pathology
• Waterfowl
• Poultry Welfare and Management
• Turkeys
• Education and Information
• Physiology

http://www.wpcparis2020.com/ 


Newly Compiled List of Poultry Educational Resources

In her role as one of the Vice Presidents of the WPSA, Julie Roberts from the Australian Branch has compiled a list of Poultry Educational Resources which are available free of charge via the internet. Some of the web sites listed also have resources for sale. However, the focus of this list is resources which are free and therefore available to all members.

The list is posted on the WPSA website, and will always be a ‘work in progress’ as some resources become available and added, or others, if they are out of date or no longer available, will be removed from the internet list.

If members are aware of other resources that are available that could be added to the list, please contact Mrs Dorien Velner at the main office by email: with the title of the resource, how to access it and a short description.

All entries will be checked on a regular basis to make sure that they continue to be available, however if you find any irregularities, please contact us at


European Federation

The next European Poultry Conference will be held in Valencia, Spain in 2022. A full report for EPC2018 was published in the December 2018 issue of the WPSJ.

The European Federation has numerous conferences planned between now and on into 2021. A list of most of our upcoming conferences may be found on the WPSA Calendar at www.wpsa.com
News from several European Federation Working Groups are provided below.

WPSA European Working Group News

WG2

2021 espnThe Italian Branch will host the 23rd edition of European Symposium on Poultry Nutrition (ESPN) which will be held at the Palacongressi of Rimini (Italy) from September 20-23, 2021. The city of Rimini, is an ideal place for the European Symposium on Poultry Nutrition and the modern as well as eco-friendly venue is the perfect stage for the event. Many attendees including both poultry research scientists and practitioners, leading speakers from across the world joining together to explore the past, share the present and helping to forge the future of poultry meat science. More details are already available at the symposium website: https://www.espn2021.eu/.

WG5

Poultry Meat Quality

2021 Eggmeat logo EMQThe next ‘XXV European Symposium on the Quality of Poultry Meat’ will be conjointly held with the ‘XIX European Symposium on the Quality of Eggs and Egg Products’ from June 21 to 23, 2021 in Kraków, Poland. Please visit http://www.eggmeat2021.com/ to keep yourself updated. Special reduced registration fees will be available for WPSA members and students. We will look forward to seeing all of you there. Prominent invited speakers from American and European Institutions will address emerging issues on poultry meat and egg production. A new website will be developed and registration information will be provided in the near future.


Asia Pacific Federation

The host for the upcoming 12th APPC was named during the General Meeting, and the China Branch will host that event.

2020 apf poultry nutrition symposiumThe Asia Pacific Federation is organising a Poultry Nutrition Symposium on 25 & 26 March 2020 in Bangkok, Thailand. The programme is available on the WPSA website.
For more information please contact Dr Nasir Mukhtar, 

WPSA Asian-Pacific Working Group News

A/P WG3

Ratites

There will be Ratite Research Sessions during the upcoming World Poultry Congress in Paris, France from 16-20 August 2020. Please send any suggestions for contributions and topics to .

Researchers involved in research on any Ratites (ostriches, emus, rheas, cassowaries or kiwis) are asked to contact the Ratite Group. Please send an email to: .


Anel Engelbrecht, Chair


7th Mediterranean Poulty Summit

The Mediterranean Poultry Network has planning underway for the 7th Mediterranean Poultry Summit that will be held at the University of Cordoba in Cordoba, Spain during Mach 25-27 2020. The website is: www.mpn-wpsa.org. Following are several tentative dates for you to plan for this conference.

Important Dates:

Conference Dates    March 25-27, 2020
Preliminary Notification of Abstract Acceptance   December 1, 2019
Early Bird Registration   December 21, 2019
Final Notification of Abstract Acceptance   December 21, 2019
Full Paper Submission Deadline   December 31, 2019
Registration Deadline   March 25, 2020

Carlos Garcés Narro <>


World's Poultry Science Journal

From 2020 the World’s Poultry Science Journal will be published by Taylor & Francis. If you have requested an online subscription as part of your membership, you will receive an email from Taylor & Francis before the end of the year with instructions on how to access WPSJ online from the new website www.tandfonline.com/TWPS. Please ensure that you add '@tandfonline.com' to your safe senders list to ensure these types of emails are not sent to your spam folder or blocked by your service provider. Should you have any questions about your online access please contact ”.

Upcoming articles

Articles in upcoming Journal(s)

  • E.A. Awad - Prebiotics supplementation: An effective approach to mitigate the detrimental effects of heat stress in broiler chickens
  • T.R. Kannaki - Marek's disease: Time to review the emerging threat in Indian poultry
  • J.-J. Chen - Chromolaena odorata as a potential feed additive bioresource to alleviate heat strss in chickens in the humid tropics
  • A. Salamon - The double-yolked egg: from the 'miracle of packaging' to nature's 'mistake'
  • O. Olgun - Evaluation of dietary presence or use of cadmium in poultry
  • M. Tixier-Boichard - From the jungle fowl to highly-performing chickens: are we reaching limits?

Summaries

Prebiotics supplementation: An effective approach to mitigate the detrimental effects of heat stress in broiler chickens

E.A. AWAD, I. ZULKIFLI, S. RAMIAH, E.S. KHALIL and M.E. ABDALLH

As a consequence of global warming and food security issues, heat stress has become an emerging problem. Heat stress causes huge economic losses in the broiler industry that negatively affects the production performance of chickens. Therefore, a variety of strategies have been examined for mitigating the heat stress problem. Among these strategies, the use of prebiotics has received increasing interest due to the beneficial effects of prebiotics on the health and production of heat-stressed broilers. The evidence from existing studies suggests that prebiotics can mitigate the negative effects of heat stress on broiler chickens by benefiting the intestinal microbiota, gut morphology, oxidative status, physiological stress response and subsequently growth performance of broiler chickens. For instance, prebiotics given to heat-stressed broilers at a dose as low as 0.025% have been shown to improve the feed intake, body weight gain and feed efficiency by 7.5, 9.9 and 2.3%, respectively. This review summarises the recent findings on prebiotics as an effective approach to improve the well-being, health and growth performance of broilers under heat stress conditions.

Marek’s disease: Time to review the emerging threat in Indian Poultry

T.R. KANNAKI and V. GOWTHAMAN

Marek’s disease (MD) is one of the re-emerging diseases in Indian poultry. MD outbreaks are reported from different parts of the country in spite of vaccination, causing major economic losses. Flock mortality of 10-40% was observed in vaccinated flocks during outbreaks, although MD is well controlled with vaccination. Almost 100% of the commercial poultry flocks are vaccinated at hatchery level. Bivalent (HVT+SB1 or HVT+301B/1) or monovalent (HVT) vaccines are used in India. In spite of the intensive vaccination practice, outbreaks are being reported from different parts of the world including India. MD virus (MDV) Indian field isolates from different outbreaks during last decade are categorised into virulent (vMDV) and very virulent (vvMDV) pathotypes based on different serotype 1 specific gene sequencing and in vivo pathotyping. The emergence of virulence in MDV is attributed to compromised bio-security, concurrent immunosuppressive diseases and vaccination failure. MD outbreaks in vaccinated flocks of Indian poultry flocks cause annual loss of approximately 4 crore Indian rupees. Country-wide surveillance and reporting of MD outbreaks and further characterization of the Indian field isolate should be taken as a priority. Reviewing the current vaccination strategy, and examining the need for the introduction of more effective vaccines that give better protection against the more virulent strains should be considered with equal importance along with improved bio-security measures, management practices and more effective control of immunosuppressive diseases.

Chromolaena odorata as a potential feed additive bioresource to alleviate heat stress in chickens in the humid tropics

K.A. LARTEY, D.-J. KANG, Q.-H. ZHANG, C.-Q. SHI, F. YANG, H.-Y. LIN, R. GOONERATNE and J.-J. CHEN

Chromolaena odorata contains polyphenols and antioxidant enzymes that activate biology defence mechanisms and stress-sensing transcription factors to prevent oxidative damage and heat stress in chicken. Dietary inclusions of C. odorata leaf meal at 12%, and C. odorata crude flavonoids at 400 mg/kg/d exerted competitive exclusion to enhance gut eubiosis, humoral immunity, hypoglycaemia and metabolic functions, necessary to attenuate oxidative stress in chickens. Ethanol extract of the herbal plant at 25 – 400 µg/mL showed a strong antioxidant capacity in vitro, similar to 10- 80 µg/mL standard ascorbic acid. Chromomoric acid C- 1 from C. odorata methanol extract, at 10 µg also demonstrated anti-inflammatory potential by activating Nrf2 and suppressing NF-κB in a luciferase reporter assay at inhibition capacity (IC50) of 6.9 µM. These biological defence properties of the obnoxious weed have potential to maintain gut microbial homeostasis and gut integrity, enhance antioxidative physiologies for cellular oxidative balance, and mitigate oxidative damage required to alleviate heat stress. The invading nature of the plant in the humid tropics makes it a readily available and cheap bioresource. Hepatotoxic, mutagenic and cytotoxic evaluations suggest the aerial parts of the herbal plant is a safe bioresource for animal nutrition and sub-therapeutical uses.

The double-yolked egg: from the ‘miracle of packaging’ to nature’s ‘mistake’

A. SALAMON and J.P. KENT

Double-yolked (DY) eggs were mostly described in domestic precocial species, and are rarely found in nature. It is estimated that 1-3% of domestic hen and duck eggs are DY.

DY eggs occur when two yolks are encapsulated in a single shell and therefore differ from SY eggs in their external and internal characteristics. In previous decades DY eggs were distinguished from SY eggs only by their external characteristics, and this proved to be wrong, as over 40% of DY eggs have similar external characteristics in terms of size and shape to SY eggs. The internal characteristics of DY eggs constrain their fertility. Yolks in DY eggs tend to be smaller, probably ovulated early and are thus immature, having a significant negative impact on their reproductive potential with lower fertility levels. Further, the presence of a second yolk facilitates additional albumen secretion with the size of each yolk determining the additional amount secreted. This creates a primacy effect, i.e. the first yolk in the oviduct could be fertilized, but the second may not be. The unique yolk and embryo positioning is associated with low hatchability. These factors reduce the reproductive potential of DY egg yolks individually or cumulatively. Thus the above supports the view that DY eggs are nature’s ‘mistake’ and are viewed here as an extreme end of a normal distribution of variation and is unlikely to evolve further in avian species. However, there is still potential for further non-invasive research using DY eggs, especially in studies of factors affecting fertility.

Evaluation of dietary presence or use of cadmium in poultry

O.OLGUN, A.Ö. YILDIZ and A. ŞAHIN

Cadmium is a heavy metal and non-essential for animals. In practice, cadmium toxicity is quite rare in farm animals because the level of cadmium in commercial diets is very low. However, cadmium-contaminated feedstuffs in the diet may cause toxicity. The cadmium, which is absorbed from digestive system, accumulates in the body tissues, primarily kidney and liver, and causes metabolic and physiological inconveniences in the body. Hereby, economic losses occur due to the decrease in feed intake and egg production. It will cause mortality depending on the level and duration of exposure to cadmium. The toxic level of cadmium varies according to the bird species and their ages. Chickens are more sensitive to cadmium toxicity than quails. Lower dietary cadmium doses (<10 mg/kg) have positive effects on production performance and eggshell quality, but higher doses of cadmium (>10 mg/kg) cause economic losses due to worsening productive performance and eggshell quality in poultry. Dietary zinc, selenium, vitamins and plant extracts will help to eliminate the negative consequences of cadmium contamination in feedstuff. However, further studies are needed to determine the toxic level of cadmium, and the possible positive effects of cadmium on performance and product quality when used at lower doses in poultry.

From the jungle fowl to highly-performing chickens: are we reaching limits?

M. TIXIER-BOICHARD

The cumulated effects of domestication and subsequent selection by humans have led to an impressive diversification of the chicken, at the phenotypic level as well as the genome level. In theory, selection may reach a plateau when all favourable alleles have reached fixation. Yet, current data in poultry show that selection response can still take place after 50 generations of selection or more. The mechanisms maintaining selection response in closed populations may involve recombination, mutation and epistatic interactions. Furthermore, the continuous addition of new selection criteria can delay the possible limit associated to single trait selection. Thus, selection response is mainly threatened by inbreeding which occurs as a consequence of a narrow genetic base and/or a poor management of genetic variability within the population. Biological limits are encountered when selection is degrading fitness traits to a point that the survival of individuals is affected. Biological limits induced by extreme performance can be by-passed by adapting the breeding program, introducing new selection criteria, changing the management or developing remedial technologies. Extreme situations affecting bird welfare raise ethical issues. Lameness in broilers or spontaneous bone breakage in layers are painful and one may question whether such pain is justified by the human need for protein consumption. Regulations or market requirements may be set up to limit the performance at a level which is compatible with animal welfare, resulting in a voluntary limit to selection. Furthermore, highly performing animals need a very well controlled environment with high quality diets, which may divert food resources from humans and may not be sustainable. Breeding objectives have to integrate environmental impact and robustness towards the use of alternative feed sources, in addition to production level, product quality, health and welfare status.



Branch News

Austria

Conference on November 8th, 2019 - Successful conference in Upper Austria

On the 8th November 2019, the World Poultry Science Association (WPSA) Branch Austria held its second conference titled "Feeding, housing and management – challenges for the broiler industry regarding foot pad health” in Kremsmünster, Upper Austria. To the delight of the organisers, the event was fully booked.

More than 100 participants informed themselves in an interdisciplinary context about the multitude factors that lead to foot pad lesions and measures to prevent this problem.

The speakers highlighted the topic from various perspectives: aspects of health status, management, feeding and stable climate were discussed intensively by participants from the poultry industry, feed industry, research, veterinarians and practitioners.

Univ. Prof. Dr. Martin Gierus, Chairman of the WPSA Branch Austria, was pleased about the successful conference, which was attended by guests from Switzerland, Germany, The Netherlands and Austria: "The great response to our event shows the demand for a joint exchange within the entire poultry industry and confirmed the topic selection “foot pad health” as a current issue that finds exceptionally interest. We are pleased about the great concern, that reinforces our determination to continue with activities and to follow our goals as part of the WPSA.”

Prior to this event, the Austrian Branch also launched a new website http://www.wpsa-austria.at. With this new tool, online conference registration was possible and organization and communication with all members of the Austrian Branch will be improved.

Azerbaijan

On April 26, 2019, a Scientific-Practical Seminar on ‘Current Situation and Development Perspectives of Breeding Poultry’ was held at the Scientific-Research Institute of Animal Husbandry (SRIAH) with support of WPSA.

2020 december azerbaijanThe seminar was attended by representatives of the Goygol District Executive Authorities, the Ministry of Agriculture, members of the WPSA Azerbaijan branch, experts from ASAU, the Agriculture and Plant Protection research Institute, the Zoology and Veterinary Research Institutes, poultry experts, and representatives of large poultry factories (Mususlu, Sabah, Marcan broilers, Milas Agro), and farmers.

Speakers at the seminar made extensive reports on the current state of the industry, human resources, the industry’s primary problems, potential solutions for those problems, and prospects for industry development. Questions from the participants were answered.

The seminar was devoted to the development of poultry farming in progressive ways in the republic. Although it was on the eve of nearly full provision for our country in terms of eggs and poultry production, during the seminar many issues were considered. This seminar also presented the current situation for the global poultry sector and its future trends, and discusses the challenges the poultry sector is facing.

It was noted that the lack of poultry farms in the country and the development of poultry eggs in the republic did not fully meet the poultry development programme in the republic. The creation of new Breeding Farms was also considered as the most important issue of the day in order to eliminate the lack of breeding eggs in the country.

Eggs imported from the foreign countries due to the scarcity of hatching eggs in our country, sometimes bring with them pathogens that cause diseases. Thus, the quality of hatching eggs in the republic is one of the most important issues. It was noted that there is a great need for the help of competent organizations to resolve these issues.

During the seminar, it was emphasized that the demand for poultry meat in Azerbaijan has recently been almost completely taken care of with local production. Poultry farmers, however, face some difficulties, and most importantly, lack of breeder farms in the country.

Breeder farms have been established within some poultry companies. Simply these laboratories need special laboratories to detect the genetic potential of highly productive bird crosses. State-supported test stations are needed.

At the trial testing stations, the physiological characteristics of the birds living in an area of the Republic, and their resistance to diseases, and the level of breeding in the country should be checked, and then must be provided to the poultry producers. One of the challenges facing entrepreneurs is fodder production.

It is true that factories producing feed for poultry have been built in the Balakan, Imishli and Ganja regions of the country. Accordingly, a breeder research farm should be established in the Scientific Research Institute of Animal Husbandry, and research work should be carried out in this direction, where selection and testing should be carried out. As a result, new bird crosses and lines, as well as breeds should be created, and they should be investigated to increase productivity. This work should be organized in Azerbaijan and our poultry scientists are ready for cooperation with scientists and other members of WPSA. The first problem of poultry sector in Azerbaijan is lack of breeder stock.

The most important areas for research is on those factors that decrease the cost of producing poultry, as well as on other factors that reduce other difficulties in this field, is that Azerbaijan does not have a breeding work.

It was noted that establishment of breeding farms is very costly, so it was necessary to establish breeder farms for producing hatching eggs and to support farmers with the production of healthy quality commercial chicks. It was also noted at the workshop that experience sharing should be widely used to strengthen human resources in the Breeding Farms.

The Azerbaijan branch of the World’s Poultry Science Association believes that cooperation, worldwide experience and support in breeding poultry will have positive influences on development of this field in our country.

November 18, 2019, Scientific-Practical Seminar ‘Innovative Approach in Poultry’ held at SRIAH with the support of WPSA.

On November 18, 2019 a scientific-practical seminar on ‘Innovative Approaches in Poultry’ was held at the Azerbaijan Scientific-Research Institute of Animal Husbandry of the Agrarian Science and Innovation Center through the support of the World Poultry Science Association. The seminar was attended by representatives of small and large poultry farms operating in different regions of the country, livestock farmers, ASAU students, research institutions and members of the Azerbaijan Branch of WPSA.

2020 december azerbaijan 2 2020 december azerbaijan 3
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The Director of the Scientific Research Institute of Animal Husbandry, Mahir Hajiyev, and also President of Azerbaijan’s WPSA Branch, opened the seminar referring to on-going reforms in the agricultural sector. He said that the implementation of intensive methods of meeting the population's demand for meat and meat products is of particular importance. In particular, the development of indoor and semi-enclosed poultry production as a new field for livestock production is based on modern world experience. At present, the number of birds in all economic categories in the country has exceeded 30,473,000, and the production of eggs exceeded 1 billion 676 million. Azerbaijan’s self-sufficiency for poultry production has increased significantly. . One of the important directions of scientific progress is the further development of poultry. Head of the Media Department at Agrarian Science and Innovation Center, Nicat Nasirli, spoke about the application of technological innovations in poultry, proper nutrition and marketing strategies.

Mete Turkoglu, an employee of the Igdir University of the Republic of Turkey, and Sevil Abbasguliyeva, Head of Laboratory at the Institute of Agriculture and Research, gave a presentation on innovative approaches in poultry farming. ASAU Professor and WPSA Azerbaijan Branch member, Arif Tagiyev gave the workshop participants some information about the economic importance of quail farms as a new direction for poultry farming. Rustam Gasimov, a veterinarian with Marjan Broiler LLC, stressed the importance of combating poultry diseases in captive birds. Giyas Hajiyev, Director of Mususlu Poultry LLC, stressed the importance of training qualified national personnel. As part of the workshop, the newly commissioned feed and milk analysis laboratories were reviewed at the Scientific Research Institute of Animal Husbandry, and the participants were told how this modern machinery operated.

At the end of the workshop, members of WPSA’s Azerbaijan Branch expressed their intention to promote WPSA within Azerbaijan, and to organize future high level international events about Poultry Science in our country. Members of the branch also declared Giyas Hajiyev, as a new member of Azerbaijan Branch of WPSA.

2020 december azerbaijan 6

Mahir Hajiyev, Director of the Scientific Research Institute of Animal Husbandry, and President of Azerbaijan branch WPSA,
Azerbaijan State Agrarian University, Veterinary Medicine and Zoo Engineering Faculty
e-mail: 

Brazil

FACTA held the 36th FACTA Conference, from 14-16 May 2019, at Expo D. Pedro, in Campinas (SP). This year around 350 people attended the conference, among them key opinion leaders, Professors, management level, veterinarians, students of post-graduations programmes and technicians, with relevant discussion about the present and future of the Brazilian poultry industry.

In Dourados, Mato Grosso do Sul, on 24-25 September 2019, the Ambience and Welfare in Poultry and Pig Industry Course was held, with 160 attendants. The event aimed to bring together and discuss the most updated information on animal welfare and ambience.

FACTA moved their administrative headquarters to Barão de Paranapanema Street, 146, Bosque, room 72, block A - Ed. Campinas Commercial Center. Phone: 55 19 3255-8500.

From 25-27 November 2019, FACTA will promote in Recife, Pernambuco, the event: International on incubation of eggs and Broiler.

The next FACTA Conference, 37th edition will be held from 12-14 May 2020, at Expo D. Pedro, in Campinas (SP). This year's theme will be ‘One Health’, in partnership with FENAGRA.

France

World's Poultry Congress 2020

20WPC blocmarque blocdates

WPC2020 (August, 16-20, 2020) will take place in PARIS, and will have the objective of ‘Integrating knowledge for sustainable and diversified poultry productions’. A detailed scientific programme has been developed by the international Scientific Committee. On days 1 and 4, plenary lectures will address global challenges. On days 2 and 3, parallel sessions will feature at least four multidisciplinary ‘object oriented’ sessions in the morning and up to seven specialized sessions in the afternoon. Several early sponsors are already supporting the event and further applications are welcome.

Abstract submission and early bird registration to WPC2020 opened on September 1st and will end on December 31st, 2019. See the WPC2020 website( https://www.wpcparis2020.com/ ) for detailed information.

The board of the French Branch of the WPSA, based on the success of the WPSA European Symposium on Poultry Genetics (ESPG) in 2017 decided to offer a grant of 1.500 € to the Czech Branch for the ESPG congress in Prague that was held in 2019. The board is pleased to receive the following feed-back from Pawel Trefil that the 2019 congress was a great success. Here are his words:

“Dear Dr Michele Tixier Boichard and all members of French branch of WPSA, I would like to express my gratitude to you. Our Czech branch was able to organize the ESPG 2019 in Prague with your great financial support. I am sure that you and all of your members understand, that without your help it would not have been possible to execute it. According to my feeling, the symposium was successful and I would like to express to your branch our big gratitude for your support! Thank you! The symposium in Prague was financially balanced and we are happy not to end up in red numbers!”

Those of us on the board of the French Branch of WPSA think that it is our duty to support, if possible, the other branches to continue to fulfil our own mission of disseminating the scientific progress for the poultry industry. We are really pleased to see that collaboration and brotherhood between branches can be a reality.

Christophe Bostvironnois, President, WPSA France 

Germany

The Spring Conference of the German Branch will take place on March 10 -11, 2020, jointly at the Leibniz Institute for Farm Animal Biology, Dummerstorf, and at the University of Rostock. Abstracts for poster contributions are welcome. Based on their topic and scientific achievements, up to three of the abstracts submitted will be invited for oral presentation and publication. German members will soon receive official invitations to this meeting. Foreign members who might be interested in attending are welcome to contact the branch secretary, Inga Tiemann ().

The German Branch of the WPSA took an excursion to Brittany during September 2019. Every two years, the Branch organizes such an excursion, mostly in conjunction with the occasion of international conferences that are being held. This year’s group visited the SPACE in Rennes, France. Visits were made to two organic farms, Lable Rouge and Loué chickens, which gave a broad and special insight into French poultry farming. Our thanks to the German and French organisers!

Inga Tiemann, Secretary, German Branch

Israel

The 54th Annual Poultry Science Conference of the Israeli Branch was held at the Dan Panorama Hotel in Tel Aviv on November 18-19, 2019. The conference was attended by 550 participants: scientists and students from academia and research institutes, poultry producers, veterinarians, extension specialists and professionals from commercial companies serving the poultry industry in Israel.

During the 2-day conference, 50 lectures were presented in 10 sessions covering the leading poultry science disciplines: Nutrition; Management; Environment protection; Health; Immunology; Genetics, Reproduction, Incubation and Fertility; Layers production; and Broiler production and breast meat quality. The detailed programme (in English) is available here.

The closing session ended with a lively round table discussion, focusing on the challenge of balancing the demand for broiler meat and products, with the over-production capacity of broilers in Israel.

The conference was honoured to host an overseas guest speaker, Dr M. Tixier-Boichard from France, who shared her extensive knowledge and vast experience in the field of poultry genetics and breeding.

An award of appreciation was given to Elisha Tishbi for his contributions to the field of Turkey Production and for his activities over the years in the WPSA-Israeli Branch. For the past four years, he has served as the chairperson of the Branch's audit committee.

Twenty five Israeli companies exhibited unique products for the poultry industry: including pharmaceuticals, feed additives, housing equipment, climate control, etc. The evening social activities included a lecture on current Israeli issues by a popular journalist. In addition, three students were awarded prizes for their research presentations. Twenty five council members were approved by the general assembly for the next 4 years. The new council will soon appoint new Officers and the Executive Board for the Israel branch.

Yitzhak Malka, Secretary, WPSA Israel Branch

Italy

2021 espn

The Italian Branch will host the 23rd edition of European Symposium on Poultry Nutrition (ESPN) which will be held at the Palacongressi of Rimini (Italy) from September 20th to 23rd 2021. The city of Rimini, is an ideal place for the European Symposium on Poultry Nutrition and the modern as well as eco-friendly Venue is the perfect stage for the event. Many attendees including both poultry research scientists and practitioners, leading speakers from across the world joining together to explore the past, share the present and helping to forge the future of poultry meat science. More details are already available at the Symposia website: https://www.espn2021.eu/.

This event will be launched on next year by organizing the 56th Annual Congress of the Italian Branch of WPSA in the same location (April 24th, 2020).

Massimiliano Petracci, Secretary, Italian Branch of WPSA
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Japan

The Autumn Meeting of JPSA, 2019 was held at the Iwate University in Morioka, Iwate, during 16–17 September. There were more than 120 attendees. The scientific meeting was consisted of 37 original research presentations and a mini-international symposium. A general meeting and a council meeting were also held. The council meeting was held as the joint committee meeting on September 16. The scientific talks and the general meeting were organized on September 17.

In the Autumn Meeting, the excellent presentation awards were given under the category of ‘student member’ or ‘regular member aged 30 or below’ for the following presentations: 1) “Development of anti-rabies virus nucleocapsid protein IgY by plasmid immunization” by Nanase Kubo (Kyoto Women’s University); 2) “Changes in glucose metabolism function of yolk sac membrane during development of chick embryo” by Mitsuhiro Shibata (UGSAS, Gifu University); and 3) “Changes in amino acid concentrations in broiler chickens under chronic heat-stressed condition” by Daiki Igarashi (Graduate School of Agricultural Science, Tohoku University). JPSA congratulates the presenters who achieved the excellent presentation awards in the Autumn Meeting 2019.

The mini-international symposium was held on September 17, after the original scientific presentations. It was entitled “Future prospective and issues in Japanese poultry science research – Recent update in research on the development engineering”. Dr Shusei Mizushima, Hokkaido University, made the opening remarks. Then, Dr Hong-Jian Wei from College of Veterinary Medicine, Yunnan Agricultural University, and Dr Yuki Sato from Graduate School of Medical Science, Kyushu University, offered their lectures. The titles of lectures were “Current status of local livestock and poultry genetics conservation in China” and “Chicken and quail embryos are attractive model system for experimental developmental biology”, respectively. After the lectures, a free discussion was held.

In this Meeting, the JPSA ‘Incentive Award’ was presented to Dr Daichi Miyahara, Shinshu University. His research topic was “Research about the culture methods for Chicken PGCs”. Moreover, the ‘Excellent Paper Award’ on the published papers in the Journal of Poultry Science in 2018 was presented in this meeting. Bapon Dey, Fuminori Kawabata, Yuko Kawabata, Shotaro Nishimura, and Shoji Tabata, entitled “Bitter taste sensitivity and the expression of bitter taste receptors at different growth stages of chicks”, 55 (3): 204–209, and Chuen-Yu Cheng,Wei-Lin Tu, Chao-Jung Chen, Hong-Lin Chan, Chic-Feng Chen, Hsin-Hsin Chen, Pin-Chi Tang, Yen-Pai Lee, Shuen-Ei Chen, and San-Yuan Huang, entitled “Proteomic' analysis of thermal regulation of small yellow follicles in broiler-type Taiwan country chickens”, 55 (2): 120-136 were given the awards.

The 2020 Spring Meeting of JPSA will be held at Kyoto University in Kyoto, during 27–28 March. The meeting will contain an open symposium, council and general meetings. The theme of the symposium will be “The needs of Ph.D. status in the industries”. It will be a joint symposium with Japan Animal Science Association. The detail information will be provided at JPSA website (http://jpn-psa.jp/oshirase/?lang=en).

The Journal of Poultry Science (JPS, the official journal of JPSA, Impact Factor: 0.670) always welcomes the submission of reviews and original papers. Free access to download the full-published articles in JPS is available on J-Stage (https://www.jstage.jst.go.jp/browse/jpsa), which provides an excellent opportunity for all to access the published articles.

JPSA would like to contribute to the poultry science in Japan and over the world by enhancing the international activities with the members from different countries. Thus, JPSA has a membership category for foreign citizens residing abroad as “Special International Member”. The page charges to publish their papers in the JPS will be set at a membership price. JPSA invariably welcome new members from all over the world. Please visit JPSA website (http://jpn-psa.jp/?lang=en) for further information.

Naoki Goto, Secretary of WPSA Japan Branch

Lebanon

The Lebanon Branch of WPSA held its annual meeting on October 5, 2019, at the Lancaster Hotel in Hazmieh, a suburb of Beirut, Lebanon. The meeting was attended by nearly all members as well as guests, totalling over 65 people. It was chaired by the President of the Branch, Dr Nuhad J. Daghir who welcomed the group and spoke about the upcoming conferences in Cordoba, Spain, in March 2020, and the WPC 2020, in Paris, France. He then introduced the secretary of the Branch, Dr Nada Usayran, who presented the branch’s report and the treasurer Mr. Samir Cortbawi, who presented the financial report. Both reports were unanimously approved by the members. The business meeting was then followed by the scientific program as shown below:

  1. From Farm to Fork: Assessment of Microbiological Acceptability of Skinless Chicken Breasts and antimicrobial resistance of Escherichia Coli associated with Lebanese poultry – Presented by Dr Issmat Kassem, American University of Beirut.
  2. Comparison between imported and locally produced SBM and its possible replacement with Safflower meal – Presented by Dr Mohamad Farran, American university of Beirut
  3. Industry Presentations:
    • Mr. Elie Srour from SHD, sal: Solvent extracted Soybean meal.
    • Mr. Mohamad Sinno from ZM Vegetable Oil industries, sal: High oil SBM

Presentations were followed by a discussion which lasted for one hour on all the topics presented and then all those attending were invited to lunch at the Hotel which was sponsored by SHD, one of the participating companies.

Dr Nadad Usayran, Branch Secretary

South Africa

2019 december SA 2The South African branch held its annual Scientific Day on 30 October 2019. The theme was ‘Enhancing Poultry Production,’ and the programme was started by Izaak Breitenbach, the general manager of the Broiler Organisation of the South African Poultry Association. He discussed the latest figures on imports and local production, and he presented his calculations on the necessary tariffs to keep the local Industry afloat. Those tariffs have been incorporated into the Poultry Master Plan.

We were fortunate to have a number of international speakers. Prof Richard Ducatelle from the University of Ghent, and Dr Wolfgang Siegert from the University of Hohenheim, each gave two presentations. Prof Ducatelle discussed the area of gut microbiota, and Dr Siegert talked about the role of glycine and serine as well as phytate degradation and phytase efficiency. Edward Diehl, from Cobb in the Netherlands, made another presentation on the latest developments in broiler nutrition. The day was also made richer by a local speaker, Rick Kleyn, and we enjoyed feedback and presentations from 4 local University students who presented results of their own research projects.

The branch also organized a successful Youth Programme, where the top students from local Universities had a 3 day tour of Poultry Facilities, their last day being spent attending the Scientific day (see pic). Attendance for the Scientific day was at a record high of 375 people.

2019 december SA 1

We sincerely thank all of our sponsors for this successful Scientific Day event.

Nicola Tyler, Secretary, South African branch

Sri Lanka

The Annual General Meeting of the Sri Lanka Branch was held on 27th September 2019, and the new committee took up office with Dr Vipula Dharmawardene as President. On the same day, the Annual Scientific Sessions & Industrial Evening were held at the Upper Crystal Ball Room, Hotel Taj Samudra, in Colombo.

Dr Ruwani Kalupahana served as the Chairperson for the Scientific Sessions.

Seven papers were presented as follows:

  • Antibiotic resistance patterns of Escherichia coli isolated from chicken meat.
  • Detection of ESBL producing E. coli from local chicken and related products ;preliminary results of an ongoing study.
  • Efficacy of locally developed SPA antigen and In-House ELISA comparing kits for screening of Mycoplasma gallisepticum in poultry.
  • Effect of Bitter Gourd seeds on Egg yolk colour in the Hyline strain of White Leghorn laying hens.
  • Effects of Dietary Active Dried Yeast and a phytogenic growth promoter on production performance, nutrient digestibility, visceral organ weights and serum lipid profile of broiler chicken.
  • Quality attributes of jerky prepared with different forms of chicken meat.
  • The Impact of Biochar on Phosphorus losses from three types of broiler litter material.

Industrial Evening

2019 december Sri lanka 1The Chief Guest for this occasion was Dr Roel Mulder, the Secretary General of WPSA.

Dr Mrs Renuka Jayatissa, Head of the Nutrition Department, Medical Research Institute, Consultant Medical Nutritionist, and President Sri Lanka Medical Nutrition association gave the Keynote Address on the theme: ‘Farm to Table – Quality Assurance of poultry products’.

The highlight of the Evening was the awarding of an Honorary Life membership in the World’s Poultry Science Association’s Sri Lanka branch to Dr Chin How Cheong, who is the Founder of the branch.

Dr Mrs A L Godwin, Secretary, Sri Lanka Branch

United Kingdom

The 33rd Poultry Science Symposium: ‘Pre and probiotics, nutrition, veterinary and production perspectives.’ will be held at Clare College, University of Cambridge, UK on 10 -12 August 2020.

The UK branch invites you to an interesting and current programme of world leading experts, that will discuss the nutritional, veterinary and production perspectives for the use of pre- and probiotics in poultry production. The scientific committee has arranged an exciting programme. The symposiums intention is to provide a thorough look at the antibiotic free sector from various perspectives, followed by good discussions about what we can do as professionals to maintain good gut and overall bird health. Topics will include an overview of AGPs, how they work and the challenges that occur in their absence, thorough definitions of additives in the pre and probiotic space and examples of how those probiotics work. How to test them, and how they interact with other additives will also be discussed, learning from our own and allied sectors. Poster submissions on related topics will be invited, with the submission portal opening on 1st January 2020. Further information, speakers and session information can be found at https://www.wpsa2020.org/. We look forward to seeing you there!

New Opportunity: The GD Rosen Academic Career Advancement Award

The UK branch is pleased to announce a new Academic Career Advancement Award in memory of Professor Gordon D Rosen. Gordon contributed a highly logical and very descriptive approach to animal nutrition from the 1960s through to just a few years before his death in 2015. A full obituary for him is available in volume 71 of World’s Poultry Science Journal. He was an inspirational person whose curiosity and gently framed yet penetrating questions made him a legend. There is a generation of scientists influenced by his presence – always in the front row – of scientific meetings, and now his wife Vanda would like to encourage other scientists to develop their own inquisitiveness through this new award.

The GD Rosen Academic Career Advancement Award provides £2000 each year to fund an academic adventure. With this aim, the award is open in nature, while particularly encouraging people to become multidisciplinary in their approach to research. The award is open to UK branch members who are within their early career spanning from 2 years to 5 years post PhD viva. Examples of proposals might include a request to attend an academic conference (particularly one outside your core field), support for an educational tour of another country or global region, support to visit another institution to learn a new technique or approach, or support to publish a major research output in a journal requiring publication fees.

Proposal forms and conditions of the GD Rosen Award can be found on the WPSA-UK website.
DEADLINE FOR APPLICATIONS: 30th January 2020

Dr Emily Burton
Associate Professor in Sustainable Food Production
School of Animal, Rural and Environmental Sciences
Nottingham Trent University, Brackenhurst Campus
Nottingham NG25 0QF, United Kingdom
Office phone: +44 (0)115 848 5346
Mobile phone: +44 (0)773 9988022

USA

The USA Branch has again conducted the Cliff Carpenter Student Essay Contest for providing financial support for 3 winning students to attend the 2020 World’s Poultry Congress in Paris, France. The Branch will also be providing Travel Grants for USA Branch members to attend WPC2020 who will be making oral or poster presentations.Dr Bob Buresh, Secretary, USA Branch

 

Volume 55, September 2021  Newsletter Editor: Dr G.B. Havenstein,  

 

wpc2022 postponed

 

 

Executive Committee

Secretary's Report

mulder roel

The World’s Poultry Congress is postponed to 7-11 August 2022. On 10 August 2021, the day of the official opening of the Congress when hold this year, a webinar was organized by the WPC team to celebrate 100 years of World’s Poultry Congresses. During the webinar the names of the inductees of the International Poultry Hall of Fame - Prof Achille Franchini, Italy, Prof Rob Gous, South Africa, Prof Hafez Mohamed Hafez, Germany, Dr Gerald Havenstein, USA and Dr Bob Pym, Australia- and the winners of the Paul Siegel Research award – Prof Samuel Aggrey, USA- and WPSA Education award – Prof Kokou Tona, Togo- were announced. The official award session will take place in Paris 2022. The webinar can be watched here.

During WPC2022 also the next Council meeting is planned. Official voting will be for members of the WPSA board and for the city and country of the next World’s Poultry Congress. Branches will be informed about procedures and time schedules later this year.

Travel restrictions still exist but the first signs that parts of the world re-opens for meetings and exhibitions are visible. Nevertheless as we have discovered the possibilities of online meetings, several national branch and international scientific meetings are online. On September 1, 2021, there was a Virtual Leadership Conference focusing on Africa. Speakers on behalf of WPSA were Mrs Comfort Acheampong, Ghana and Mr Peter van Horne, The Netherlands.

The One-Health conference (8-9 September organized by the Pakistan branch) and webinars to be hold by many other branches are the examples.

More communications and other news can be found on the WPSA Facebook page (https://www.facebook.com/wpsa.world/) and website. A special calendar is now reserved for webinars from associations and our supporting sponsors and advertisers. New activities can be sent to .

Dr Roel Mulder, General Secretary

Treasurer's Report

bradley francine new

From a professional standpoint, this quarter has been very quiet. It was another summer without the usual in-person scientific society events that we all anticipate. It was a true gift that the organizers of the World’s Poultry Congress 2020, developed a webinar celebrating the Centenary of the World Poultry Congress.
The webinar definitely got the viewer in the mood for next summer’s long anticipated Congress in Paris. My personal congratulations to all of the new members of the International Poultry Hall of Fame. In addition to the esteemed Dr Hafez, I was delighted to see my former WPSA Board Members (Drs Franchini, Gous, Havenstein, and Pym) inducted.
During the webinar, Dr Mulder also announced that Dr Samuel Aggrey was the first recipient of the Paul Siegel Research Award. Well done, Dr Aggrey. As a member of the United States of America Branch of WPSA, I was so proud that the Research Award now bears the name of Dr Siegel. However, I know that Dr Siegel’s many former students, colleagues, and friends around the world will argue that he is truly a ‘global’ member of WPSA!
Slowly I am seeing organizations and societies start to announce their 2021 in-person meetings. I leave you with the wish that we all will be traveling during the coming year, and that we will be able to personally greet each other at our favourite meetings, conferences, and at the World’s Poultry Congress.

Dr Francine Bradley, Treasurer

26th World's Poultry Congress

Palais de Congrès, August 7-11, 2022, Paris, France

wpc2021 100On 10 August 2021, a special webinar took place online to celebrate the Centennial Anniversary of WPC and launch the 26th WPC. The event was a success with 762 unique connections during the live event and 1875 views as replay.

The Secretary General of WPSA, Dr Roel Mulder, the President of the 26th WPC, Dr Michèle Tixier-Boichard, and the Chairman of the Scientific Committee, Dr Michel Duclos, chaired the meeting from a studio at the ‘Palais des Congrès de Paris’.

The session started with a talk from the President of WPSA, Dr Ning YANG, online from Beijing. Two keynote speakers then addressed major challenges for the poultry sector:

- Dr Les SIMS (Asia Pacific Veterinary Information Services Pty Ltd): Control and prevention of avian influenza in a post-COVID-19 world - time to reconsider the role of vaccination

- Dr Anne MOTTET (FAO): Sustainability in the global poultry sector and opportunities for agroecological transitions

The Secretary General then presented the WPSA awards.

Five colleagues were distinguished for the International Poultry Hall of Fame: Dr Achille Franchini (Italy), Dr Rob Gous (South Africa), Dr Hafez M. Hafez (Germany), Dr Gerald B. Havenstein (USA), Dr Robert A.E. Pym (Australia).
Pre-recorded videos prepared by Eddy Decuypere, for the WPSA Education Award, by Werner Bessei and Todd Applegate, for the WPSA Paul B. Siegel Research Award, completed the presentation. The recipients were respectively Dr Kokou TONA (Togo) and Dr Samuel E. Aggrey (USA).

20WPC blocmarque blocdatesThose recipients who were able to connect online addressed their thanks to the association for these distinctions.

An original video reminding the history of WPC from the first congress in The Hague, The Netherlands 1921 to the last event in Beijing, China 2016 was then presented. The countries and the people organising these events were thus highlighted and the dynamics of the Poultry Science community was celebrated.

Dr Michèle Tixier-Boichard then closed the webinar and announced the following events, a series of webinars from September 2021 until June 2022 and the face-to-face event in Paris, 7-12 August 2022. She finally thanked all those who supported the organisation of those events and especially the early sponsors for their continuous support despite the two successive postponements of the 26th WPC, and formulated her deep wish to meet all members in Paris 2022.

The webinar can be viewed as replay on the WPC website.

Christophe Bostvironnois, President French Branch
Michael Duclos, Secretary, French Branch
Michèle Tixier Boichard, WPC2020, Chair of WPC2021

International Poultry Hall of Fame

For WPC2022 the following distinguished poultry scientists were selected to the International Poultry Hall of Fame. The official recognition of inductees will take place during the World’s Poultry Congress, 7-11 August 2022.

Achille Franchini

Professor Achille Franchini (Italy)

IPHF 2020 franchiniAchille Franchini, graduated in Veterinary Medicine and specialized in Avian Pathology. He spent his entire academic career at University of Bologna, and he was Full Professor of Poultry Science at the Faculty of Agriculture for over 20 years (1988-2012). During this period, Prof. Franchini served as Head of several key research infrastructures, such as ‘Animal Breeding Institute’ (1996-2000), ‘Research Centre on Technology and Hygiene of Intensively Reared Small Animal Species’ (2006-2012), and ‘Department of Food Science’ (2001-2006 and 2009-2012). Prof. Franchini began making contributions toward understanding relationship between nutrition and health in avian species when he was still studying for his Master’s degree, and he continues for more than forty years with the publication of more than 200 scientific publications in the field of poultry science with special emphasis on: i) effect of vitamins, as antioxidant components of diet, on some cellular functions of the immune system and performance in broilers and turkeys; ii) feeding strategies for improving nutritive quality of poultry meat and eggs; iii) molecular characterization of food-borne pathogens (Salmonella and Campylobacter); iv) phenotypic and genotypic studies on antibiotic resistance in Salmonella typhimurium; and v) control of Salmonella in poultry by competitive exclusion and dietary supplementation of organic and inorganic acids. He was also among the first Italian animal scientists to understand the importance of joining international research networks and developing participation to EU funded projects. Indeed, he joined the European FLAIR project ‘Prevention and control of potentially pathogenic microorganisms in poultry and poultry meat processing’, and he was a member of the Management Committee of COST Action 97 – ‘Pathogenic microorganisms in poultry and eggs’ (1994 to 2000) and COST Action 920 ‘Foodborne zoonosis: a coordinated food chain approach’ (2001-2006). Prof. Franchini also participated in EU projects such as CAMPYCHECK, POULTRYFLORGUT and RESCAPE. He also promoted the formation of Alma Food - Integrated Research Team at University of Bologna and as a member of the board, he chaired the National Technology Platform ‘Italian Food for Life’ as a reference point for research in the Life Science area and main partners for the European Technology Platforms. From the beginning of his career, Prof. Franchini was a very active member of Scientific Societies in the poultry sector. From 1979 to 1985, he joined the Board of the Italian Society for Avian Pathology, and in 1980 he was one of the founders of the ‘Avian Immunological Study Group’. However, most of his career was dedicated to the World's Poultry Science Association. In 1999, he promoted as member of the Board of the Italian Branch and as chair of the organizing committee, the organization of the XIV European Symposium on the Quality of Poultry Meat & VIII European Symposium on the Quality of Eggs and Egg Products, which was held in Bologna. In 2003, he was elected as President of Italian Branch of the WPSA, and he strongly promoted internationalization of the activities of the Italian Branch. Annual meetings of Italian Branch started to host several foreign researchers. In addition, special technical meetings, where especially poultry industry people went to learn about latest developments, were organized by inviting the most relevant scientists. Before his mandate, Italian Branch was only partially involved in the organization of International Congress, while in the following years several conferences have been held in Italy (XII European Poultry Conference, VIII Poultry Welfare Symposium, Incubation and Fertility Research Group Meeting, VIII European Symposium on Poultry Genetics, XXI European Symposium on the Quality of Poultry Meat & XV European Symposium on the Quality of Eggs and Egg Products). Before EPC2006, he served as President of the European Federation (2006-2010). During his mandate, he gave high impulse to reinforce the activities of WG’s within European Federation and to strengthen further the role of the European Federation within World's Poultry Science Association. He was also one of the founding members of the Mediterranean Poultry Network. He was also national member of WG5 ‘Poultry Meat Quality’ for almost 20 years.

Rob Gous

Professor Rob Gous (South Africa)

gous robAfter an academic career spanning 37 years, Dr Rob Gous retired from the University of KwaZulu-Natal, South Africa, in 2007 and is now an Emeritus Professor and Senior Research Fellow at that university. He continues to conduct research and supervise postgraduate students, his research interests being in the development of simulation models for growing broilers, turkeys and pigs, and for laying hens and broiler breeders. His career ticks all the boxes associated with the aims of the World’s Poultry Science Association. He was involved in university education for 37 years, teaching all aspects of poultry science to undergraduate students and then supervising many during their postgraduate training. He has also assisted in the training of postgraduate students in Brazil, Australia, the Netherlands, and the USA. He has published the results of his research extensively in the scientific literature, receiving many accolades and awards for the work he has done. The simulation models that he has developed are being used around the world in both industry and for teaching purposes at universities. He was instrumental in overturning the conventional wisdom related to the lighting of broiler breeder pullets and hens, and as a result of the practical research that he has conducted, he has been invited to many conferences and meetings around the world. He has spent much of his academic life assisting in ensuring that the WPSA remains active and relevant – he chaired the South African Branch of the WPSA for over 20 years and was a Vice-President of the World Branch of the WPSA for four terms, during one of which he was the Senior Vice-President.

Hafez M. Hafez

Professor Dr Hafez Mohammed Hafez (Germany)

HafezProf. Dr H.M. Hafez was born in 1947 in Egypt. He conducted his studies of veterinary medicine at the Veterinary Faculty of the University of Egypt in Cairo. Between 1971 and 1975 he worked as a scientific assistant at the Institute for Poultry Disease at the same University and subsequently gained his degree as a Master of Veterinary Science. In 1981, he was given the doctoral degree at the Justus-Liebig University in Giessen, Germany. From 1981 to 1985 he served at the Diagnostic State lab in Stuttgart, and in 1987 he was promoted to a leader position of the poultry and virology unit of this institution. In 1994, he submitted his dir. habilitatus (Dr med. vet. habil.) thesis at the department of Poultry Diseases, the Ludwig Maximilians University of Munich, Germany, and achieved the degree for the field of poultry diseases and hygiene at the same university. Since 1996, he is honour professor at University of Hohenheim, and since 2009 at the Alexandria University in Egypt. In 1997, he moved to Berlin after being hired as a full professor for poultry diseases and served as the director of the Institute of Poultry Disease of the Free University of Berlin, Germany, for many years. In March 2016, he officially retired but continued to serve the University as a guest professor at the Institute of Poultry Diseases until today. Professor Hafez is a Certified Specialist for Poultry diseases since 1982, for Microbiology since 1989, and Animal Hygiene since 1996. He was recognized as a Diplomate for Veterinary Public health (EDVPH) in 2005, and later in 2009 as a Diplomate of the European College of Poultry Veterinary Science (ECPVS), for which he was also a founding member and one of the past presidents. Furthermore, he is engaged in the World Veterinary Poultry Association (WVPA), for which he was elected as a president in 2005. Professor Hafez is well known as the organizer of the International Symposia on Turkey Diseases as well as Turkey Production, which he hosted for many years. In 2019, he hosted the 13th ‘Hafez’ International Symposium on Turkey Diseases in Berlin. With his personal engagement within the WPSA, nationally within the German group but also internationally as chair of working group 10 (turkeys) of the European Branch of the WPSA, he can be recognized as an international poultry specialist with outstanding professional performance in the field. Professor Hafez is considered as an internationally known and frequently consulted poultry specialist. He was recognized for his achievement by being awarded a variety of prices. To name a few: the Karl-Fritzsche-Award for the area of infection medicine of the Germany Veterinary Society e.V. (DVG) in 1993, or repeated awards from the agricultural academy of the Veterinary University of Wroclaw, Poland in 2000 and 2002. He showed a significant engagement in postgraduate education and supported more than 80 doctoral students, and participated as a PI or Co-PI in many national and international research projects. His professional network is exceptional, with connections to many countries worldwide. During the last years, his research focused on not only bacterial diseases of poultry and welfare aspects, but also addressed poultry diseases of international importance such as Avian Influenza. He contributed to the knowledge and understanding of poultry diseases and the field of poultry sciences with over 300 publications and countless lectures and presentations at national and international conferences.

Gerald Havenstein

Dr Gerald B. Havenstein (USA)

HavensteinDr Havenstein received his B.S. in Agriculture (focusing on Poultry Science) in 1961 from Kansas State University. He then moved to Madison, WI to acquire his M.S. and Ph.D. degrees (1966) in the Department of Genetics from the University of Wisconsin. Following a year as instructor of Genetics at the University of Wisconsin, he joined Heisdorf & Nelson (H&N), a major global egg-type breeding company, as staff geneticist. After serving H&N for 10 years, he was named their Director of Genetics Research in 1976. In 1986, Dr Havenstein was chosen to serve as the Department Chair for the Department of Poultry Science at Ohio State University. During his last year in that position, he also served as the Chair and Interim Assistant Director of the Ohio Agricultural Research and Development Center in Columbus and Wooster, Ohio. In early 1989, he was offered Head of the Department of Poultry Science at North Carolina State University where he served until 2005. He spent the next 3 years at NCSU on a half-time basis publishing several research papers with faculty colleagues. He also developed and published a ‘History of the Department of Poultry Science and other Poultry Related Programs at North Carolina State University, 1881-2010’, which summarized poultry related research, teaching, and extension accomplishments at the university. Dr Havenstein has authored and co-authored approximately 160 peer reviewed journal articles and other publications. Most were published during the 20 years he served as University Department Head. One of the publications that he and his colleagues authored and published in 2003 was honoured as being one of the most cited papers ever published in the journal Poultry Science (Growth, livability and feed conversion of 1957 versus 2001 broilers when fed representative 1957 and 2001 broiler diets; G.B. Havenstein, P.R. Ferket and M.A. Qureshi; Poultry Science (2003) 82:1500-1508). Throughout his career, Dr Havenstein has been actively involved in the World’s Poultry Science Association, several state Poultry Associations, the Poultry Science Association, the Poultry Breeders of America, and the U.S. Poultry & Egg Association (formerly known as the Southeastern Poultry & Egg Association). He served on the Board of the USA Branch of the WPSA and as its President from 1998 to 2004. He also served as Vice President on the Board of WPSA from 2008-2012. Since 2007, he has served as the editor for the quarterly newsletter of the WPSA, which serves as the primary method of effective communication between the organization and its global branches and membership. Attendance and participation in international conferences and congresses were real highlights for Dr Havenstein. He attended seven World Poultry Congresses (New Orleans, Rio de Janeiro, Amsterdam, Montreal, New Delhi, Istanbul and Brisbane), several European Poultry Conferences, and other WPSA conferences organized by the European Poultry Working Groups. He also attended at least 12 Turkey Conferences hosted in the U.K. by Turkeys Magazine.

Bob Pym

Dr Robert (Bob) A.E. Pym (Australia)

IPHF 2020 pymDr Robert Pym graduated with a Bachelor of Rural Science from the University of New England, Armidale, Australia in 1965. He then joined the New South Wales Department of Agriculture as a Livestock Research Officer in poultry genetics at the Poultry Research Station at Seven Hills in Sydney. Over the next 19 years, his research focussed on genetic and physiological aspects of feed utilisation efficiency and body composition of meat chickens. His work on feed efficiency was instrumental in the adoption of direct selection for food utilisation efficiency initially by Australian poultry breeding companies, and subsequently had a major impact on feed efficiency selection by a significant number of the large international breeders. His MSc in 1971 (University of New South Wales) and PhD in 1977 (University of New England) were both focussed on this area of study. In 1984, Bob moved from Seven Hills to the University of Queensland in Brisbane, where he was appointed Senior Lecturer in Poultry Science in the School of Veterinary Science. His research continued in the above areas until the mid-1990s. Bob’s novel selection ideas and his open sharing of his results have been acknowledged as having had a substantial impact upon the carbon footprint and the economic viability of the global broiler industry. In the late 1970s, Bob developed an interest in small-scale family poultry farming in developing countries and over the years since then has been involved in courses and development projects in a number of countries including Indonesia, South Africa, The Philippines, Cambodia, Myanmar and Lao PDR. This led to a sabbatical with FAO in Rome in 2005, during which time he worked closely with FAO personnel involved in support of small-scale family poultry farmers in developing countries, culminating in a major programme and workshop in this area at the 23rd World’s Poultry Congress in Brisbane in 2008. He was one of the driving forces behind the establishment of the 1st Working Group of the World’s Poultry Science Association’s (WPSA) Asian Pacific Federation on Small-scale family poultry farming and organised the Asian Pacific Federation working group symposium on Avian Influenza and Small-scale Family Poultry Farming in Bangkok in March 2007, to coincide with the 8th Asian Pacific Poultry Conference. Up until his retirement from the University of Queensland in December 2008, Bob lectured to Veterinary and Agricultural Science students on poultry husbandry, genetics and breeding, monogastric nutrition, poultry reproduction and monogastric production systems. He has supervised some 23 successful postgraduate candidatures (12 PhDs), in a range of areas. He has published widely in the above research areas and has been invited to speak at numerous international conferences and meetings since the early 1980s. Bob was President of the Australian Branch of WPSA from 1993 to 2009, was a member of the Australian Egg Industry Research and Development Council from 1989 to 1998 and was the recipient of the Australian Poultry Award in 1995. He has been periodically Editor of the annual Australian Poultry Science Symposium since 1998 and has been on the International Editorial Board of the World’s Poultry Science Journal since 1990. In 2000, he headed the successful bid for the 23rd World’s Poultry Congress and was Chair of the Congress which was held in Brisbane from 30 June to 4 July 2008, where he was elected President of WPSA. Over the subsequent four-year term of his WPSA presidency to 2012, Bob promoted the role of WPSA in facilitating efficient and sustainable poultry production in developing countries through information transfer and improvements in capability and communications. He was instrumental in the formation of the African Poultry Network and has continued his close involvement in promoting the development of the poultry industry and research and teaching capability throughout Africa. As a reflection of this involvement, at the 1st African Poultry Summit in Abeokuta, Nigeria in 2011, Bob was presented with an ‘Outstanding Leadership Award’ plaque by the Nigerian branch of WPSA ‘In Recognition of your Contribution to the Development of the Poultry Sector in Africa’. Bob coordinated and contributed extensively to the major revision of the WPSA Constitution and By-Laws, undertaken by the WPSA Board in 2010. As immediate Past-President of WPSA from 2012 to 2016, Bob continued to promote the development of poultry science in developing countries, through the organisation of meetings, securing financial support for identified key developing country poultry scientists to attend focus meetings, advocating for and securing the opportunity for older WPSA scientists from developing countries to obtain financial support to attend WPSA conferences and meetings, personal attendance and presentations at WPSA-organised seminars and conferences in developing countries, and direct involvement in poultry development projects in developing countries. He was appointed chair of the WPSA Board’s Africa Actions sub-committee in 2013.

WPSA Awards

To mark the success of the 1992 World’s Poultry Congress in Amsterdam, the Netherlands Branch of the World’s Poultry Science Association established a series of special scholarship awards. The awards, worth €11,000 (currently about US$12,500) are normally made in each of three categories representing the WPSA’s three main areas of activity: Research, Education and Industry/Organization. The Foundation decided to give its final award during the World’s Poultry Congress in Paris, France in 2022 and asked WPSA to sponsor future awards. WPSA accepted and renamed the Research Award, the Paul Siegel Research Award. The Paul Siegel Research Award went to Professor Samuel Egyir Aggrey (USA), and the Education award went to Professor Kokou Tona (Togo). No awards were made this year in the category Industry/Organization. The official recognition of the awardees will take place during the World’s Poultry Congress, 7-11 August 2022.

Paul Siegel Research Award

aggreyFor two decades, Professor Samuel (Sammy) Egyir Aggrey (University of Georgia, Athens, USA) has conducted basic and fundamental research in quantitative, molecular and cellular aspects of feed and nutrient utilization in meat type (broiler) chickens. The biological measure of feed efficiency, residual feed intake (RFI) was introduced in 1965 and remained a black box for over a half a century because it combined the efficiency of maintenance and efficiency of growth into one component. Professor Aggrey dissected the components of RFI, delineated what had been a black box, and offered additional tools for genetic improvement. Based on the molecular dissection of feed efficiency, it became apparent that feed efficiency is highly related to protein (nitrogen) utilization efficiency. Whereas mammals use the ornithine cycle for nitrogen recycling, avian species use the purine biosynthesis pathway. Professor Aggrey showed that chickens use both the purine biosynthesis and the salvage pathways to recycle dietary nitrogen and further offered the molecular mechanisms utilized by both feed-efficient and inefficient birds in nitrogen recycling. Professor Aggrey has also been developing biomarkers for heat stress, coccidian infection and gut health in the era of antibiotic free production. Professor Aggrey co-edited ‘Poultry Genetics, Breeding and Biotechnology’ and was the lead editor for ‘Advances in Poultry Genetics and Genomics’.

Education Award

tonaProf. Kokou Tona started his research career after completing his MSc in Tropical Animal Production at the Institute of Tropical Medicine Prince Leopold, Antwerpen, Belgium in 1998. Having completed his PhD in Applied Biological Sciences at the Catholic University of Leuven, Belgium, Prof. Tona has gone through the ranks at the University of Lomé and became a full Professor since 2015. Having played a pivotal role in securing a World Bank grant for the establishment of the Regional Centre of Excellence in Avian Sciences (CERSA) at the University of Lomé, Prof. Tona became the Director of the Centre, which has made tremendous impacts in the region, focusing on Masters, PhD and short course programmes of over 180, 60 and 1000 students, respectively, from about 13 countries in Western, Central and Eastern Africa. The vision of the Centre is to develop and improve capacity building in the agricultural sector in general and in the poultry industry in particular, in order to consolidate food security in West Africa. Prof. Tona has been instrumental in developing a functional curriculum for the Centre, which has received international accreditation for the Masters programme. The research of Prof. Tona has focussed on the following: avian physiology; technical knowledge of hatchery management and day-old chick production on industrial scale; improvement of poultry production through adapted management practices in sub-Saharan Africa; and development of the Tona-scoring system for measuring one-day-old chick quality. He developed a renowned method of chick quality scoring in the year 2003, which has been accepted globally. He has also been involved in the development of short course modules for poultry industry and implementation in West African countries, training poultry industry stakeholders in different countries, advisor and monitoring for poultry industry stakeholders in the sub-region. organization of poultry symposiums in Togo having attendance from different countries, and Organization of the first Pan-African Poultry Conference in 2019 (PPC 2019). Prof. Tona has over 100 articles published in reputable journals to date. He has successfully supervised numerous undergraduate, Masters, PhD, and Postdoctoral students. He established the Togo WPSA branch in 2007 and also successfully hosted several international conferences in Togo. The award will further enable him support for development of the Bioethics and Animal Welfare Masters programme.

Cliff D. Carpenter International Essay Competition

At the 2019 Board meeting held during the Poultry Science Association (PSA) meeting in Montréal, Canada, it was decided to start the Cliff D. Carpenter International Essay competition. For the XXVI World’s Poultry Congress in Paris, France in 2022, five travel awards of US$2,000 each will be made available on a competitive basis to full time graduate poultry science students. The original essay of up to 2000 words addressed the topic ‘The possible role of the World’s Poultry Science Association in education’.

The official recognition of the awardees will take place during the World’s Poultry Congress, 7-11 August 2022.

For WPC2022, the winners of the Cliff D. Carpenter International Essay Competition are:

Brooke C. Bodle (USA)
Marcos Antonio Nascimento Filho (Brazil)
Velusamy Madhupriya (India)
Andrea Azucena Rubio Molina (USA)
Micaela Sinclair-Black (South Africa)

Poultry Educational Resources

In her role as one of the Vice Presidents of the WPSA, Julie Roberts from the Australian Branch has compiled a list of Poultry Educational Resources which are available free of charge via the internet. Some of the web sites listed also have resources for sale. However, the focus of this list is resources which are free and therefore available to all members.

The list is posted on the WPSA website, and will always be a ‘work in progress’ as some resources become available and added, or others, if they are out of date or no longer available, will be removed from the internet list.

If members are aware of other resources that are available that could be added to the list, please contact Mrs Dorien Velner at the main office by email: with the title of the resource, how to access it and a short description.

All entries will be checked on a regular basis to make sure that they continue to be available, however if you find any irregularities, please contact us at

 

European Federation

The European Federation has numerous conferences planned between now and on into 2023. A list of most of our upcoming conferences may be found on the WPSA Calendar at www.wpsa.com
News from several European Federation Working Groups are provided below.

WPSA European Working Group News

WG2

Nutrition

espnIn order to avoid overlapping with WPC in 2022, ESPN will take place at the same planned venue, Palacongressi in Rimini, from 21 to 24 June, 2023. Our Branch would like to thank again VET International and Palacongressi of Rimini for their cooperation and understanding during this time. The city of Rimini, is an ideal place for the European Symposium on Poultry Nutrition and the modern as well as eco-friendly Venue is the perfect stage for the event. Many attendees including both poultry research scientists and practitioners, leading speakers from across the world joining together to explore the past, share the present and helping to forge the future of poultry meat science.

WG3

Breeding and Genetics

The European Symposium on Poultry Genetics has been postponed to 8-10 November 2023. It will take place at the Maritim Airport Hotel in Hannover.

WG5

Poultry Meat Quality

Following the decision of the Organizers of WPC2022 to value and accept the abstracts received in 2019, and as well as to bridge the centenary of the WPC and the 26th WPC in August 2022, WG5 is organizing a webinar on next 12 October 2021. The two sessions will be held from 11:00 to 12:30 CET and 14:00 to 15:30 CET by including abstracts submitted respectively on ‘Construction of meat quality’ and ‘Meat processing’ topics.

2023 eggmeat logoAs for all European Symposia, the XXV European Symposium on the Quality of Poultry Meat conjointly held with the XIX European Symposium on the Quality of Eggs and Egg Products have been postponed to 2023, thanks to the cooperation of the Polish Branch. Those Symposia will be held from 8 to 10 September 2023 at the same venue as previously planned in Kraków, Poland, and the website is already available for those Symposia. Our next WG5 member Meeting will be held during World's Poultry Congress 2022 in Paris.

Massimiliano Petracci, Secretary Italian Branch of WPSA

WG6

Incubation and Fertility Research Group (IFRG)

Due to the current situation and uncertainties, especially for international travelling, the 2021 meeting will be held in virtual format.

The Incubation and Fertility Research Group (IFRG) invites you for the upcoming IFRG E-meeting, which will be held on the 14th and 15th of October, 2021. For each day we will have a meeting during 13:00h to 15:30h Central European Time (UTC +2).

The IFRG meeting provides an ideal platform for researchers and industry people to meet and share the latest research findings, new indeas and information. Although the pandemic situation prevents us to achieve the full benefit of a physical meeting, we hope to sustain the goals of the group with the E-meeting. Due to the limited time of the meeting, the focus of the meeting wil be relating to Fertility, Embryonic development, Egg incuation, Epigenetics and Chick quality.

We as organizing committee are exited to welcome you to join our first IFRG E-meeting!

For more information see the website.

Ampai Nangsuay, Secretary WG6


Asia Pacific Federation

WPSA Asian-Pacific Working Group News

A/P WG1

Small Scale Family Poultry Farming

A new team is being formed for the Asian/Pacific Federation’s WG1 that is centred around Small Scale Family Poultry Farming.

Backyard poultry production is a very important part of many African and Asian Pacific countries, for the production of meat and eggs. Therefore, Small Scale Family Poultry Farming (SSFPF) is an important working group for WPSA’s Asian/Pacific Federation. The SSFPF is reorganizing its team to include many members of the Asia/Pacific Federation. As a part of that effort, it has been decided that WG1 will also organize a World Native Chicken Conference, and will attempt to repeat that conference every two years. As the new leader of WG1, I invite and encourage all researchers and other WPSA members who are interested in this topic to join and participate in WG1. This working group can play a very important and vibrant role for many vulnerable rural economies in many countries.

Dr Nasir Mukhtar, Chair, APF WG1

For Correspondence: Dr Nasir Mukhtar Group Leader of WG1 ‘Small Scale Family Poultry Farming’
(Department of Poultry Sciences, PMAS-Arid Agriculture University Rawalpindi-Pakistan)
WhatsApp/Mob: +92 (0) 3007200074 Email:

A/P WG3

Ratites (ostriches, emus, rheas, cassowaries or kiwis)

A Ratite Research Session is being planned for the World Poultry Congress that has been re-scheduled in Paris, France from August 7 – 11, 2022. The actual date for the Ratite Session has not yet been determined, but please send any suggestions for contributions and/or topics that you have to 

Researchers involved in research on any Ratites (ostriches, emus, rheas, cassowaries or kiwis) are asked to contact the Ratite Group. Please send an email to .

Anel Engelbrecht, Chair

 

World's Poultry Science Journal

Upcoming articles

Articles in upcoming Journal(s)

  • Z. Janjecic - Hrvatica - Croatian native breed of poultry
  • M. Rehman - Physiological role of arginine in growth performance, gut health and immune response in broilers: a review
  • T. Bhattacharya - Bone morphogenetic proteins (BMPs) and their role in poultry
  • L.A. Arias Sosa - A reveiw on the productive potential of the Muscovy Duck
  • M. Bouyeh - A Review of the effects of niacin on broiler productivity
  • V. dos Santos - Essential oils as sanitizers for hatching eggs
  • N. Morgan - Importance of considering non-starch polysaccharide content of poultry diets
  • M. Zampiga - Importance of feed efficiency for sustainable intensification of chicken meat production: implications and role for amino acids, feed enzymes and organic trace minerals
  • O. Olgun - The importance of nutrition in preventing heat stress at poultry
  • V.H. Ferreira - How can the research on chicken cognition improve chicken welfare: a perspective review

Summaries

 

Hrvatica - Croatian Native Breed of poultry

G. DUVNJAK, Z. JANJEČIĆ, M. DRAŽIĆ and D. BEDEKOVIĆ

Intensification of poultry production has led to the cessation of use of many local breeds resulting in their replacement with high-yielding breeds or hybrids. A description of native populations and their distinctive properties are the basis for their conservation. This paper presents the current knowledge about the origin, external characteristics and production indicators of the Croatian native breed of poultry – the Hrvatica. The breeding of the Hrvatica began in the first half of the 20th century, in an area alongside the river Drava, by crossing domestic hens with Leghorn roosters and later with the Wellsummer breed. After the breed almost vanished, a breeding program was established to focus on four variants with different plumage colours. Today, the total population of breeding animals is estimated at 5000 to 6000. The Hrvatica is a dual-purpose breed and successfully tolerates free-range farming throughout the year. It is modest in its nutritional needs and, with enough pasture, provides quality and tasty meat. The body weight of adult roosters ranges from 2.2 kg to 2.6 kg and adult hens weigh from 1.6 kg to 1.8 kg. The breed is characterized by good egg-laying, with pronounced maternal instincts. Egg-laying, depending on the housing and feeding conditions, ranges from 200 to 220 eggs per year. Eggs have a distinct, elongated shape with an average shape index of 74% and an average weight of 51 g. The eggshell is light-coloured.

Physiological role of arginine in growth performance, gut health and immune response in broilers: a review

F. HASSAN, M.A. ARSHAD, S. HASSAN, R.M. BILAL, M. SAEED and M.S. REHMAN

Arginine (Arg) is one of the metabolically versatile essential amino acids. Dietary supplementation with Arg has been shown to stimulate the secretion of insulin-like growth factor while improving growth performance and feed efficiency in broilers. In addition to its role in protein synthesis, Arg is also a precursor of nitric oxide, creatine, and polyamines. It also modulates lipid metabolism by reducing total body fat accumulation to improve meat quality and antioxidant defence. Moreover, it is considered as an essential amino acid for chicks due to the absence of a functional urea cycle in birds at an early age. Arginine plays a crucial role in metabolic pathways associated with immune-competence and growth. Dietary supplementation of Arg at 12 to 15 g/kg of diet resulted in linear increase in body weight gain from 7.5 to 17% in broilers fed soybean meal-based diets. Arg acts as a key vasodilator that opposes the onset of pulmonary hypertension in broilers and is particularly beneficial under high altitude and hypoxia conditions. Dietary Arg supplementation reduces ascites-related mortality under low ambient temperatures and attenuates adverse effects of heat stress and high stock density. Moreover, in ovo feeding of Arg increased levels of secretory immunoglobulin A revealing its potential to modulate immune barrier function leading to enhanced overall immunity and intestinal health of birds. The NRC recommended levels of Arg are 1.25%, 1.10%, and 1.00% (of the broiler diet from 1-3, 4-6 and 7-8 weeks, respectively). However, other studies have reported 101, 103 and 107% of NRC recommendation of Arg for maximum feed efficiency, growth performance, and optimal immune function, from 1-3, 4-6 and 7-8 weeks, respectively, under thermoneutral conditions. This review provides insights into the optimal supplementation of Arg above NRC recommendations to improve growth performance, meat quality, and immunity of broilers.

Bone morphogenetic proteins (BMPs) and their role in poultry

D. DIVYA and T.K. BHATTACHARYA

The chicken is considered to be a major inexpensive protein producer of animal origin across the world. Enormous progress has been attained to improve production and reproduction by intense genetic selection, but it has resulted in indirect introduction of unwanted characteristics such as a strain on the birds’ skeletal system. Several genetic and non-genetic factors affect bone growth and integrity. Bone morphogenetic proteins (BMPs) belong to the transforming growth factor-beta (TGFβ) superfamily and comprise one of the multifunctional growth factors involved in organogenesis. Briefly, BMPs are known to play varied roles in embryogenesis, limb morphogenesis, cardiac myofibrillogenesis, odontogenesis, folliculogenesis, tissue-homeostasis, and left-right chick patterning. Yet, few BMPs have been detected and assessed in the chicken and were found to be located/placed differently on the chromosome like mammals. Chicken BMP4, BMPR1A, BMP7, BMP8A, BMP1-like and BMP10; BMP2 and BMP5; BMP3, BMP15 and BMPR1B; BMP6 and BMPR2 are located on chromosomes 5, 6, 20, 23, 22, 3, 2 and 7, respectively. BMP’s 1-like, 2, 3, 4, 5, 6 and 7 and BMP’s specific receptors (BMPR1A, BMPR1B and BMPR2) are expressed in osteoblasts and chondrocytes implicating their important role in osteo-chondrogenesis in chickens. However, some of the BMPs such as BMP2, 4, 5, 6, 7 and 15 were also, surprisingly, detected in ovaries (granulosa and theca cells) and BMP2, 4 and 7 and BMPR1A, BMPR1B and BMPR2 in retinal pigment epithelium indicating their function in ovarian follicles and eye development in chicks. A number of antagonists have been identified as having a role in the signalling cascade of the bone morphogenetic proteins pathway. This review discusses the BMPs so identified in chickens and their signalling and functioning for further use in improving skeletal strength and health of chickens.

A review on the productive potential of the Muscovy Duck

L.A. ARIAS SOSA and A.L. ROJAS

Muscovy ducks (Cairina moschata) are one of the most exploited species in the duck farming industry due to their large size, meat quality, and considerable economic value for small farmers and large factories. This study reviews the available information on its productive potential and the factors likely to impact it. Although this species can achieve high meat yields, not all management systems seem to be capable of obtaining “optimal” growth, especially in developing countries. This situation occurs because the optimal weight of this duck is highly dependent on proper management conditions and its genetic background. Domestic production of male Muscovy ducks results in live weights ranging from 2.0 to 2.9 kg. When bred under improved conditions they can achieve a live weight ranging from 4.5 to 5.1 kg with an additional increase of up to 6.5 kg with a 2-week forced-feeding program. Other producers utilize crossbreeding with Peking ducks in order to produce sterile mule ducks that have lower sexual dimorphism, adequate meat yields, and even superior foie gras yields. There have also been several studies on the use of natural supplements in these species; however, only some probiotics have shown an impact on productivity. Another important aspect when procuring adequate yields is to ensure the proper health of the individuals. Although Muscovy ducks are generally more resistant to pathogens than chickens, they are not exempt from suffering infections. They can be affected by several parasites such as nematodes that reduce their productivity and can lead to death in severe outbreaks. Viral infections can also lead to high mortalities and substantial economic losses such as the highly pathogenic avian influenza (20-100 % mortality), parvoviruses (10-90 % mortality), reoviruses (10-53 % mortality), and herpes viruses (10-100 % mortality).

A review of the effects of niacin on broiler productivity

A. AHMADIAN, M. BOUYEH and A.R. SEIDAVI

Vitamins are a significant component of poultry diets, and their absence in the diet results in disorders in growth and performance. Niacin is a form of vitamin B that acts as a catalyst in many of the body's vital processes and is essential for maintaining normal body function. This article reviews the effect of niacin and its accessible forms (nicotinic acid and nicotinamide) on growth, performance, blood parameters, carcass quality, the immune system, and microbial flora in broilers. Addition of niacin to the diet enhances the performance and health of broilers. A supplement of 1.5 to 33 mg/kg/DM nicotinic acid in broiler diets increased their final weight (620 g compared to 221g in unsupplemented chicks). Niacin and nicotinic acid were effective both in increasing carcass weight and decreasing abdominal fat, although in most cases the differences were not statistically significant. A supplement of 150 mg/kg nicotinic acid in combination with chromium chloride and copper sulphate effectively reduced the cholesterol in the breast and thigh muscle of broilers. The presence of nicotinic acid (6 to 33 mg/kg/DM) in broiler diets markedly reduced leg disorders (6.3% compared to12.8% in chickens not receiving nicotinic acid). In general, the addition of niacin and its derivatives in broiler diets helps maximise performance in broilers.

Essential oils as sanitisers for hatching eggs

G. DA S. OLIVEIRA, V.M. DOS SANTOS and S.T. NASCIMENTO

Sanitising hatching eggs can reduce the negative effects of microorganisms on bird survival. Formaldehyde gas is commonly used for sanitising hatching eggs. However, handling of and exposure to formaldehyde threaten human and animal health, as this compound can have serious harmful effects. Thus, there is a growing body of research on safe natural compounds, such as essential oils (EOs), as alternatives to formaldehyde. Based on the research carried out to date, EOs may be applicable in the poultry industry since eggs sanitised with EOs were found to have significant reductions in the number of total aerobic mesophilic bacteria (up to 80.77%) and fungi (up to 69.33%) on shells, with hatchability rates significantly improved by up to 12.59%. Notably, to obtain positive results from the application of EOs on eggs, several factors must be considered, such as the time of application and the concentration of the sanitising compound. Further research on the use of EOs as sanitisers for hatching eggs is recommended, as reducing use of synthetic chemicals is essential because of their undesirable effects.

Importance of considering non-starch polysaccharide content of poultry diets

H.T. NGUYEN, M.R. BEDFORD and N.K. MORGAN

The contribution of dietary fibre in feed ingredients is still inadequately accounted for during feed formulation, despite extensive evidence of its impact on bird performance, litter quality and digestibility of other nutrients, and its high level in plant-derived feed ingredients. True dietary fibre is defined as the total quantity of non-starch polysaccharides (NSP) and lignin. In contrast to other nutrients, NSP vary substantially in composition, both among different feed ingredients and among batches of the same ingredient. Consequently, NSP display variable characteristics in final feeds. NSP have traditionally been recognised as anti-nutritive, through their impact on digesta viscosity and as a nutrient diluent in poultry rations. However, more recently, there is growing interest in their capacity to stimulate gastrointestinal function, improve gut health and act as a source of energy, partially via prebiotic properties. Recent developments in methods for measuring NSP have increased precision when estimating the dietary fibre component of feed ingredients and diets, yet there is still a lack of application of NSP values in both research and industry diets for poultry. Determining the fate of fibre post-ingestion is challenging, due to the complexity of its structural components and limited understanding about how fibre interacts with other dietary nutrients within the intestinal tract environment. The aim of this review is to highlight the importance of considering NSP values when formulating poultry rations, based on evidence from scientific studies presenting the direct impact dietary NSP has on gastrointestinal health and bird performance.

Importance of feed efficiency for sustainable intensification of chicken meat production: implications and role for amino acids, feed enzymes and organic trace minerals

M. ZAMPIGA, F. CALINI and F. SIRRI

Broiler chicken production is expected to increase significantly in the next decades to satisfy the poultry meat demand of a growing world population. In this scenario, one of the most important challenges for the poultry industry is to enhance bird productivity while remaining economically and environmentally sustainable. Feeding represents the major cost in raising of broiler chickens and has important implications for environmental impact, either directly or indirectly. Therefore, improving broiler capacity in converting ingested feed into body growth, which is generally referred to as feed conversion efficiency (often abbreviated to feed efficiency), is fundamental to promoting a sustainable intensification of poultry production. In this review, we highlight the importance of feed efficiency improvements in terms of overall sustainability for the broiler chicken production chain. Furthermore, the potential of feed additive-based nutritional strategies, such as the dietary administration of crystalline amino acids, proteases, phytases and organic minerals, is critically discussed in light of their role in supporting the sustainable intensification of this crucial livestock sector.

The importance of nutrition in preventing heat stress at poultry

O. OLGUN, A.F. ABDULQADER and A. KARABACAK

High production causes birds to be more sensitive to stress. Poultry are exposed to heat stress due to high ambient temperature in summer and being housed in hot regions of the world. Producers suffer economic losses as heat stress negatively affects the optimum productivity of the birds. Some adjustments in the diet can be effective in counteracting the negative effects of heat stress in poultry. Enriching the diet with vitamins E and C, and trace minerals such as selenium and zinc which benefit antioxidant and immune systems; addition of electrolytes that maintain acid-base homeostasis; increasing dietary energy, protein, amino acid, and calcium levels to prevent nutrient deficiencies are all effective feeding arrangements in reducing/eliminating the negative effects of heat stress in poultry. Consequently, it was observed that nutrient supplementation to diets of poultry exposed to heat stress can reduce the effect of heat stress and increase bird performance, meat quality, egg production, eggshell quality, and positively affects the immune and digestive systems.

How can the research on chicken cognition improve chicken welfare: A perspective review

V.H.B. FERREIRA, V. GUESDON and L. CALANDREAU

A recent definition of animal welfare states that "the welfare of an animal is its positive mental and physical state related to the fulfilment of its physiological and behavioural needs in addition to its expectations. This state can vary, depending on the animal's perception of a given situation" (ANSES 2018). This definition confirms the importance of taking the individual animal perspective (i.e., its cognition) into consideration, in order to properly assess its welfare. Cognitive abilities of domestic chickens have been extensively studied in recent years, but few of these studies focused on the relationship between chicken cognition and welfare issues commonly found on chicken production systems. Considering the chickens' cognitive abilities offers new and different perspectives on the welfare problems faced by chicken production. Combined with applied research, cognitive studies can generate impactful and science-based strategies to solve these problems better. In this short non-systematic review, we focus on cognitive research aimed at understanding three widespread welfare issues in poultry production: uneven range use in free-range broiler chickens and laying hens, feather pecking in laying hens, and the unfulfilled behavioural and physiological needs in broiler breeders. Knowledge of chicken cognitive abilities is critical to ameliorate chickens' rearing conditions and develop systems and practices that are more respectful of animal welfare.

 

Branch News

Australia

CONGRATULATIONS! - Dr Robert (Bob) Pym inducted into the WPSA International Poultry Hall of Fame

Dr Robert (Bob) Pym was recently inducted into the WPSA International Poultry Hall of Fame. These inductions were scheduled for WPC2020. However, with the deferral of WPC to 2021 and then 2022, it was decided to announce the awards during the webinar which was held on August 10. The awardees will be presented with their awards, in person, at WPC2022.

Bob is well known to many, if not most, WPSA members. He was the organizer of WPC2008 which was held in Brisbane, Australia and then the International President from 2008-2012, followed by Immediate Past President from 2012-2016.

Bob has had a highly distinguished career in the New South Wales Department of Agriculture and at the University of Queensland where he conducted research focussed on genetic and physiological aspects of feed utilisation efficiency and body composition of meat chickens. In the late 1970s, Bob developed an interest in small-scale family poultry farming in developing countries and over the years since then has been involved in courses and development projects in a number of countries including Indonesia, South Africa, The Philippines, Cambodia, Myanmar and Lao PDR, leading to a sabbatical with FAO in Rome in 2005. Bob was President of the Australian Branch of WPSA from 1993 to 2009 and received the Australian Poultry Award in 1995. He was periodically Editor of the annual Australian Poultry Science Symposium since 1998 and has been on the International Editorial Board of the World’s Poultry Science Journal since 1990.

In addition to his many achievements, Bob has been a supportive colleague to researchers and industry personnel, always putting the interests of others ahead of his own. He is widely acknowledged as being a ‘good bloke’ who can always be relied upon.

On behalf of all the members of the WPSA Australia Branch, I congratulate Bob on being inducted into the WPSA International Poultry Hall of Fame. It is an acknowledgement of his numerous contributions to the poultry industry within Australia and around the world.

Julie Roberts, President, WPSA Australia Branch

Brazil

The 38th FACTA WPSA-Brazil Conference 2021 confirms its success with great attendance

The FACTA WSPA-Brazil 2021 Conference was a historic moment for Brazilian aviculture, gathering more than 190 attendants day. From June 22nd through the 24th, national and international lecturers made presentations to attendees from 15 countries, relaying highly technical information of great relevance to the poultry sector. The event's 38th edition offered live translation into Portuguese and Spanish; and, although the presentations were made remotely, attendants had the opportunity of interacting by sending questions to moderators, which were then posed to the lecturers during the debates.
FACTA's president, Ariel Mendes, stated that the Conference demanded great efforts by the Foundation's board to overcome a number of hurdles. Based on this year's theme, technology in the field and outside of it, the Conference sought to meet the demands of our current time and it was a great success. This is well demonstrated through more than 340 registrations from several countries and the extension of our collaboration network to encompass aviculture in Latin America.
FACTA's event director, Rodrigo Garófallo Garcia, added that the event's success, and the maintenance of its high attendance through all three days, was due to ‘a confluence of excellent ideas from all of FACTA's team, assertive action, and highly committed lecturers, motivated to make the event be the great accomplishment that it was’. 

FACTA organizes International Coccidiosis Symposium: The APINCO Foundation for Poultry Science and Technology (FACTA) will promote and produce an International Coccidiosis Symposium (ICS) on October 07, 2021, from 8:30 am until 5:30 pm, completely online.

Even though it is widely known that coccidiosis is not an easy disease to control, primarily because of possible failures in the anti-coccidian programmes adopted. A complete control and prevention programme that makes use of different strategies is indicated. In this context, the ICS will bring forward a possible instrument for aviculture to develop new strategies, and therefore to maintain and improve the level of control that has been reached after years of scientific and technological development. With this objective, FACTA has put together a wide-ranging technical and scientific programme that addresses the coccidial control needs of producers from Brazil and other poultry meat producing countries.

Throughout the ICS, specialists from the poultry sector will debate various aspects involved in the poultry production chain regarding coccidiosis. Other important themes for updating veterinarians and other professionals about the importance of coccidiosis will also be addressed, as well as biosecurity measures and production prevention practices.

FACTA completes 32 years: The APINCO Foundation for Poultry Science and Technology (FACTA) completed 32 years of work on August 10th of this year. The foundation was created to support and share new applied knowledge and technologies for the sustainable development of the poultry sector, and it continues to be a non-profit organization that is faithful to the objectives of its creator and idealizer, APINCO (Brazilian Association of Broiler Day-Old Chick Producers).

FACTA fulfils its objectives by organizing technical qualification events, training technical and operational workers with specific courses, sharing poultry knowledge through specialized publications; and, by stimulating technical, scientific, and technological progress of the poultry sector by presenting awards.

FACTA Podcast: In its effort to share technical and scientific knowledge among the poultry sector, FACTA WSPA-Brazil has been producing a series of podcasts regarding relevant themes for Brazilian aviculture. This year, between April and May, seven podcasts were recorded.

In 2020, FACTA WSPA-Brazil recorded 19 podcasts that covered various themes, such as Covid-19 prevention in poultry processing plants. The topics covered included biosecurity, immunomodulation benefits, NIR technology, and Gumboro Disease prevention, among others. The content of these podcasts is now available and can be accessed through FACTA's online platforms.

https://open.spotify.com/show/5ri5Jd00IrlgeW8EohqDlh?si=kZzpMOl5TjCH9N3p_8qFIQ&utm_source=whatsapp&dl_branch=1&nd=1

Carla Rizzo Palermo, Event & Communication, FACTA – WPSA Brazilian Branch

France

The French branch of WPSA was proud and happy to celebrate the centenary of the World’s Poultry Congress. This was done during a special online event held on Tuesday 10 August 2021. The recording can be viewed on the WPC website https://wpcparis2022.com

The priorities of the French Branch for the coming months are:

  • to run a series of online webinars to valorise the abstracts submitted to the 26th WPC in 2019 and accepted in 2020 and publish these in an abstract book.
  • to organise the face-to-face WPC meeting in Paris, 7-12 August 2022

The Branch is grateful to all those who helped and continue helping in the organisation of these events and especially to the early sponsors for their continuous support despite the two successive postponements of the 26th WPC.

The Branch will make every effort to welcome the largest possible number of delegates at the ‘Palais des Congrès de Paris’.

Christophe Bostvironnois, President, and Michel Duclos, secretary WPSA France 

Germany

The German Branch of WPSA is very proud to congratulate Prof. Dr H.M. Hafez on his appointment as a new member of the International Poultry Hall of Fame. The German Branch nominated Prof. Hafez because he has contributed significantly to the world-wide poultry industry - above and beyond the call of duty. He has contributed greatly to our knowledge and understanding of poultry diseases, as well as to the overall field of poultry science, with over 140 publications in peer reviewed international journals, and countless lectures and presentations at national and international conferences. He has also been widely engaged with WPSA’s German branch, but also internationally through his chairmanship of the European Federation’s Working Group 10 (Turkeys) of WPSA. He is recognized as an international poultry disease specialist with outstanding professional performance in his field.

Congratulations, Prof. Hafez!

The XII European Symposium on Poultry Genetics is being planned for Hannover, during 2022. Information will follow.

Inga Tiemann, Secretary, Germany Branch

Hungary

The Hungarian Branch in cooperation with the Poultry Product Board of Hungary is currently organizing the 19th ’World Egg Day’ conference. The date for that conference will be 8th October 2021 and it will be held in Budapest. We have a arranged a general lecture with a speaker from Rabobank, and five other speakers from different fields such as animal health, feeding, diseases, and egg processing.

Györgyi Molnár, Secretary, Hungarian Branch

 For further information concerning the venue, registration, etc., please contact:

Györgyi Molnár PhD.
+3630 561 7103
Agricultural Secretary
Poultry Product Board
Hungary

Indonesia

Indonesian Branch of WPSA will host a National Poultry Webinar related to the theme ‘Overcoming turmoil in the Poultry Industry’ on Wednesday, September 15, 2021, from 8:00-17:00
The theme was developed in an effort to provide information to the public regarding the current situation for poultry businesses in Indonesia. MIPI hopes this seminar will produce a way to resolve some of the problems facing the Indonesian poultry industry. The opening will be provided by the Chairman of the Indonesia branch of WPSA, Prof. Dr Arnold P. Sinurat, M.S. He will be followed by a Keynote presentation by the Director General of Indonesia’s Livestock Services, Dr Nasrullah, M.Sc. Four other presentations during the first session, will be made by: Ir Achmad Dawami, the General Chairman of the Poultry Breeding Company Association (GPPU); Mr Desianto B. Utomo Ph.D., the General Chairman of the Association of Animal Feed Companies (GPMT); and, Singgih Januratmoko, SKH, MM, the General Chairman of the Centre for Poultry Market Information (Pinsar Indonesia). The second session will include presentations by a number of speakers that will cover topics related to different aspects of Poultry Breeding, Poultry Feed and Feed Ingredients, Poultry Management, Poultry Health and Poultry Welfare, Socio-Economics, and others.

A collaboration between the MIPI Banten, West Java, and Jakarta regional commissions with the IPB University was conducted via The 5th International Summer Course 2021
This course was held virtually on 12-23 July 2021 (http://iptp.fapet.ipb.ac.id/?page_id=4317). The theme of the course was ‘New Normal Challenges and Opportunities: Global Interconnectivity for Animal Production’. In this regard, WPSA provided a prominent speaker in Dr Vincent Guyyonat (Managing Director at FFI Consulting, Canada) who spoke on ‘Trends for the Poultry Industry: What can The Chicken and Egg Sectors Expect from The Post-COVID19 World?’ For the summer course (which can be seen at: https://youtu.be/QHNl5zz8ZM ), he was named as the 2nd winner of ‘The Most Favourite Lecturer Award’ by the participants. The Summer Course was attended by 292 participants from Indonesia (33 universities) and 95 participants from 20 other universities distributed throughout 14 countries, including: Bangladesh, Malaysia, the Philippines, Thailand, Taiwan, China, Japan, Pakistan, Nepal, Australia, Turkey, Hungary, the Netherlands, and Bolivia.

The MIPI Banten, West Java and Jakarta regional commissions of Indonesia also held an internal webinar gathering event on Saturday, 7 August 2021 from 10:00-12:00
The purpose of that event was to allow the 22 members of the internal regional commissions to get to know each other. Those 22 members also discussed the regional programme plans for 2021.

Maria Endo Mahata, Secretary of Indonesia Branch

Italy

2020 fier avicola

The Italian Branch has supported the organization of the meeting ‘Sustainable development perspectives of poultry production’ which will be held at the Rimini Expo Centre on 7 September in conjunction with the 2021 edition of FIERAVICOLA. General information on the International Poultry Exhibition is available on the website: https://www.fieravicola.com/en/.

The Italian Branch is also working on the organization of the 23rd edition of the European Symposium on Poultry Nutrition (ESPN) that will be held at the Palacongressi of Rimini (Italy) from 21 to 24 June, 2023. The city of Rimini, is an ideal place for the Poultry Nutrition Symposium, and its modern as well as eco-friendly Venue is the perfect stage for this event. Many attendees including both poultry research scientists and practitioners, plus leading speakers from around the world will be joining together to explore the past, share the present, and to help forge the future of poultry meat science. More details are already available at the Symposia website: https://www.espn2023.eu.

espn

At the same Rimini venue, the 56th edition of the Annual Meeting of the Italian Branch of WPSA will be held on April 22, 2022, and it will deal with ‘Are we pushing broilers to their biological limits?’. This emerging topic will be explored thanks to the contributions of a number of prestigious international speakers.

Finally, the Italian Branch wishes to convey warmest congratulations to Prof. Achille Franchini on his being named as one of the new members of WPSA’s International Poultry Hall of Fame. Dr Franchini has provided excellent leadership for many years for both the Italian Branch and for the European Federation of WPSA, as well as worldwide. We thank him for his expertise, hard work, and many contributions to Poultry Science. This is a very well-deserved recognition.

Massimiliano Petracci, Secretary, Italian Branch of WPSA

Japan

The 2021 Autumn Meeting of JPSA will be held online style (zoom meeting) hosted by Tohoku University on Thursday, September 16 from 9:00 am to 5:30 pm, Japan standard time. The meeting contains 26 original research presentations and a general membership meeting. In addition, an awards ceremony for the Excellent Paper Awards for papers presented in 2020 will be held. All activities will be on a live stream. The meetings programme is now available on-line at: https://jpn-psa.jp/wp-content/uploads/2021/07/Schedule-2021-9-16-en.pdf. The deadline for registration is September 14. More details are available on https://jpn-psa.jp/en/meeting-information/. JPSA will welcomes wide participation from all over the globe.

The Young Members' Executive Committee of JPSA will hold an online seminar entitled: ‘What Kind of Research is now Required at the Poultry Farming Site? – in Japan and Other Countries’ from 0:10 pm - 1:10 pm, on September 16. This is also the lunch hour for the Autumn Meeting. Knowing the needs of poultry production sites is indispensable for getting effective returns on research results, but researchers have less opportunities to know the current state of production sites. In this seminar, Mr Hayakawa, Asia-Pacific Regional Manager of DSM Nutritional Products, will provide a lecture on ‘The Knowledge Needed Now at Poultry Production Sites in Japan and Overseas’.

The Journal of Poultry Science (JPS), the official scientific journal of JPSA, obtained the Impact Factor of 1.425 from the Clarivate Analytics on June 30, 2021. JPSA would like to express a deep gratitude to all who made support and cooperation. The JPS is also a member of PubMed Central (PMC), and the articles of the journal can now be accessed through the PubMed search engine (http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/journals/3725/). Moreover, JPS is available on the Directory of Open Access Journals (DOAJ) database (https://doaj.org/toc/1349-0486).
We welcome the submission original research articles and review papers to the JPS using the following website: https://jpn-psa.jp/en/jps-en/. Free access to download the full-published articles in JPS is available on J-Stage (https://www.jstage.jst.go.jp/browse/jpsa), which provides an excellent opportunity for all to access the full published articles.

JPSA would like to contribute to Poultry Science in Japan and over the entire world by enhancing our international activities with members from different countries. Thus, JPSA has a membership category for foreign citizens residing abroad as ‘Special International Member’. The page charges to publish their papers in the JPS will be set at a membership price. JPSA invariably welcomes new members from all over the world. Please visit the JPSA website (http://jpn-psa.jp/?lang=en) for further information.

The COVID-19 pandemic has still made a tough situation in the world, but JPSA hopes things will get better soon. Please take good care of yourself!

Naoki Goto, Secretary of WPSA Japan Branch

New Zealand

The New Zealand branch of WPSA will be holding its 2021 NEW ZEALAND POULTRY INDUSTRY CONFERENCE in Nelson, New Zealand on the 5th and 6th of October 2021. For details contact Reza Abdollahi at:

Reza Abdollahi, Secretary, New Zealand branch

Pakistan

A meeting of the Central Executive Board of the WPSA-Pakistan branch was chaired by the President, Mian J.M. Javaid on 3rd July 2021 at Rawalpindi-Pakistan. The members of the Board decided that WPSA-Pakistan will offer fifteen scholarships to students from different Universities in Pakistan. For timely and prompt decisions, a core committee was constituted with following members;

Mr J.M. Javaid President, WPSA-Pakistan
Mr Waqar Alam President, WPSA-PB, Southern Zone
Dr Asim Mehmood President, WPSA-PB, Northern Zone
Dr Fareeha Talha President, WPSA-PB, Women Wing
Dr Nasir Mukhtar Secretary General, WPSA-Pakistan.

In addition, a meeting calendar was also announced to allow for smoother functioning of WPSA branch’s activities. The venue and dates of the next General Body Meeting and he Central Executive Board meetings will be as follows: The 1st Central Executive Board Meeting will be held at 11:00 am in Khanewal on Saturday the 27th Nov. 2021; the 2nd General Body Meeting will be held in Islamabad at 3:00 pm on Saturday the 26th of March 2022; and, the 3rd Central Executive Board Meeting will be held in Karachi at 11:00 am on Saturday 28th May 2022. Mian J.M. Javaid (President) and Dr Nasir Mukhtar (Secretary General) paid thanks to the participants with his concluding remarks.

Dr Nasir Mukhtar, Secretary, Pakistan Branch

Senegal

The Senegal branch of WPSA is in the process of organizing a meeting for the branch that will be called: Poultry Senegal 2022. Hopefully, that meeting will take hopefully take place during May, 2022 in partnership with the Senegal Ministry of Agriculture. More details will be provided in the coming months. For more information and/or input related to the planning of the meeting, see contact information below.

Prof. Ayao Missohou, Secretary Senegal branch
Ecole Inter-Etats des Sciences et Médecine Vétérinaires (EISMV), Dakar, Sénégal
Phone: 00221338651008, 00221338651022, 00221775751140
E-mail: 

South Africa

The SA branch is pleased to congratulate Prof Rob Gous on the prestigious honour of his being inducted into the International Poultry Hall of Fame. Due to a delay in the Paris WPC, this occurred on August 10, 2021 during a virtual WPC Webinar which recognized his contributions, and that of four other members, to the world-wide poultry industry. This is a great achievement and Prof Gous’ significant contributions are applauded.

The local organizing committee for the SA branch will be holding a virtual event for 2021 on the 24th and 25th November. Our programme will follow shortly, but we have some international speakers lined up as well as local students who will be presenting their work on an online platform which will be accessible to many.

Nicola Tyler, Secretary, South Africa Branch

Sri Lanka

The Sri Lanka Branch is organizing a series of webinars as Zoom sessions, because of the health restrictions prevailing in our country due to the Covid-19 pandemic. The theme of the series is: ‘Strategic Approaches to Overcome Emerging Challenges for the Sri Lankan Poultry Industry’. The series is being conducted in the local language (Sinhala), because the information being provided is of benefit to the majority of our participants who are local stakeholders of the poultry industry.

The first session of the series was held on 10 June 2021 on the topic ‘What is Covid-19 Bubble Concept, and How It Can Be Applied to the Poultry Industry’. The resource person for that session was Dr Dilan Satharasinghe, Senior Lecturer on the Faculty of Veterinary Medicine and Animal Science at the University of Peradeniya, Sri Lanka.

The second session of the series is being held on 27th August on the topic: ‘Current Raw Material Shortage for Poultry Feed and Alternatives Available with Special Reference to Wheat.’ The resource persons for the second session are two poultry nutritionists: Dr Susil Silva (BV Sc, PhD Poultry Nutrition), the Director General of the Department of Animal Production & Health; and, Dr Nimal Priyankarage (BV Sc, PhD in Poultry Nutrition, MPAM), the Registrar of Animal Feeds, in the Department of Animal Production & Health.

The third webinar will be scheduled for September, and will cover the topic ‘Value Addition and Extra Income from Poultry Manure’.

These sessions and the proceedings of the scientific sessions held on 7th May 2021 can be viewed on the Sri Lanka branch’s Facebook page, and on the following U-tube channel https://youtube.com/channel/UCflceVNk8Zkn8pzgBtwp_zw.

Dr Mrs A.L. Godwin, Secretary WPSA-SL

USA

 

dara rosita
Dr Rosita Dara with the engraved
vase that was given to her by the
USA and Canadian branches for
providing the WPSA Lecture at the
July 2021 online Poiultry Science Meeting

WPSA’s USA and Canadian Branches sponsored the annual WPSA Lecture during the 2021 Virtual Annual Meeting of the Poultry Science Association. The speaker was Dr Rozita Dara from the School of Computer Science at the University of Guelph, Guelph, Ontario, Canada. The title of the lecture was ‘Utilizing Big Data in Poultry Smart Farming: Opportunities and Challenges’. Her lecture discussed the impact of emerging digital technologies in poultry farming and opportunities they provide in terms of enhancing production and farm management. She also reviewed technology and operational requirements that enhance adoption and trust in farm technologies and addressed challenges such as interoperability, data security, and sustainability. Dr Dara’s WPSA Lecture addressed a very timely topic and served as an excellent and impactful keynote address for the PSA Annual Meeting.

Dr Bob Buresh, WPSA Senior Vice President and USA Branch Secretary

World Veterinary Education in Production Animal Health (WVEPAH)

wvepah oie uni lu

WVEPAH is a branch of the ‘European Association for Veterinary Specialization’ (EAVS), a non-profit organization registered in Luxembourg since 1989. In 1992 EAVS created the ‘European School for Advanced Veterinary Studies’ (ESAVS, www.esavs.org) which offers high quality continuing education and is officially affiliated with the University of Luxembourg. WVEPAH has a similar structure as the ESAVS and is also affiliated with and supported by the OIE and includes OIE standards and regulations in its training programmes.

WVEPAH programmes consist of a series of courses in a particular field of poultry health and production. A typical study programme is composed of two online courses:

  • Module I: «Key Disciplines in Poultry Health / Regulation Module OIE (WOAH)»

 &

  • Specialized Module II: «Broilers, Egg Layers, Turkey or Waterfowl health and production»

Courses include pre-recorded courses and LIVE meetings. Each course is taught by course masters who are internationally recognized specialists in their field and have excellent didactic skills.

The courses are designed for those professionals in the poultry industry who wish to broaden their knowledge in the area of poultry health and production with strong emphasis on health management. Intensive training is provided at an advanced level with major emphasis on a case oriented and problem-solving approach.

Participants of WVEPAH programmes acquire new skills and knowledge which they can immediately apply in their daily field activities.

Participants also have the possibility to pursue a Certificate in Animal Health: Poultry Production diploma, after completion of the two modules, including a section on regulation taught by the OIE, and the submission of the analysis of 25 clinical cases. This diploma is delivered by the University of Luxembourg and the regulatory aspects are validated by the OIE.

List of courses, dates, registration conditions see: www.wvepah.org.

March 2020 Newsletter

Star InactiveStar InactiveStar InactiveStar InactiveStar Inactive
Volume 50, March 2020  Newsletter Editor: Dr G.B. Havenstein,  

 

2020 wpc  

World's Poultry Congres 2020

16-20 August, Paris, France

Scholarship Awards

During the XXVI World’s Poultry Congress in Paris, France in 2020 Scholarship Awards for respectively the WPSA Paul B. Siegel Research Award and the WPSA Education Award are going to be presented. Deadline for submissions was 1st March 2020.
To show how awards are utilized, those nominated must, if successful, undertake to present a report of their work at the next World’s Poultry Congress following the one at which the award was made.

International Poultry Hall of Fame

Selection of candidates for the International Poultry Hall of Fame have been finalised. The new inductees will be presented during the Opening Ceremony.

Cliff D. Carpenter International Essay Competition

At the latest Board meeting, held during the Poultry Science Association (PSA) meeting in Montréal, Canada, it was decided to start the Cliff D. Carpenter International Essay competition.
Five travel awards ($2000 each) will be made available on a competitive basis to full time graduate students for attendance at the XXVI World’s Poultry Congress in Paris, France, 16-20 August 2020. The original essay of up to 2000 words should address the topic ‘The possible role of the World’s Poultry Science Association in education’. The 5 winners should come from different continents, they have to be a member in 2019 and must be between the ages of 18-30.
The applications for the International Cliff D. Carpenter Essay competition are currently being evaluated.

Nominating Advisory Committee (NAC)

Preparations are underway for the formation of a Nominating Advisory Committee (NAC), which committee is in charge of seeking candidates for the WPSA Board 2020-2024. The NAC will be chaired by Dr Mamduh Sifri. Branches and members can propose candidates for the offices of President, five Vice-Presidents, Secretary and Treasurer.
Further information can be found in the WPSA Constitution and By-laws (Constitution article IV-5 and By-Laws article II-8 through 11).

Council Meeting

During the Council meeting the city and country for the next World’s Poultry Congress in 2024 will be selected. The candidate cities are: Cape Town proposed by the South Africa branch and Toronto proposed by the Canada, Mexico and USA branches.
Also a new Board will be selected during the Council Meeting. Each Branch, in good financial standing, is eligible to vote. The number of votes per branch depends on the number of members on December 1st of the year preceding the vote (see the Constutition and By-Laws).
All members are invited to attend the Council Meeting.

Updates on the above mentioned topics will be publsihed on the WPSA website under the heading !! WPC2020 !!.

   

Registration for WPC2020

Registration for WPC2020 are open. Click here for details.

 

Executive Committee

Secretary's Report

mulder roel

World’s Poultry Congress, Palais de Congrès, August 16 – 20, 2020, Paris, France

Information on the programme of WPC2020 can be found on www.wpcparis2020.com
Preparations are underway for the Council meeting during the next WPC.
During the Council meeting the city and country for the next World’s Poultry Congress in 2024 will be selected. The candidate cities are: Cape Town proposed by the South Africa branch and Toronto proposed by the Canada, Mexico and USA branches.
Selection of candidates for the International Poultry Hall of Fame have been finalised. The applications for the International Cliff D. Carpenter Essay competition are currently being evaluated.
Deadlines for application for the WPSA Paul B. Siegel Research Award and the WPSA Education Award are approaching.
The Nominating Advisory Committee (NAS), which is in charge of seeking candidates for WPSA’s 2020-2024 Board of Directors has started its activities. Branches and members can now propose candidates for the 2020-2024 Board of directors.

WPSA presence at exhibitions and conferences

WPSA leadership members were present at IPPE, Atlanta, USA, during January 2020. Other events that will have WPSA presence include VIV MEA, Abu Dhabi, UAE and Victam Asia, and Animal Health and Nutrition, Bangkok, Thailand, as well as the Mediterranean Poultry Summit, 25-27 March 2020, Cordoba, Spain. Information on the programme for the Mediterranean Summit can be found on www.mpn-wpsa.org/spain2020 and www.wpsa.com 
The 1st Poultry Nutrition symposium 25-26 March 2020 in Bangkok, Thailand has been postponed because of the Covid-19 virus.
During the above listed symposia and conferences, promotional materials for WPSA, the World’s Poultry Science Journal, WPC 2020 in Paris, France, and other upcoming conferences and events will be on display.
WPSA members and any other interested individuals are invited to attend the above events where they meet many other WPSA members and leadership representatives.

WPSA World’s Poultry Science Journal

The March 2020 issue of the World’s Poultry Science Journal, is being hosted and produced by Taylor & Francis Publishers, and is on track.

WPSA programmes

WPSA has several programmes to support members and branches. Details on the Travel Grant programmes, the Speakers’ Bureau programme, and on proposals for Branch Development can be found on the WPSA website. Criteria for eligibility for these programmes are published together with the (different) deadlines for the individual programmes. Please follow the instructions, as inaccurate, incomplete and late applications have to be rejected.

Cooperation with the organization on World Veterinary Education in Production Animal Health (WVEPAH)

The WVEPAH, a non-profit organization organises training courses on poultry (for 3 à 4 weeks) in several countries. Additional details are provided on www.wvepah.org. All joint activities with WVEPAH will also be announced on our WPSA website and in the WPS Journal.

Dr Roel Mulder, General Secretary

Treasurer's Report

bradley francine new

Since my last report, I had the pleasure of attending the International Production and Processing Exposition (IPPE) in Atlanta, Georgia. IPPE redesigned two of the exhibition floors this year and WPSA was lucky to be given a booth near the extremely popular food court. The proximity to food, plus the neighbouring booths of other scientific societies and institutions, brought us excellent foot traffic. The other members of the Executive Committee (EC): Drs. Ning Yang, Roel Mulder, and Bob Buresh, joined me in the booth. We greeted WPSA members, officers, as well as financial supporters of our Journal, from around the globe.
The EC held a productive meeting in Atlanta and discussed time sensitive topics, including WPC2020-Paris. We were delighted to learn of the large number of applications for the Young Scientist Programme in Paris. The EC decided that in addition to the support already pledged by the global body, WPSA would match the French Branch in funding an additional 10 Young Scientists.

I am pleased to report that I have forwarded all of the 2019 financial records and tax information to WPSA’s Certified Public Accountant (CPA). I will be working with the CPA and his staff in the coming months to finalise the WPSA tax returns.

As I close this report, I will start packing for a USA west coast trade association meeting in Hawaii. At that event I coordinated the programmes for the poultry students, and their programmes are generously sponsored by the United States Branch of WPSA.

Dr Francine Bradley, Treasurer

26th World's Poultry Congress

Palais de Congrès,

August 16-20, 2020, Paris, France

20WPC blocmarque blocdates

It is with great pleasure that the French branch of WPSA invites you to attend the 26th World Poultry Congress in Paris, from 16-20 August 2020. We have prepared an attractive Congress for the benefit of the large number of participants that are coming from all over the world. The scientific programme will be highly interactive and interdisciplinary, with the objective of ‘Integrating knowledge for sustainable and diversified poultry productions’. The Mediterranean and African Poultry Networks will hold specific sessions, and a symposium will take place under the auspices of FAO. As usual for a WPC, Youth and Young Scientist programmes will be held.

Exhibition and sponsoring: the programme includes an exhibition that allows companies to display their company information and products within the Congress Centre, and the Congress programme will include a number of technical symposia as well.

Registration: We received nearly 1000 early bird registrations before December 31st, 2019. Registration will continue at the regular price until March 31st, 2020, and at an increased price thereafter.

Abstracts: The submission of abstracts closed on January 5th, 2020. More than 1400 abstracts were received and are currently under evaluation. Acceptance results and notifications for the abstracts are expected to occur sometime during March 2020.

Sessions and Invited speakers: Sessions will last from Sunday afternoon, 16th of August, to Thursday morning, the 20th of August. Renowned speakers from all over the world will be involved in both the plenary lectures and in the parallel sessions. Their addresses have been assigned to one of the following topic sessions: Nutrition, Breeding and Genetics, Egg Quality, Poultry Meat Quality, Reproduction, Hygiene and Pathology, Poultry Welfare and Management, Physiology, Education and Information, Waterfowl, and Turkeys. For detailed information about the WPC registration and programme, see the Congresses website: http://www.wpcparis2020.com/.

Christophe Bostvironnois, President French Branch
Michael Duclos, Secretary, French Branch
Michèle Tixier Boichard, WPC2020, Programme Coordinator

 

Newly Compiled List of Poultry Educational Resources

In her role as one of the Vice Presidents of the WPSA, Julie Roberts from the Australian Branch has compiled a list of Poultry Educational Resources which are available free of charge via the internet. Some of the web sites listed also have resources for sale. However, the focus of this list is resources which are free and therefore available to all members.

The list is posted on the WPSA website, and will always be a ‘work in progress’ as some resources become available and added, or others, if they are out of date or no longer available, will be removed from the internet list.

If members are aware of other resources that are available that could be added to the list, please contact Mrs Dorien Velner at the main office by email: with the title of the resource, how to access it and a short description.

All entries will be checked on a regular basis to make sure that they continue to be available, however if you find any irregularities, please contact us at

 

European Federation

The next European Poultry Conference will be held in Valencia, Spain in 2022.

The European Federation has numerous conferences planned between now and on into 2021. A list of most of our upcoming conferences may be found on the WPSA Calendar at www.wpsa.com
News from several European Federation Working Groups are provided below.

WPSA European Working Group News

WG2

2021 espnThe Italian Branch will host the 23rd edition of European Symposium on Poultry Nutrition (ESPN) which will be held at the Palacongressi of Rimini (Italy) from September 20-23, 2021. The city of Rimini, is an ideal place for the European Symposium on Poultry Nutrition and the modern as well as eco-friendly venue is the perfect stage for the event. Many attendees including both poultry research scientists and practitioners, leading speakers from across the world joining together to explore the past, share the present and helping to forge the future of poultry meat science. More details are already available at the symposium website: https://www.espn2021.eu/.

WG3

Breeding and Genetics

The 11th European Symposium on Poultry Genetics was held in Prague from 23 to 25 October 2019. The symposium was hosted by the Czech branch of WPSA and organised together with Working Group 3 'Breeding and Genetics' of the European Federation of WPSA. The 3-day symposium was very well attended, and 141 scientists from 30 countries participated. The scientific programme included sessions on new breeding technologies, genomic selection, current topics on dual-purpose chickens, genetic diversity, microbiota, new breeding targets for poultry species and the breeding of other bird species. A total of 25 invited speakers presented the latest results of their current research, which were discussed in various ways. Furthermore, scientists presented their work in 46 posters.
A particular highlight of the Symposium was a special session in which four young scientists had the opportunity to present their work in a short oral presentation. Working Group 3 endeavours to support young scientists in this way by covering the registration fees for the selected presenters. The symposium took place in a very pleasant and productive atmosphere and gave the participants the opportunity for an intensive exchange of ideas in a variety of ways. On behalf of the working group, I would like to take this opportunity to thank all participants, colleagues and helpers involved in preparing the symposium as well as our sponsors, who made a significant contribution to the success of the symposium.

The 12th symposium is already being planned. It will take place in Hannover from 26 - 28 October 2021, and will be hosted by the German Branch. We would be pleased if you saved this date and planned your participation. Further information will follow in due course.

Steffen Weigend, Chairman of the European Federations Working Group 3

WG5

Poultry Meat Quality

2021 Eggmeat logo EMQ

The XXV European Symposium on the Quality of Poultry Meat will be conjointly held with the XIX European Symposium on the Quality of Eggs and Egg Products from June 21 to 23, 2021, in Kraków, Poland. Please visit http://www.eggmeat2021.com/ to keep yourself updated. Special reduced registration fees will be available for WPSA members and students. We will look forward to seeing many of you there. Prominent invited speakers from American and European Institutions will address emerging issues on poultry meat and egg production. A new website will be developed and registration information will be provided in the near future.

Most WG5 members will also be participating in the 2020 World's Poultry Congress in Paris, France on August 16-20, and the scientific programme of the two parallel sessions dealing with 'Meat Quality' is almost defined under supervision of the WG5 group in connection with the Scientific Committee of which WG5 chairperson is a part. During the Paris Congress, a meeting of Working Group 5 has also been planned during WPC2020, and it will take place on Wednesday, August 19th. See the Congress Programme for the meeting time and location.


Asia Pacific Federation

2020 apf poultry nutrition symposium

Postponing the Asia Pacific Federation (APF) Poultry Nutrition Symposium

Because of the COVID-19 (Corona Virus) outbreak, which is a great concern worldwide, travelling to mass gatherings can be a risk for travellers, including the spread of an infection.
After discussions with the Organising Committee of the APF Poultry Nutrition Symposium and the Thai Government, the President of the Asia Pacific Federation, Dr Sakchai Sriboonsue, has decided to postpone the meeting, which was scheduled for 25-26 March 2020 in Bangkok, Thailand, until further notice.

The Organising Committee would like to apologize for any inconvenience this causes to the sponsors and attendees.

WPSA Asian-Pacific Working Group News

A/P WG3

Ratites

The Ratite Working Group will hold a general meeting on the 18th of March at 10:00 on the Oudtshoorn Research Farm, Oudtshoorn, South Africa. All are welcome to attend.

The next meeting is scheduled to take place at the World Poultry Congress in Paris, France that is being held 16-20 August 2020. Please let us know if you are planning to attend the meeting and Congress, as well as any topics that you would like to have considered, by sending an email to .

Anel Engelbrecht, Chair

7th Mediterranean Poulty Summit

The Mediterranean Poultry Network will host the 7th Mediterranean Poultry Summit at the University of Cordoba in Cordoba, Spain, on March 25-27, 2020. Details for the conference are shown on the website summit’s website: www.mpn-wpsa.org. The Registration Deadline for the Summit is March 25 2020.

 

World's Poultry Science Journal

From 2020 the World’s Poultry Science Journal will be published by Taylor & Francis. If you have requested an online subscription as part of your membership, you have received an email from Taylor & Francis with instructions how to access WPSJ online from the new website www.tandfonline.com/TWPS. Please ensure that you add '@tandfonline.com' to your safe senders list to ensure these types of emails are not sent to your spam folder or blocked by your service provider. Should you have any questions about your online access please contact ”.

Upcoming articles

Articles in upcoming Journal(s)

  • M. Tixier-Boichard - From the jungle fowl to highly-performing chickens: are we reaching limits?
  • A. Salamon - The double-yolked egg: from the 'miracle of packaging' to nature's 'mistake'
  • L. Sarmiento-Franco - Do free-range systems have potential to improve broiler welfare in the tropics?
  • S.S. Elnesr - Impact of green tea (Camellia sinensis) and epigallocatechin gallate on poultry
  • O. Olgun - Evaluation of dietary presence or use of cadmium in poultry
  • S.U. Mahfuz - Role of certain mushrooms on growth performance and physiological responses in broiler chickens
  • T.R. Kannaki - Marek's disease: Time to review the emerging threat in Indian poultry
  • J.L. Angove - The avian maternal environment: exploring the physiological mechanisms driving progeny performance
  • J.-J. Chen - Chromolaena odorata as a potential feed additive bioresource to alleviate heat strss in chickens in the humid tropics
  • O. Olgun - Use of alfalfa meal in layer diets – a review
  • H. Hamadani - Characteristics of the Kashmir Anz geese breed
  • K.M. Hartcher - Genetic selection of broilers and welfare consequences: a review

Summaries

From the jungle fowl to highly-performing chickens: are we reaching limits?

M. TIXIER-BOICHARD

The cumulated effects of domestication and subsequent selection by humans have led to an impressive diversification of the chicken, at the phenotypic level as well as the genome level. In theory, selection may reach a plateau when all favourable alleles have reached fixation. Yet, current data in poultry show that selection response can still take place after 50 generations of selection or more. The mechanisms maintaining selection response in closed populations may involve recombination, mutation and epistatic interactions. Furthermore, the continuous addition of new selection criteria can delay the possible limit associated to single trait selection. Thus, selection response is mainly threatened by inbreeding which occurs as a consequence of a narrow genetic base and/or a poor management of genetic variability within the population. Biological limits are encountered when selection is degrading fitness traits to a point that the survival of individuals is affected. Biological limits induced by extreme performance can be by-passed by adapting the breeding programme, introducing new selection criteria, changing the management or developing remedial technologies. Extreme situations affecting bird welfare raise ethical issues. Lameness in broilers or spontaneous bone breakage in layers are painful and one may question whether such pain is justified by the human need for protein consumption. Regulations or market requirements may be set up to limit the performance at a level which is compatible with animal welfare, resulting in a voluntary limit to selection. Furthermore, highly performing animals need a very well controlled environment with high quality diets, which may divert food resources from humans and may not be sustainable. Breeding objectives have to integrate environmental impact and robustness towards the use of alternative feed sources, in addition to production level, product quality, health and welfare status.

The double-yolked egg: from the ‘miracle of packaging’ to nature’s ‘mistake’

A. SALAMON and J.P. KENT

Double-yolked (DY) eggs were mostly described in domestic prosocial species, and are rarely found in nature. It is estimated that 1-3% of domestic hen and duck eggs are DY.

DY eggs occur when two yolks are encapsulated in a single shell and therefore differ from SY eggs in their external and internal characteristics. In previous decades DY eggs were distinguished from SY eggs only by their external characteristics, and this proved to be wrong, as over 40% of DY eggs have similar external characteristics in terms of size and shape to SY eggs. The internal characteristics of DY eggs constrain their fertility. Yolks in DY eggs tend to be smaller, probably ovulated early and are thus immature, having a significant negative impact on their reproductive potential with lower fertility levels. Further, the presence of a second yolk facilitates additional albumen secretion with the size of each yolk determining the additional amount secreted. This creates a primacy effect, i.e. the first yolk in the oviduct could be fertilized, but the second may not be. The unique yolk and embryo positioning is associated with low hatchability. These factors reduce the reproductive potential of DY egg yolks individually or cumulatively. Thus the above supports the view that DY eggs are nature’s ‘mistake’ and are viewed here as an extreme end of a normal distribution of variation and is unlikely to evolve further in avian species. However, there is still potential for further non-invasive research using DY eggs, especially in studies of factors affecting fertility.

Do free-range systems have potential to improve broiler welfare in the tropics?

R. SÁNCHEZ-CASANOVA, L. SARMIENTO-FRANCO, C. PHILLIPS and Z. IDRUS

An insight into the impact of free-range systems on the main welfare problems for commercial-line broiler chicken production in tropical regions is provided. Much research has been conducted to mitigate the impact of conventional production systems on broilers welfare, but nearly all of these studies are based on the development of strategies to improve performance parameters in temperate regions, making it difficult to implement such approaches in tropical environments. Stocking density is one of the main housing variables that influences the birds’ development. Optimal stocking density ranges from 25 kg to 40 kg liveweight per m2, with no less than 1 m2 of outdoor area per bird in some cases, for a minimum of 8 hours of free-range access per day, according to welfare legislations in different jurisdictions worldwide. Several studies with commercial-line broiler chickens have shown that they are adapted to the environmental characteristics of tropical regions if temperature is below 30°C, relative humidity levels below 80% inside the housing and stocking density does not exceed 30 kg/m2. Therefore, Latin America has great potential for the implementation of free-range production system. The use of local resources, like forage plants for feed and natural materials with good thermal insulation properties for housing construction could be a good alternative to make this system feasible. C4 plants present in tropical ecosystems have a very high rate of water-use efficiency in temperatures between 30-35°C, which may increase the productivity of crops, fodder and pastures. Those plants are a good option to stimulate ranging in chickens, due to both their abilities as covering crop and fast growing. The review concludes that outdoor access has potential to improve broiler welfare in tropical regions, but it is still necessary to develop standards and regulations that ensure its proper functioning and, consequently, chickens’ welfare.

Impact of green tea (Camellia sinensis) and epigallocatechin gallate on poultry

M.E. ABD EL-HACK, S.S. ELNESR, M. ALAGAWANY, A. GADO, A.E. NORELDIN and A.A. GABR

Green tea is of interest due to its high content of pharmacologically active ingredients such as catechins, flavanols, flavadiols, flavonoids and phenolic acids. Green tea contains many polyphenolic compounds such as epicatechin, epicatechin gallate, epigallocatechin, and epigallocatechin gallate. The inclusion of green tea as a feed additive has been shown to improve growth performance and overall health of poultry. Previous studies have shown different results in the rate of improvement in body weight (between 1-10%) with the use of different doses of green tea (0.5, 1, 1.5, 2 and 3 mg/kg) in the diet. Using 1-2 mg green tea per kg in the broiler diet improved feed conversion ratio (FCR) by approximately 8%. Abdominal fat was decreased by 10-20% using 0.2-1.0% green tea extract in broiler diets. Improvements in egg production, egg mass and feed conversion values with inclusion rates of 1% green tea in feed, compared to a negative control, have been reported to be 5.6%, 6.8% and 7.8%, respectively. Green tea may improve the antioxidant status of poultry. Epigallocatechin gallate has been found to be over 100 times more effective in neutralising free radicals than vitamin C and 25 times more powerful than vitamin E.

Evaluation of dietary presence or use of cadmium in poultry

O.OLGUN, A.Ö. YILDIZ and A. ŞAHIN

Cadmium is a heavy metal and non-essential for animals. In practice, cadmium toxicity is quite rare in farm animals because the level of cadmium in commercial diets is very low. However, cadmium-contaminated feedstuffs in the diet may cause toxicity. The cadmium, which is absorbed from digestive system, accumulates in the body tissues, primarily kidney and liver, and causes metabolic and physiological inconveniences in the body. Hereby, economic losses occur due to the decrease in feed intake and egg production. It will cause mortality depending on the level and duration of exposure to cadmium. The toxic level of cadmium varies according to the bird species and their ages. Chickens are more sensitive to cadmium toxicity than quails. Lower dietary cadmium doses (<10 mg/kg) have positive effects on production performance and eggshell quality, but higher doses of cadmium (>10 mg/kg) cause economic losses due to worsening productive performance and eggshell quality in poultry. Dietary zinc, selenium, vitamins and plant extracts will help to eliminate the negative consequences of cadmium contamination in feedstuff. However, further studies are needed to determine the toxic level of cadmium, and the possible positive effects of cadmium on performance and product quality when used at lower doses in poultry.

Role of certain mushrooms on growth performance and physiological responses in broiler chickens

S.U. MAHFUZ, S.F. LONG and X.S. PIAO

Supplementing broiler diets with medicinal mushrooms is considered an effective alternative to prophylactic antibiotics. Feeding certain mushrooms may have beneficial effects on gut health in broilers, whereby trials have shown weight gain was increased about 5.2% when feeding 5% of the Hericium caput-medusae mushrooms in the diet. Both Salmonella spp. and E. coli numbers in the caecum were significantly lowered from 5.036 to 3.031 log10 CFU/g and from 5.405 to 4.759 log10 CFU/g when 50 g/kg or 30 g/kg of Flammulina velutipes mushrooms were included in feed, respectively, compared to an unsupplemented control group. Beneficial bacteria (Lactobacilli spp.) were found in significantly higher numbers (increased from 6.45 to 8.05 log10 CFU/g) and Bifidobacter spp. (increased from 6.28 to 7.77 log10 CFU/g of content) in the caecum of broilers fed 20 g/kg mushrooms (Agaricus biosporus) in feed. However, there is still disagreement in published articles on the dosages and mode of action of medicinal mushrooms in broilers. The following review covered the published trials investigating the uses of medicinal fungi on growth performance, meat quality and health status in broiler to date, and showed. that supplementation with medicinal fungi may have a role on the immunity, health and growth performance in broiler.

Marek’s disease: Time to review the emerging threat in Indian Poultry

T.R. KANNAKI and V. GOWTHAMAN

Marek’s disease (MD) is one of the re-emerging diseases in Indian poultry. MD outbreaks are reported from different parts of the country in spite of vaccination, causing major economic losses. Flock mortality of 10-40% was observed in vaccinated flocks during outbreaks, although MD is well controlled with vaccination. Almost 100% of the commercial poultry flocks are vaccinated at hatchery level. Bivalent (HVT+SB1 or HVT+301B/1) or monovalent (HVT) vaccines are used in India. In spite of the intensive vaccination practice, outbreaks are being reported from different parts of the world including India. MD virus (MDV) Indian field isolates from different outbreaks during last decade are categorised into virulent (vMDV) and very virulent (vvMDV) pathotypes based on different serotype 1 specific gene sequencing and in vivo pathotyping. The emergence of virulence in MDV is attributed to compromised bio-security, concurrent immunosuppressive diseases and vaccination failure. MD outbreaks in vaccinated flocks of Indian poultry flocks cause annual loss of approximately 4 crore Indian rupees. Country-wide surveillance and reporting of MD outbreaks and further characterization of the Indian field isolate should be taken as a priority. Reviewing the current vaccination strategy, and examining the need for the introduction of more effective vaccines that give better protection against the more virulent strains should be considered with equal importance along with improved bio-security measures, management practices and more effective control of immunosuppressive diseases.

The avian maternal environment: exploring the physiological mechanisms driving progeny performance

J.L. ANGOVE and R.E.A. FORDER

Environmental factors, both positive and negative, experienced by breeder hens during their reproductive life, can have a significant influence on the productive efficiency and health of their progeny. This is particularly important considering that commercial broilers spend a significant proportion of their life in ovo, and alterations to the in ovo environment can permanently ‘programme’ progeny endocrine pathways. The maternal environment is greatly influenced by factors, such as nutrition and stress, both of which play a significant role in the broiler breeder industry, due to feed restriction practices, ranging from 25-80% of the ad libitum intake. The effects of nutrition and stress on the maternal environment have been extensively investigated in mammalian literature, primarily focusing on the development and function of the hypothalamic-pituitary-adrenal axis (HPA) in offspring, including exposure to the stress hormone cortisol. Disruption of the HPA axis can inadvertently disrupt other important endocrine pathways, involved in growth and metabolism, including the growth hormone-insulin-like growth factor I axis (GH/IGF-I) and the hypothalamic-pituitary-thyroid axis (HPT). Any disruption or ‘reprogramming’ of the metabolic endocrine axes through maternal influences has been linked to variations in progeny performance, including growth rate and body composition. However, the underlying physiological mechanisms responsible for these phenotypic differences remain unclear, especially in poultry.

Chromolaena odorata as a potential feed additive bioresource to alleviate heat stress in chickens in the humid tropics

K.A. LARTEY, D.-J. KANG, Q.-H. ZHANG, C.-Q. SHI, F. YANG, H.-Y. LIN, R. GOONERATNE and J.-J. CHEN

Chromolaena odorata contains polyphenols and antioxidant enzymes that activate biology defence mechanisms and stress-sensing transcription factors to prevent oxidative damage and heat stress in chicken. Dietary inclusions of C. odorata leaf meal at 12%, and C. odorata crude flavonoids at 400 mg/kg/d exerted competitive exclusion to enhance gut eubiosis, humoral immunity, hypoglycaemia and metabolic functions, necessary to attenuate oxidative stress in chickens. Ethanol extract of the herbal plant at 25 – 400 µg/mL showed a strong antioxidant capacity in vitro, similar to 10- 80 µg/mL standard ascorbic acid. Chromomoric acid C- 1 from C. odorata methanol extract, at 10 µg also demonstrated anti-inflammatory potential by activating Nrf2 and suppressing NF-κB in a luciferase reporter assay at inhibition capacity (IC50) of 6.9 µM. These biological defence properties of the obnoxious weed have potential to maintain gut microbial homeostasis and gut integrity, enhance antioxidative physiologies for cellular oxidative balance, and mitigate oxidative damage required to alleviate heat stress. The invading nature of the plant in the humid tropics makes it a readily available and cheap bioresource. Hepatotoxic, mutagenic and cytotoxic evaluations suggest the aerial parts of the herbal plant is a safe bioresource for animal nutrition and sub-therapeutical uses.

Use of alfalfa meal in layer diets – a review

A.Ö. YILDIZ, E.T. ŞENTÜRK and O. OLGUN

Alfalfa meal is used in poultry diets because of its content of pigments and secondary metabolites. On average, alfalfa meal contains 17-20% crude protein, 1650 kcal/kg metabolisable energy, 20-25% crude cellulose, 1.50% calcium, 0.25% total phosphorus, 0.70% lysine, and 0.25% methionine, depending on the quality of the alfalfa meal. Alfalfa meal with a high content of beta carotene and xanthophyll is used to supplement poultry diets in order to obtain good yolk and skin pigmentation. In addition to producing good pigmentation, it is low in cholesterol because of the high cellulose content and anti-nutritional factors.

Although alfalfa meal is high in protein with moderate quality, its use is restricted because of the high cellulose content. The use of alfalfa meal in layer bird diets can reduce feed intake and egg production. On the other hand, it is very effective in reducing the cholesterol content of eggs and increasing the colour score of the yolk. The current recommendation is to restrict the use of alfalfa meal to 10% of the diet, although further research is needed on the use of additives to alfalfa-meal containing diets.

Characteristics of the Kashmir Anz geese breed

H. HAMADANI, A.A. KHAN and M.T. BANDAY

The local domestic geese breed of Kashmir Valley has now been registered as a recognized breed named ‘Kashmir Anz’, making it the first and the only recognized domestic geese breed in India as of now. Geese rearing in the Valley dates back to ancient times. They are reared for meat, eggs, and as a hobby in areas located around the water bodies. Kashmir Anz are cinnamon, white, and a mixture of cinnamon and white coloured geese with beak colour varying from black to yellow through all intermediates. Shanks are orange, and eyes are either grey or brown. Peculiarities like knob, dewlap and paunch is also present in some of these geese. Two Strains (or within breed types) of ‘Kashmir Anz’ breed include ‘Safed Anz’ and ‘Katchur Anz’. Sexual dimorphism on the basis of plumage and eye colour is absent. Vent sexing or vocalization method are the most accurate and practical methods of gender identification respectively. Adult body weight of the gander is 3.82 kg and that of the goose is 3.34 kg. The average body temperature, respiration rate and heart-rate is 40.05±0.15°C, 17.16±0.75 breaths min−1 and 60.57±5.09 beats min−1, respectively. The goose lays about 12 white-shelled eggs in a year, each weighing about 137 g on an average. Dressing percentage of a Kashmir Anz geese is 67.7%. The acceptability of its meat is good and significant proportion of consumers have rated it better than chicken meat as well as mutton in terms of appearance, texture, taste and overall acceptability.

Genetic selection of broilers and welfare consequences: a review

K.M. HARTCHER and H.K. LUM

The genetic selection of broilers over the past 60 years has focused narrowly and intensely on production traits, namely growth rate and feed efficiency. This has led to significant welfare problems in birds grown for meat, including leg disorders, cardiovascular diseases, and resulting high mortality rates, while the breeder birds are subjected to severe feed restriction. Bone problems such as bacterial chondronecrosis and tibia dyschondroplasia are prevalent, and recent studies have reported the prevalence of birds with moderate to severe gait impairment to be between 5.5 and 48.8%. Worldwide, over 66 billion broilers are slaughtered annually. This huge scale of meat chicken production means that welfare problems are widespread and are likely to increase in severity due to the increasing global human population, increasing demand for meat, and a continued focus on efficiency of production in the agricultural sector. The commercial broiler industry therefore represents some of the most serious animal welfare issues in agriculture. There is an urgent need to address these problems by making welfare traits high priorities in breeding programmes and integrating these with other breeding goals. Many studies recommend the use of slower-growing breeds that do not have the same welfare problems. Addressing these welfare issues is essential to improve bird welfare and for social acceptability and sustainability of the broiler industry worldwide.

 

Branch News

France

World's Poultry Congress 2020

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The French branch is in the process of finalizing the World's Poultry Congress (WPC2020), that will take place at the Palais de Congrès in Paris on August, 16-20, 2020. The objective of the Congress is: ‘Integrating knowledge for sustainable and diversified poultry productions’. On days 1 and 4, plenary lectures will address global challenges. On day 2 and 3, parallel sessions will feature at least four multidisciplinary ‘object oriented’ sessions in the morning and up to seven specialised sessions in the afternoon. Several early sponsors are already supporting the event and further applications are welcome.

Abstract submission closed on January 5th, 2020 with the reception of 1400 abstracts, currently under evaluation. The organising committee received nearly 1000 early bird registrations by December 31st, 2019. Regular registrations will continue at the regular price through March 31st, 2020, and at la higher price after. See https://www.wpcparis2020.com for detailed information about registration and the programme for WPC2020.

Christophe Bostvironnois, President, and Michel Duclos, secretary WPSA FranceChristophe Bostvironnois, President, WPSA France 

Germany

The German Branch proudly presents the speakers for the Spring Conference of the German Branch, which will be held at the University of Rostock on March 10-11, 2020. Registration is open until March 1st, 2020, and can be made by replying to ).

The programme will include:
Michael Oste et al., Dummerstorf: P-FOWL: Effects of differential phosphorus supply for poultry.
Gürbüz Daş et al., Dummerstorf: Does a dual purpose genotype differ from meat and layer type genotypes in terms of response to experimental nematode infections?
Vivian Goerlich-Jansson, Utrecht: The importance of the prenatal and early postnatal environment for the behavioural and physiological development of chickens.
Uwe Rösler, Berlin: ESBL and AmpC colonization of broilers - influence of hygiene and management.
Volker Siemers, Visbek: Exhaust air treatment in poultry farming - procedure, services, costs.
Susanne Rothstein, Göttingen: Larval meal produced from the black soldier fly as a potential protein supplier for broilers.

The German Branch will also host the 12th European Symposium on Poultry Genetics in Hannover, October 26th to 28th, 2021! More information to follow….

Inga Tiemann, Secretary, Germany Branch

Italy

The Italian Branch of WPSA is organizing the 56th edition of its annual meeting that will be held on April 24th, 2020 at the Palacongressi of Rimini (Italy), and it will deal with the topic: ‘Are We Pushing Broilers to Their Biological Limits?’ This emerging topic will be explored thanks to the contributions of a number of prestigious international speakers.

PROGRAMME

09:45   Opening Address, Martino Cassandro, President of Italian Branch of World’s Poultry Science Association
10:00  Applying Energy Balance Modelling to Assess the Limit of Efficiency of Broiler Chickens, Ilkka Leinonen, Natural Resources Institute (Finland)
10:30   Is gut functionality a limitation for maximizing growth, Birger Svihus, Norwegian University of Life Sciences (Norway)
11:00  Rapid Growth and Leg Weakness in Broilers, Bob Wideman, Jr., University of Arkansas (USA)
11:30  Fast Muscle Growth in Meat Quality Issues, Massimiliano Petracci, University of Bologna (Italy)
12:00   Consequences of the Breeding of Broilers for Rapid Growth and High Breast Meat Yield, and Their Genetic Mitigation, Avigdor Cahaner, The Hebrew University of Jerusalem (Israel)
12:30  Discussion and Conclusions
13:30  Lunch Break
14:30  Meeting of WPSA Members


On the day b2021 espnefore the meeting, WG2 members will visit the ‘Rimini Conference Centre’ where the 23rd edition of European Symposium on Poultry Nutrition (ESPN) will be hosted from September 20th to 23rd, 2021. The city of Rimini, is an ideal place for the European Symposium on Poultry Nutrition and the modern as well as eco-friendly venue is the perfect stage for the event. Many attendees including both poultry research scientists and practitioners, leading speakers from across the world joining together to explore the past, share the present and helping to forge the future of poultry meat science. More details are already available at the Symposia website: https://www.espn2021.eu/.

Massimiliano Petracci, Secretary, Italian Branch of WPSA
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Japan

The Journal of Poultry Science (JPS), the official scientific journal published by the Japan Poultry Science Association (JPSA), became a member of PubMed Central (PMC), and the articles of the journal can be accessed through the PubMed search engine. We welcome the contribution of original research articles and reviews to the JPS using the following web site: https://jpn-psa.jp/en/jps-en/.

The 2020 Spring Meeting of JPSA will be held at Kyoto University in Kyoto during 27–28 March where presentations of original research findings, a symposium, a general meeting and a council meeting will be organised. The council meeting will be held on March 27, and the presentations of research findings as well as the general meeting will be organised on March 28.

The presentations of original research findings will include 48 titles, 17 titles of which will be candidates for the Presentation Award of young researchers. The theme of the symposium is: ‘The needs of a Ph.D. status in the industries’. It will be a joint symposium with the Japan Animal Science Association. For The detailed information please see the JPSA website (http://jpn-psa.jp/oshirase/?lang=en).

The best paper award for young researchers will be announced, 2019 of the JPS will be announced during the general meeting. The General meeting members will also involve the election of new board members and the Secretary for the JPSA, including Japan’s councillor members for the World Poultry Science Association (WPSA) assembly in Paris. The officers will be elected to serve for the next two years.

The JPS (the official journal of JPSA, IF: 0.670) always welcomes the submission of reviews and original papers. Free access to download the full-published articles in JPS is available on J-Stage (https://www.jstage.jst.go.jp/browse/jpsa), which provides an excellent opportunity for all to access the published articles.

JPSA wants to contribute to poultry science, not only in Japan, but all over the globe by enhancing its international activities with JPSA members from different countries. Thus, JPSA has a membership category for foreign citizens residing abroad as ‘Special International Member’. The page charges to publish such member’s papers in the JPS are set the regular membership price. JPSA invariably welcomes new members from all over the world. Please visit our JPSA website (http://jpn-psa.jp/?lang=en) for further information.

Naoki Goto, Secretary of WPSA Japan Branch

New Zealand

The 2020 New Zealand Poultry Industry Conference will be held on 6-7 October 2020, in Nelson, New Zealand

IReza Abdollahi, Secretary, New Zealand Branch

Russia

Scientific communication with industry: The VNITIP Federal Scientific Centre of the Russian Science Academy in Serguiev Posad, Moscow Region, recognises the importance of scientific communication with the industry and has a programme to encourage this effort. Every year more than 1000 experts from Russia and abroad attend lectures from leading scientists in poultry industry areas, exchange experiences and discuss innovations from local and foreign poultry science efforts in Ptitsegrad. All are welcome to attend the courses in Serguiev Posad.

Tatiana Vasilieva, Secretary

 

Spain

The Spanish branch of WPSA organises the 7th Mediterranean Poultry Summit that will be held from March 25-27, 2020 in the city of Córdoba. More than 250 attendees are expected at this meeting from more than 30 countries. Scientists will present about 100 scientific communications covering many topics of poultry science, especially on topics important for the Mediterranean area.
In addition, 15 guest speakers will provide keynote presentations during the sessions. Several workshops will also be held. Speakers such as Michael Czarick, who will chair a workshop on ventilation or Wim Tondeur, who will chair a workshop on slaughtering problems, will be among the guest stars for the event. All information on the Mediterranean Poultry Summit is available at: www.mpn-wpsa.org

Carlos Garcés Narro, Secretary, Spain Branch

Turkey

The General Assembly of the WPSA Turkish Branch, which is held every three years, met on 21 January 2020. After the approval of the activity report, elections were held for new board members. The following members were elected:

President: Prof. Dr Rüveyde Akbay
Vice-President: Dr Kemal Akman
Secretary: Prof. Dr Kâzım Şahin
Treasurer: Assoc. Prof. Dr Cengizhan Mızrak
Board Member: Mr. Gülbenk Yalçın
Board Member: Mr. Yüce Canoler
Board Member: Prof. Dr Sezen Özkan

In the first board meeting held after the General Assembly, it was decided to organise a symposium with the title ‘Hormones, Antibiotics and GDO in Poultry Meat.’ That symposium will be held on 19 March in Ankara to inform the general public about the status of these factors, and to dispel misconceptions regarding the occurrence of these items in poultry products.
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Prof. Dr Sezen Özkan, Secretary, WPSA Turkish Branch

United Kingdom

New Opportunity: The GD Rosen Academic Career Advancement Award

The UK branch is pleased to announce a new Academic Career Advancement Award in memory of Professor Gordon D Rosen. Gordon contributed a highly logical and very descriptive approach to animal nutrition from the 1960s through to just a few years before his death in 2015. A full obituary for him is available in volume 71 of World’s Poultry Science Journal. He was an inspirational person whose curiosity and gently framed yet penetrating questions made him a legend. There is a generation of scientists influenced by his presence – always in the front row – of scientific meetings, and now his wife Vanda would like to encourage other scientists to develop their own inquisitiveness through this new award.

The GD Rosen Academic Career Advancement Award provides £2000 each year to fund an academic adventure. With this aim, the award is open in nature, while particularly encouraging people to become multidisciplinary in their approach to research. The award is open to UK branch members who are within their early career spanning from 2 years to 5 years post PhD viva. Examples of proposals might include a request to attend an academic conference (particularly one outside your core field), support for an educational tour of another country or global region, support to visit another institution to learn a new technique or approach, or support to publish a major research output in a journal requiring publication fees.

Proposal forms and conditions of the GD Rosen Award can be found on the WPSA-UK website.
The DEADLINE for this years APPLICATIONS was 30th January 2020.

Dr Emily Burton, UK Branch Secretary

USA

The coalition of North American branches of WPSA (USA, Canada and Mexico) is excited to announce that the coalition is in the process of developing a bid to host the XXVII World’s Poultry Congress in 2024. We have selected Toronto, Canada, as our proposed site for this event and look forward to sharing more bid information with our WPSA colleagues over the next few months leading up to the World’s Poultry Congress this summer in Paris.

Bob Buresh, WPSA Senior Vice President, and Secretary USA Branch

 

WPSA Calendar

For all WPSA meetings see the WPSA Calendar

28
Sep
Date: 28 September 2021

05
Oct
Date: 05 October 2021

07
Oct
Main Auditorium PMAS-AAUR, Rawalpindi, Pakistan
Date: 07 October 2021

Travel Grant Programme

For information about the Travel Grant Programmes click here.

 

Travel Grants can only be requested for WPSA events.

Only WPSA members can apply.

 

Travel Grant application forms

Speakers' Bureau Programme

For information about the Speakers' Bureau Programme click here.

 

Gold Sponsors

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