In 1962, on the occasion of the 12th World's Poultry Congress in Sydney, Australia, the World's Poultry Science Association instituted the Macdougall Award for meritorious service to the Association and the Poultry Industry. The first recipient of the Award was Major Ian Macdougall, present Secretary of WPSA in whose honour a Gold Medal (World's Poultry Science Journal 18(4) 1962: 371) was struck to accompany the Award.
The second recipient of the Award, Dr Gustave Frederick Heuser, was unanimously selected on the occasion of the 13th Congress during August, 1966, in Kiev, USSR. Formal announcement of the Award was made on the occasion of the First Annual Meeting of the USA Branch of WPSA, held in connection with the Fact Finding Conference of the Institute of American Poultry Industries in Kansas City, Missouri, on February 10, 1967.
Dr Heuser became a member of WPSA in 1923. He was appointed Secretary-Treasurer during the same year, succeeding the late Professor Lippincott. Dr Heuser was Editor of Poultry Science, the American poultry research journal from 1922 to 1941. In 1945 he became Editor for WPSA, reviving the official organ of the Association under its present name, the World's Poultry Science Journal. On retirement from Cornell University in 1957, he resigned editorship of the Journal. Dr Heuser was appointed Honorary Past Secretary of WPSA, when he resigned his Treasurer and Assistant-Secretary duties in 1958.
As an Officer of the Association, Dr Heuser attended nine World's Poultry Congresses as follows: 1924-2nd, Barcelona, Spain, 1927-3rd, Ottawa, Canada, 1930-4th, London, England, 1936-6th Leipzig, Germany, 1939-7th, Cleveland, Ohio, 1948-8th Copenhagen, Denmark, 1951-9th Paris, France, 1954-10th Edinburgh, Scotland, 1958-11th, Mexico City, Mexico.
Dr Heuser was the third person in the USA to receive a PhD degree in Poultry Science. In 1918 he was appointed Assistant Professor at Cornell University where he had been Instructor since 1916. While on leave of absence from Cornell University during the year 1926-27, he initiated poultry work at Dartington Hall School and Estate, Totnes, Devon, England. He was promoted to Professor of Poultry Husbandry in 1922 and Professor Emeritus on his retirement in 1957. Since 1957 Dr Heuser has been Consultant-Director of Research for the Stone Mountain Grit Co. of Lithonia, Georgia.
In the USA Dr Heuser's activities have emphasized research and teaching in poultry nutrition. His first book was published by John Wiley and Sons, Feeding Poultry, in 1946 with a 2nd edition, 1955 in English and Spanish languages. He was co-author of Poultry Management, a J.B. Lippincott Co. book by Heuser, Hall and Bruckner published in 1952. Dr Heuser's technical and semi-technical articles on poultry nutrition number in excess of 200.
Dr Heuser has received several awards including election to Fellow of A.A.A.S. in 1934 and Fellow of P.S.A. in 1945. In 1951 he was decorated by the Government of France as Officer "du Merite Agricole". He is a member of the honour society of Sigma Xi and the American Association of University Professors.
World's Poultry Science Journal (1967) 23(2): 164-165