Dr Payne was born in the UK in 1935 and died in Australia in 1977. He graduated with First Class Honours in Agriculture from the University of Nottingham, UK in 1957 and obtained his PhD at the Royal Veterinary College London in 1960. Dr Payne was appointed Lecturer in Animal Production at the University of Nottingham, School of Agriculture where he worked until, in 1967, at the age of 32 he joined the University of Sydney as Research Director of the poultry Husbandry Research Foundation.
He was promoted to Associate Professor in 1973. In 1975 he was given the Australian Poultry Award.
Charles Payne's main contributions to poultry science form his early research studies at the University of Nottingham, England, centred on the relevance of environmental factors to poultry performance. In particular, his observations on egg production introduced 'environmental-nutrition interactions' as important criteria in enabling hens to be kept more profitably over a greater range of climatic conditions than previously accepted. He drew attention to the fact that inferior production associated with increasing temperatures was often due to inadequacies in dietary composition due to a failure to appreciate the importance of variations in voluntary food intake at different temperatures.
On moving to Australia as Research Director of the Poultry Husbandry Research Foundation, University of Sydney, Charles Pa7ne assumed an important role in devising and implementing research strategies fro the major poultry nutrition research centre in that country. His major interests centred on the role of micronutrients in poultry nutrition, the importance of alternative protein sources in poultry diets and in defining the amino acid requirements of Australian stock. He was instrumental in setting up the first organised amino acid analytical serve for industry which for many years proved the major source of information on the amino acid composition of Australian feedstuffs.
Charles Pyne's most outstanding achievement was the discovery of the causal role of biotin in the 'fatty liver and kidney syndrome'. This vital connection was identified in 1973 and proved to be of great economic significance to the international broiler industry. Subsequent research towards the end of his career identified the existence of trace nutrient deficiencies which he termed 'new nutritional disease'. These concerned, in particular, molybdenum, pyridoxine and folic acid.
During his time in Australia, from 1967 until his death in 1977, Charles Pa7ne trained many outstanding students who became leaders in the Australian poultry industry. His participation in the training of numerous overseas students, especially those from South-East Asia, helped the poultry industries of many developing countries.
During his career Charles Payne published prolifically in both the scientific and popular press. He was a prominent speaker and participant at Poultry Conventions, both in Australia and overseas. He was principally an enthusiastic innovator of new ideas. He had an enormous flair for solving practical problems within the industry but his approachability, concern and enthusiasm for the industry, and his breadth of knowledge and expertise in poultry affairs, is how he will be remembered by all who knew him.
Nominated by Australia