Dr Frederick Bruce Hutt was born in Guelph, Ontario, Canada, on August 20, 1897.
His undergraduate studies were at the Ontario Agricultural College (now the University of guelph), and he received master's degrees from the University of Wisconsin (genetics) and the University of Manitoba (zoology). The University of Edinburgh awarded him a PhD (genetics) in 1929, and in 1939 conferred upon him a DSc (genetics).
He served as Lecturer, Assistant Professor, and Associate Professor at the University of Manitoba, and then for three years was Professor at the University of Minnesota.
In 1934 he moved to Cornell University where he was Professor and Head of the Poultry Department. Following a five year interim as Professor and Head of the Zoology Department at Cornell, he returned to the Poultry Department as Professor. In 1965 he retired with the rank of Emeritus Professor of Animal Genetics at Cornell.
He is the author of more then 250 scientific papers in various journals, and he has published four textbooks. Among the latter are Genetics of the Fowl (1949) and Animal Genetics (1964), both widely used as textbooks in universities throughout the world. Genetics of the Fowl has been translated into both Spanish and Polish; it is still the 'bible', sought and treasured by poultry breeders and geneticists everywhere.
He has served on the Editorial Board of the Journal of Heredity, and has been a visiting lecturer at numerous universities in the USA and in Ireland. Among his many awards have been the Borden Award, and Tom Newman Memorial International Award for Poultry Research, and an honorary Doctor of Science from his alma mater, the University of Guelph. He is a member of the American Poultry Hall of Fame, and is an Honorary Fellow of the Royal Society of Edinburgh.
Dr Hutt has never lost the ability to combine teaching with a strong research programme. He has been a strong leader in the application of genetics for resistance to disease, concentrating on the "avian leucosis complex", pullorum disease, and nutritional diseases. He demonstrated that such successful use of genetics selection for resistance to disease could be combined with selection for other economic traits, important to the industry world-wide and effective even when combined with other modern disease control measures.
His initial report on sex-linked dwarfism, followed by a detailed report in 1959 citing the effects of the gene on many other important innovations in poultry breeding, including measuring egg production to a given age (500 days), the "double shift" procedure for testing young males as sires, and the application of the concept of selecting breeders on the performance of their progeny (the progeny test).
Throughout a distinguished research career, Dr Hutt never lost his interest in teaching students. At the undergraduate level he pioneered a new course in Animal Genetics which he taught to generations of veterinary students prior to his retirement. For many years he taught a course in Poultry Genetics, primarily to graduates. Believing in the importance of close and direct professor/graduate student relationships he steadfastly limited the numbers. Nevertheless more than a score of his students have gone on to distinguish themselves at various institutions throughout the country.
Dr Hutt continues to reside near the Cornell campus in central New York State.
Nominated by United States of America