|Volume 45, December 2018||Newsletter Editor: Dr G.B. Havenstein, ghavenst [AT] ncsu [DOT] edu|
Board meeting 2018
The annual board meeting was held 16-17 September 2018 in Dubrovnik, Croatia, prior to the European Poultry Conference. Discussions covered aspects of the future of WPSA, stimulation and support of branches, the WPS journal, and the changes of the Constitution regarding the organization of World’s Poultry Congresses. With regard to the latter, documents are on our website.
WPSA presence at exhibitions and conferences
In November the Algerian and Maghreb conference in Constantine, Algeria organized by the Algerian branch was attended. During this two day meeting many topics were discussed; papers on diseases and disease prevention especially gave very lively discussions amongst the participants.
For 11-12 December 2018, the Pakistan branch has organized a Health and Welfare conference in Rawalpindi, Pakistan.
For 5-6 March and 7-9 March 2019, the Bangladesh branch is organizing their bi-annual Poultry Show and seminar in Dhaka, Bangladesh.
For 13-17 May 2019, the 1st Panafrican Poultry Conference will be organized in Lomé, Togo. Further details are provided on www.wpsa.com.
Members and all interested persons are invited to attend these events and to meet many other WPSA members and representatives.
WPSA representatives will be present at the International Production and Processing Expo (12-14 February 2019) in Atlanta, USA; and, VIV Asia (13-15 March 2019), Bangkok, Thailand. Promotional materials of WPSA, the WPS Journal, WPC 2020, and other symposia and conferences will be on display. We expect to meet with many members during these events.
Details on all meetings and exhibitions can be found in the calendar on our website.
Change of officers European Federation
During the European Poultry Conference in Dubrovnik, Croatia, Dr. Estella Prukner-Radovcic, Croatia was elected president, and is the successor of Prof Birger Svihus, Norway, who was the president for the last 4 years. WPSA Spain will organize the next EPC 2022 in Valencia, Spain.
WPSA has several programmes to support members and branches. Details on the travel grant programmes, the speakers’ bureau programme, and proposals for Branch development, can be found on the WPSA website. Criteria for eligibility are published together with the (different) deadlines for the individual programmes. Please follow the instructions as inaccurate, incomplete and late applications have to be rejected.
Cooperation with the organization on World Veterinary Education in Production Animal Health (WVEPAH)
The WVEPAH, a non-profit organization organizes training courses on poultry (for 3 à 4 weeks) in several countries. More details are on www.wvepah.org. All activities will also be announced on our website and in the WPS Journal.
On 25 May 2018, the European Union’s General Data Protection Regulation (GDPR) came into effect. In order to comply with this regulation (and data protection regulations in other parts of the world), the data privacy page on our website, explains how we collect personal data and in what way we use them.
Dr Roel Mulder
I must start this short report by congratulating Dr. Estella Prukner-Radovcic (Croatia), first for her organization of a most successful European Poultry Conference (EPC) in Dubrovnik. It has been reported that this was the largest agricultural conference ever held in that part of Europe. She and her colleagues worked as if they were a veteran conference organizing team and even had to turn away many, who waited too late to register. Second, Dr. Prukner-Radovcic is the newly elected President of the European Federation and is our newest member on the WPSA Board.
The Board met in Dubrovnik before the EPC and we were joined by another new member, Dr. S. Sriboonsue (Thailand). He was elected several months ago as the new President of the Asian Pacific Federation. The Board met for 1.5+ days and worked through the long agenda. I presented the Treasurer’s Report on the 2017 financial records. Included in that report were positive details on payments from the Journal’s Sponsors and Advertisers, as well as the payment of dues from Branches. While we are still experiencing problems with some of our service providers who do not bill promptly, there is NO issue with WPSA having the ability to pay all its obligations. WPSA had a gain in terms of its continuing operations, that is Income exceeded Expenses. The Association’s portfolio of investments also performed very well, providing a healthy balance as we entered 2018.
I just returned last week from the USA’s 4-H National Poultry and Egg Conference in Louisville, Kentucky. The United States of American Branch of WPSA is a sponsor of this event. For those of you unfamiliar with 4-H, it is the official youth programme of the Land Grant Universities in the United States. Children across the country, who sign up for ‘4-H Poultry’ are involved in raising all types of exhibition and/or exhibition poultry, as well as studying many aspects of poultry science. While I have been an official at this Conference for over 30 years, I never cease to be impressed with the quality of the youth and their enthusiasm for poultry. A big ‘salute’ to my home WPSA Branch for fostering the growth of this valuable programme.
As we look at the final page of the 2018 calendar, I send my wishes to all of you that you end the year in good health and remain active in your local Branches throughout 2019.
Dr Francine Bradley, Treasurer
Branch Development Programme
In the Board meeting held during WPC2016 in Beijing, China, the Board decided to increase the funds available for Branch Development by making a formal call for Branch Development Proposals. In 2018 we approved proposals from Croatia and Senegal.
For more information click here.
Next deadline for submission of Branch Development Proposals is January 1st.
The Algerian Association of Poultry Science (WPSA Branch-Algeria) organized in parallel with the 5th Symposium of Poultry Science, the 2th Maghreb Day of Poultry Production (JMA), 3 and 4 November 2018 at the Hotel El-Khayem in Constantine (Algeria). 150 people took part in the event. The organization of such events was initially aimed at bringing scientific communities closer to the Maghreb countries (Morocco, Tunisia and Algeria) with the aim of strengthening friendly and fraternal bonds. Secondly, it allows the exchange of scientific information in the field poultry sector. Various issues concerning the poultry production were raised and discussed during these two events. They concern the current state of the poultry sector in the Maghreb countries. Topics on the poultry welfare, feed additives, quality of poultry products (egg and meat), use of antibiotics and especially viral diseases (IA, IB, ILT) were discussed by the participants. A total of 31 oral presentations and 12 posters were presented during this event. The guest of honor at this meeting was Dr. Roel Mulder, Secretary General World's Poultry Association. With the help of the development programme of the WPSA branch, we invited 4 lecturers and offered 4 scholarships for PhD students.
- Our Branch website was updated both in the Turkish and English versions.
- In order to increase interest in our branch Prof. Dr. Erol Şengör gave a conference at Ankara University on the importance of poultry meat and eggs and enlightened the audience about the activities of our branch and the relevance it holds in the poultry sector.
- Members from the Ankara University Alumni Association visited the Beypi integrated poultry plant. Among the 40 visitors to the plant were very influential alumni from many different professions who have clout in their respective areas. This was a vital opportunity to inform them about many misconceptions regarding the poultry sector and poultry products.
- A master’s student from Ege University Agricultural Faculty Serdar Yıldırım Aydın gave a seminar about “Incubation Temperature and Leg Problems in Broilers”. This was held with the expectation that it would increase further interest in the subject and improve the student’s public speaking skills.
- During the National Poultry Congress held in Niğde, three high level officials from the Ministry of Food, Agriculture and Livestock were invited and they could gain insight into the workings of our branch and WPSA in general.
- The most post important presentations of the EPC 2018 conference held in Dubrovnik this September were translated into Turkish and presented to the Ankara Poultry Research Institute. These were disseminated to interested parties.
The total cost of the activities was US $ 2000.00.
Prof. Dr. Rüveyde Akbay
President of the WPSA Turkish Branch
Dubrovnik, Croatia, 17-21 September 2018
Organised by the WPSA Croatian Branch, the XVth European Poultry Conference was held in Dubrovnik, Croatia, from September 17-21st. It was held under the auspices of the President of the Republic of Croatia Kolinda Grabar Kitarović, Ministry of Agriculture, Faculty of Veterinary Medicine, Faculty of Food Technology and Biotechnology, Faculty of Agriculture and the Croatian Veterinary Chamber. The conference gathered 1487 participants from 72 countries from all over the world, and it was the largest agricultural conference ever held in this part of Europe. Altogether, 12 plenary lectures were presented by leading world scientists, as well as 230 oral and 285 poster presentations, in 22 parallel sections.
During the opening ceremony, the EPC 2018 was officially opened by the President of the European Federation of the WPSA Prof. Birger Svihus and the participants were also greeted by Chairlady Prof. Estella Prukner Radovcic, President of the WPSA-Croatian Branch and the mayor of the Dubrovnik-Neretva County Slaven Dobroslavić.
During the conference, a 15th Meeting of the Council of the EF WPSA was held, at which a new leadership was elected by secret ballot. President of the Croatian branch of the WPSA, Prof. Estella Prukner Radovcic was elected as the President of the EF WPSA. Prof. Michael Grashorn was re-elected as the secretary and treasurer, and Prof. Birger Svihus was elected as the past president. In the balloting for the next European Poultry Conference venue (voting for The Netherlands or Spain) it was decided that the 16th EPC will be held in 2022 in Valencia (Spain).
A Youth programme was organised for young scientists who actively participated to the conference. Altogether 22 of them got the opportunity to visit poultry producers (broilers and laying hen farms) near Zagreb, but also to exchange knowledge and build new friendship during the four-day post-conference programme.
Together with an exceptional scientific programme, numerous social events were also organised, as Welcome cocktail and Gala dinner, held in medieval fortress Revelin.
The organisers would specially like to thank the WPSA and all sponsors-diamond, gold, silver and other contributors, for their contribution to the successful organisation of the EPC 2018!
The European Federation has numerous conferences planned between now and the end of 2019.
News from a number of European Federation's working groups is provided below.
WPSA European Working Group News
The next European Symposium on Poultry Nutrition (ESPN2019) will be organised by the Polish Branch, and will be held in Gdansk, Poland from 10-13 June 2019. We will look forward to seeing all of you there.
Eggs and Egg Quality
European Working Group 4 (Egg Quality) has two new chairpersons: Cristina Alamprese (University of Milan, Italy) and Joël Gautron (INRA, France). They took over the leadership of WG4 from Maureen Bain just after the European Poultry Conference that was held in Dubrovnik (Croatia) in September 2018. We would like to thank Maureen for her work on behalf of WG4 and for her attention related to research topics on egg quality.
It is our intention to continue the work of WG4 while increasing the networking activities among all the Group’s members, in order to create a strong team that is able to answer any new challenges for the egg sector at both a scientific and industrial levels, without forgetting the importance of good communication with the society. The network will continue to provide support to the organizers of WPSA events in order to develop scientific programmes about eggs and egg quality, and to identify possible speakers. Moreover, we believe in the importance of identifying research funding possibilities in order to boost research in the egg and egg product fields.
As usual, there is much work to do but we trust in the cooperation of all the members!
WG4 currently has representatives from 21 countries and meets every 2 years at a key WPSA event. Every other year the group holds its own joint ‘EGGMEAT’ symposia with WG5 (Poultry Meat Quality). The aim of these symposia is to bring like-minded people together to discuss hot topics in the field of egg and meat quality.
|Associate Professor in Food Science and Technology at the Department of Food, Environmental and Nutritional Sciences of the University of Milan (Italy).
Research interests: Quality of fresh eggs; Technological treatment of egg products; Functional properties (gelling, whipping, and emulsifying capacity; rheological behaviour) of eggs and egg products; Influence of egg ingredients on food product quality; and Technological properties of poultry meat.
E-mail: cristina [DOT] alamprese [AT] unimi [DOT] it
|Research Director, Biology of birds and Poultry research Unit UR0083, head of the team «Egg Defences, valorisation, evolution», Institut National de la Recherche Agronomique, Nouzilly, France.
Research interests: Biochemistry and molecular biology related to egg formation and its quality; High-throughput methodology to identify and characterize biological activities related to natural egg defences; Physiology of chicken egg formation; and, Mechanisms of eggshell biomineralisation.
E-mail: joel [DOT] gautron [AT] inra [DOT] fr
Cristina Alamprese & Joël Gautron, Co-Chairs WG4
Poultry Meat Quality
The ‘XXIV European Symposium on the Quality of Poultry Meat’ will be conjointly held with the ‘XVIII European Symposium on the Quality of Eggs and Egg Products’ in Çeşme, İzmir, Turkey between 23 -26 June 2019. Visit http://www.eggmeat2019.com to keep you updated. Special reduced registration fees are available for WPSA members and students.
Incubation and Fertility Research Group (IFRG)
2018 IFRG Meeting – Edinburgh, Scotland
October 4th – October 5th
For 2018, the IFRG meeting was held at the 5th floor of the Holiday Inn hotel in Edinburgh. The scenic view over Pink Hill Park and Edinburgh Zoo offered all 57 participants a sunny atmosphere during the two days of the meeting. We all experienced a friendly and informative meeting not least because we met several colleagues with similar interests, as became clear during coffee breaks, lunches and the conference dinner.
This 43rd IFRG meeting offered an interesting programme, including a workshop and presentations related to the biology of avian reproduction and the practice of incubation technology. The programme was the result of the combined efforts of Glenn Baggott (IFRG board, ed. British Poultry Science, London, UK) and Marleen Boerjan (President IFRG, WPSA WG 6, Pas Reform). This year we were able to organise the lectures offered by participants into sessions opened by 3 invited speakers.
Thanks to the talent for improvisation of the complete Aviagen incubation team, we were able to organize a workshop ‘embryo-staging’ led by invited speaker Murray Bakst, a recognized experienced consultant in fertility and early embryonic development of poultry. With the practical help of Ampai Nangsuay and Serdar Őzlü, embryos were collected from fresh eggs. Thereafter Murray Bakst and Guo Jun discussed the embryonic stage, according to the Eyal-Gyladi staging system.
A second invited speaker Professor Maureen Bain (Glasgow University) presented an overview and new insights into the ultrastructure of the eggshell. In addition, she focused on the importance of the cuticle to protect the egg content from vertical contamination by E.coli or Salmonella. Finally, she advised us to include routinely the staining of cuticle in egg quality control practices.
Hatchery managers encounter more and more influences of incubation conditions on the quality and performance of day old chicks and poults. The positive as well as negative effects of high and low incubation temperatures are known and are discussed often. Professor Warren Burggren from the University of North Texas, USA, was invited to speak about the epigenetic implications of incubation on the embryonic and foetal development. In his intriguing presentation, he showed how the developing embryo responds, in a critical phase, to environmental conditions by (1) complete phenotypic adaptations (developmental plasticity), (2) programming/training of the foetus and (3) epigenetic alterations of gene expression. In commercial incubation practice, these different but related phenomena are often unknown or ignored. From the presentation, we learned how the level of RH during certain critical phases of development influences the development of glomeruli in the primordial kidney.
In Session 1: Embryo quality, egg handling and egg storage four speakers showed how the genetic background, age of the parents and treatment of fresh eggs affects the stage of the embryo and, consequently, early mortality during incubation. Ewa Łukaszewicz (University of Wroclaw, Poland) researching the stage of development in different goose breeds and flock ages reported the interesting observations that the stage of embryonic development at oviposition was dependent on laying season and breed. Also the need for a correct and routine staging of the embryos in fresh or stored eggs after short period of incubation (SPIDES, heat-treatments) was clear from the three presentations related to egg handling in the farm and hatchery.
Ampai Nangsuay (Aviagen, Asia Pacific) presented data on embryo stage in eggs collected under field conditions in a tropical climate. It was observed and concluded that the local environmental conditions (transport and temperature) influenced the rate of embryo development during storage. The eggs from prime flocks had to be transported over a long period and distance at temperatures above 22 °C. As a consequence the embryos developed from an average stage 10.3 to stage 11.7 during prolonged transport at high temperatures. The eggs from an old flock were cooled below 22 °C within 5 ½ h and did not show any development after transport.
Okan Elibol from Ankara University, Turkey, concluded that the hatchability differences between eggs from young and old flocks induced by rapid cooling might depend on the differences in embryonic development at oviposition. He presented data on the effect of the profile of egg cooling after oviposition on stage of embryo and finally hatchability. The stage of embryonic development was advanced by controlled cooling compared to rapid cooling and in the eggs from the older flock. The rapid cooling resulted in a lower hatchability because early mortality and the number of second class chicks were increased especially for eggs derived from younger flocks (28 weeks).
Tolga Erkus (Aviagen, UK) presented results of 3 or 5.5 hours exposure above 32°C at day 5 of a total storage period of 14 days of eggs from two grandparent flocks (34 wks and 54 wks). After the treatment the stage of the embryos (n=15) was evaluated and the longer period of treatment resulted in, as expected, an advanced stage of development and resulted in a better hatchability compared to the 3.5-hr treatment.
Joanna Rosenberger, a PhD student from Wroclaw University is studying the behavioural aspects of Capercaillie (Tetrao urogallus) during incubation. In her first presentation, she discussed whether improper turning might explain the high levels of early mortality during artificial incubation. In her second lecture, she discussed how knowledge of female behaviour and egg storage in the nests might help to improve artificial incubation results.
In Session 2: Egg quality, more basic aspects of egg quality were discussed before the presentation of Professor Maureen Bain. Utilising new research on embryonic development during egg formation in the hen (South-Korean University), Marleen Boerjan (Pas Reform, the Netherlands) discussed pre-gastrulation embryonic development in the hen as it has been shown that gastrulation gene expression might be initiated in the oocyte during yolk development. In short, without the pre-gastrulation development in the uterus of the hen, the gastrulation-related cell movements cannot occur, with increased rates of early mortality as a consequence.
Roger Banwell (Petersime, Belgium) presented new hatchability data in experiments related to specific gravity of eggs, egg weight loss and RH levels and concluded that hatchability of eggs in the medium (1.070- 1.085 gm/cm3) specific gravity class is highest compared to ‘low’ and ‘high’ specific gravity eggs. Specific gravity was found to be a better predictor for hatchability than percentage egg weight loss.
Session 3: Epigenetics, incubation and chick vitality was introduced by the lecture of Prof. Warren Burggren and followed by five presentations addressing several aspects of incubation technology and chick quality.
Juan Lopez (Hendrix Genetics, Canada) and Roos Molenaar presented new data on incubation temperatures measured and controlled as eggshell temperature (EST). Lopez showed that incubation of turkey eggs at low (99.2- 99.6 °F) eggshell temperatures compared to high (99.8-101 °F) resulted in higher hatchability, higher body weights at hatch and higher yolk free body mass.
Roos Molenaar (Adaptation Physiology Group, Wageningen University, the Netherlands) studied the effects of a combination of high EST (38.9 °C) during second week of incubation and low EST (36.7 °C) in the third week on body weight and selected bone characteristics; hatch results were not addressed. In these experiments, no effect on body weight and length of the tibia at slaughter age was found. The high temperature during the second week resulted in a slightly thicker bone and higher bone strength. A lower temperature in the third week resulted in a 5 hr-longer incubation duration and lower bone strength.
Keith Bramwell (Jamesway Incubators, Canada) presented the results of experiments related to feed and water in hatcher baskets. The hatch window was divided in four periods and chicks received water and feed immediately when all chicks of the specific period had hatched. From this research it is concluded that access to feed and water prior to chick placement at the farm had no influence on final body weight, feed conversion and mortality overall.
Serdar Őzlű (Ankara University, Turkey) studied the influence of hatching time and post-hatch holding time on yolk sac weight and live performance. The whole hatch window was divided in (1) early hatch (471-474 h), (2) middle hatch (483-486 h) and late hatch (493-496 h) and from all hatch periods, half of the chicks were held for 18 h and 30 h before they received feed. The chicks stored post hatch for 30 h consumed more feed the first 7 days and had a higher 7 days body weight but at day 35 all chicks had a similar body weight.
Development of the microbiome in day old chicks
Jean de Oliveira summarized the research at R&D Cargill, Belgium, on the origin of the intestinal microbiome in day old broiler chicks held under commercial conditions. The results showed that in 5 out the 6 flocks studied there was a strong link, similarity, between microbiota of the parent breeder and offspring in an integrated poultry operation. As a result of vertical transmission from breeder to offspring Salmonella was found in one of 6 flocks.
Two posters from a research consortium of the University of Pisa (Italy) and INRA- Centre Val de Loire (France) were presented on genetic selection on meat traits of broilers and consequences induced on reproductive performances. From the research presented in both posters it can be concluded that genetic selection for high ultimate pH of the meat measured 24 hr after slaughter results in lower reproductive performance as shown by poorer quality hatching eggs, higher embryo mortality and lower hatchability.
The INRA research group also presented a poster on multigenerational effects of heat manipulation on body temperature and growth in broiler chicks. The study addressed the effects of heat treatments during incubation on body temperature and growth in the two following generations. The thermal manipulation used during embryonic development consisted of increasing the incubation temperature of eggs up to 39.5 °C and relative humidity to 65% for 12 h/d between days 7 and 16 of incubation. The results showed for the first time evidence of a multigenerational effect of heat stimulation during embryogenesis on growth and thermoregulation in fast-growing chickens. It seems that the responses to thermal manipulations are sex-dependant.
Julia George and David Clayton (Queen Mary University, London, UK) presented a poster about the DNA methylation pattern in zebra finch embryos exposed briefly to vocal signals. It was confirmed that the zebra finch embryos react to environmental signals by epigenetic changes, which can be detected by altered DNA-methylation pattern.
Ewa Łukaszewicz and colleagues (University of Wrocław, Poland) presented a poster addressing the enrichment of broiler sperm extender, diluent, for broiler sperm by organic additives. It was concluded that the implementation of organic additives had a positive effect on broiler sperm quality. However, the positive effects lasted for only 6 hours, thereafter the number of live sperm decreased.
Sylvian Briere and colleagues (Hendrix Genetics Turkeys and INRA Nouzilly) presented a poster related to the collection of data for genetic selection strategies. It is concluded that the application of CT-scans technology generates data not only on adipose tissue and bone composition but also about egg, yolk and albumen weights and composition.
Marleen Boerjan (President IFRG, WPSA WG 6 (10/2018)
WG6 Incubation and Fertility Research Group (IFRG)
WG12 Fundamental Physiology & Perinatal Development (PDP) in Poultry
The French Branch of WPSA is dedicated to promote knowledge and understanding of all aspects of poultry science and poultry production. It will organize the Combined Meeting of the ‘Incubation and Fertility Research Group’ (IFRG/WPSA Working Group 6) and the ‘Fundamental Physiology and Perinatal Development in Poultry’ (PDP/WPSA Working Group 12) in Tours, August 2019.
On behalf of the French Organizing Committee and the WG-6 and 12 working Groups of the European Federation of WPSA branches, we are pleased to invite you to attend the IFRG - PDP 2019. This congress will take place in Tours, France, on August, 28 to 30, 2019, at hotel ‘Univers’. The Website is currently under construction
The 10th ‘Hafez’ International Symposium on Turkey Production will be held in Berlin, Germany; May/June 2019. I hope to see you in Berlin.
Prof. Dr H. M. Hafez
Chair of Working Group 10
World’s Poultry Science Association
Federation of European Branches
Institute of Poultry Diseases, Free University Berlin
14163 Berlin, Germany
Asia Pacific Federation Meeting
My name is Dr Sakchai Sriboonsue, from the Thailand branch, and I am the new President of the Asia Pacific Federation. This is my first contribution to the WPSA newsletter, and I would like to begin by thanking the members of the Federation for placing their trust in me for carrying out this position. I would also like to send my appreciation to our former President, Alan Gibbins, for his great work and dedication in putting together and leading the new Asia Pacific Federation. He will continue to consult with me in my new position.
First of all, I would like to share my visions for the Federation. My main objectives are to unite the Asia Pacific region and to strengthen, share and combine our regions’ knowledge. Asia Pacific is one of the main regions for poultry production in the world. However, currently we have limited communication among our branches, which I believe can be improved and could be useful in providing poultry research and information both inside and outside of this region. To be successful, I will need to seek for support from all APF branches. Please feel free to send me any and all good ideas that you might have on improving our information flow.
I also would like to announce that Mr Chung Ma from the China branch is our new Senior Vice President; Dr Nasir Mukhtar from the Pakistan branch is our new Junior Vice President; Dr Marisa Chamruspollert and Dr Mongkol Kaewsutas from the Thailand branch will serve as our Secretaries; and, Dr Natchanok Amornthewaphat and Dr Supunnee Jiarakhun from the Thailand branch will serve as APF Treasurers. A Management Committee for the APF will be formed once we have a representative named by each of the AP branches.
I would like to use this opportunity to invite all branch members to attend our next APF meeting which will be held during VIV Asia 2019 in Bangkok. The meeting dates and the venue will be announced in the near future.
Thank you again and please contact me for any further required information. You can reach me at president [AT] wpsathai [DOT] org and sakchai [DOT] s [AT] dpo [DOT] go [DOT] th. Please also cc my secretary at secretary [AT] wpsathai [DOT] org.
Dr. Sakchai Sriboonsue President, Asian Pacific Federation
WPSA Asian-Pacific Working Group News
The Proceedings from the 6th International Ratite Scientific Symposium, held in Stellenbosch, South Africa in 2016 is now available online at: http://sasas.co.za/sites/sasas.co.za/files/Ratite Scientific Symposium - 2016.pdf
We aim to have the next Ratite Symposium or Ratite Working Group meeting at the next World Poultry Congress that will be held in Paris, France in 2020. All interested parties can contact us at anele [AT] elsenburg [DOT] com.
Anel Engelbrecht, Chair
You are likely aware that the last few years have seen academic publishers engaging with scholarly collaboration networks in various ways, trying to balance their popularity with authors and researchers against concerns over large-scale copyright infringement. Cambridge University Press, along with SpringerNature and Thieme, has just signed an agreement with ResearchGate to foster responsible sharing - see our joint statement here. Other publishers took part in the negotiations and are working to have a deal in place soon.
Click here for the full article.
Articles in upcoming Journal(s)
- Mahmoud Alagawany - The role of Astragalus membranaceus as immunomodulator in poultry
- Takele Desta - Phenotypic characteristic of junglefowl and chicken
- Sun Chao - Health promoting and pharmaceutical potential of ferulic acid for the poultry industry
- Alireza Seidavi - Chicken processing: impact, co-products and potential
- Ubedullah Kaka - Flavonoids supplementation - An ideal approach to imrpove quality of poultry production
- Muhammad Tanveer Munir - Wood-based litter in poultry production: a review
- Ana Crncan - Outlook on EU and Croatian poultry meat market - Partial equilibrium model approach
- Karim El-Sabrout - Behaviour and meat quality of chicken under different housing systems
- Jianhua He - The implication of lighting programmes in intensive broiler production system
- Alireza Seidavi - Present and otential impacts of waste from poultry production on the environment
The role of Astragalus membranaceus as immunomodulator in poultry
M.R. FARAG and M. ALAGAWANY
Astragalus membranaceus (AM) is a member of the family Leguminosae which has been widely used as immunomodulatory agent. Astragalus polysaccharides (APS) possess promising biological activities like immune enhancing, anti-oxidant, anti-viral, anti-microbial and anti-parasitic activities. Researchers have studied the immune enhancing activities of AM in birds and reported that APS and sulphated APS (4 or 8 mg/kg of body weight) showed immunomodulatory effects broiler chicks infected with lipopolysaccharide and modulated the resulting negative effects. AM powder supplementation in broiler feed at levels of 0, 100, 200 and 300 mg /kg diet increased the immune organs weight and IgG level and improved the liver and kidney functions and antioxidant status. Dietary APS (10 g/kg) promoted the growth rate and the histology of jejunum of offspring chickens. The addition of crude AM at 0.5% in laying hen feed for 21 days was able to improve the composition of faecal microorganisms. The following review describes the structure and chemical composition of AM and its immunomodulatory role in improving the health status of poultry and its mechanisms of action.
Phenotypic characteristic of junglefowl and chicken
Junglefowl display adaptive characters like seasonal breeding, well-established social hierarchy, explorative behaviour, territoriality, aggression and short ranged flight, however, they are smaller, produce less and mature later than commercial breeds. Non-green junglefowl cocks display eclipse plumage – a reliable indicator of genetic purity and a trait that has been disappeared from chickens. Junglefowl show high sexual dimorphism, however, intra-sex level variation is considerably limited. There are conflicting reports on viability of hybrids from junglefowl, however, red junglefowl crossed with chickens invariably produce fertile offspring. Although junglefowl and chickens share common parasites and diseases, junglefowl exhibit high variability in natural immunity and are relatively resilient to infection. Junglefowl prefer secondary forests and village environs, demonstrating their propensity for human landscapes. Habitat preference and historical, ritual and leisure activities of ancient man might have resulted in junglefowl being recruited for domestication. Particularly, native chickens share a number of phenotypic characters with junglefowl, however, cosmopolitan chickens have experienced high phenotypic input from world-wide dispersal and adaptation to a wide range of management and breeding regimes. Based on morphological scores and behavioural ecology, red junglefowl resembles chickens and amongst the junglefowls, red and Ceylon junglefowl are closely related, whereas grey and green junglefowl have been found to be distant.
Health promoting and pharmaceutical potential of ferulic acid for the poultry industry
M. SAEED, M. ALAGAWANY, S.A. FAZLANI, S.A. KALHORO, M. NAVEED, N. ALI, KIFAYAT-ULLAH, M.A. ARAIN and S. CHAO
Ferulic acid is (FA) is a phenolic compound found in vegetables, fruits, cereals and coffee. It exists in both a free form and covalently conjugated to polysaccharides in the plant cell wall, polyamines, hydroxyl fatty acids, lignin, and glycoproteins. It has exhibited many vital biological properties, such as growth enhancing, antioxidant, antibacterial and immunomodulatory effects. It can be used as a food preservative and has a wide range of applications. FA has been reported to be a potent antioxidant and anti-inflammatory agent and is considered as part of a promising strategy for improving vascular cell-compatibility and blood compatibility as well. Additionally, dietary FA could improve the antioxidant capacity and, hence, meat quality in poultry. Supplementation of FA at 40 mg/kg or 80 mg/kg diet reduced the formation of hepatic MDA in case of carbon tetrachloride toxicity. The susceptibility of meat to oxidation in broiler chickens receiving oats at 200 g/kg diet as a source of FA was higher compared to the stability of meat in chickens receiving 200 ppm vitamin E. After examining the literature, it became apparent that the research on promising therapeutic effects of FA in poultry, in particular, is limited. So, the aim of this review was to indicate the importance of FA and its beneficial effects. In addition, this review includes information on the use of FA as a natural phenolic compound in poultry nutrition and its different applications in the poultry industry.
Chicken processing: impact, co-products and potential
A.R. SEIDAVI, H. ZAKER-ESTEGHAMATI and C.G. SCANES
Processing poultry results in considerable waste and/or by-products. Assuming a 70% yield during processing, the aggregate of waste from processing chickens for meat globally is 45.9 million tons. The nitrogen in processing waste and by-products globally is 1.3 million metric tons; equivalent to 49% of nitrogen in poultry excreta globally. If yield increased to 80%, as seen in the USA, there is a concomitant reduction in processing waste. If this were extended globally, there would be a 19.1 million metric ton reduction in processing waste. The global cost of processing chicken has been calculated as 51.3 x 109 MJ (equivalent to 0.06% of agricultural/food energy usage). The environmental costs of processing include energy, high quality (potable) water usage (estimated at about 30 litres per bird) and large quantities of organic solids and ‘dirty’ water as by-products together with contamination of surface and of ground water. There is a case for viewing poultry waste as a resource. These co-products could be used as human foods, high protein animal feed ingredients (after rendering), high value health related products (e.g. collagen, hyaluronic acid and chondroitin sulphate), bioenergy (e.g. biodiesel) and other products. The following review focuses on estimating the amount of processing waste and approaches to reduce processing waste, such as increasing yield and considering waste as a resource or, at least potential, co-product.
Flavonoids supplementation - An ideal approach to improve quality of poultry products
A.A. KAMBOH, R.A. LEGHARI, M.A. KHAN, U. KAKA, M. NASEER, A.Q. SAZILI and K.K. MALHI
Supplementing flavonoids in poultry diets has shown the potential to progress the nutritional, sensorial and microbiological quality of poultry meat and eggs. In the last decade, several studies have determined the benefits of flavonoids for inhibition of lipid oxidation and microbial growth, check any pH-dependent deterioration and improve the colour stability of meat and related products. Flavonoids are typically absorbed in the ileum where pH is between 5-6.8. The various flavonoids vary in effective dose levels in poultry, but are typically included in levels ranging from 0.05-0.2%. Furthermore, flavonoid supplementation in the chicken diet has been reported to positively alter the fatty acid profile of meat and eggs by reducing the cholesterol and triglyceride content. Meat colour, in terms of lightness, can be improved by up to 5%. The aim of this review is to evaluate the use of various plant flavonoids as a substitute for synthetic feed additives in the poultry feed industry to satisfy consumer demands in terms of quality and safety of animal products. The results have stimulated interest in more research on the various flavonoid classes to determine the most effective compounds and their optimal doses for both broilers and laying hens.
Wood-based litter in poultry production: a review
M.T. MUNIR, C. BELLONCLE, M. IRLE and M. FEDERIGHI
Bedding material is an important factor for floor-based poultry production systems as it can affect bird health and welfare. Bedding can be made of organic materials like wood or plant-based material or inorganic materials like clay and sand, and should generally have good absorbency, be easily available, comfortable and non-toxic to birds. Wood is an organic renewable resource having good humidity regulation and antimicrobial properties and its by-products are commonly used as poultry litter in many countries. In France, wood-based bedding is used in 80% of turkey production. This litter has approximately 50% lower NH3 production compared to other materials like sand and hulls, and has multiple environment-friendly disposal options. Moreover, the birds grown on such litter show better health and welfare and are more likely to exhibit natural behaviour on this material, which is helpful for the amelioration of physiological status and reduction of locomotory injuries. Moreover, birds can show between 5-7% improvements in different performance parameters. In addition, the antimicrobial potential of wood may help to counter the load of certain pathogens in environment of birds. This review describes the physiochemical properties of wood-based bedding materials and their role in production and welfare of poultry.
Outlook on EU and Croatian poultry meat market - Partial equilibrium model approach
D. KRANJAC, K. ZMAIĆ, A. CRNČAN and M. ZRAKIĆ
The European Union poultry meat market is the subject of numerous research studies due to its importance in the EU's total agricultural production, exports and food security. With 14.5 million tons of poultry meat production in 2016, the EU-28 is one of the world's leading producers of this kind of meat (approximately 12%). The Old Member States (EU-15) and the New Member States (EU-13) generate 73.8% and 26.2% of the total EU poultry meat production, respectively. The average poultry meat consumption in the EU-28 is currently approximately 24 kg per capita. In the last decade, the EU's poultry meat market has seen structural changes in production, consumption and trade that are the subject of the partial equilibrium model analysis. Results of mid-term projections for the poultry meat market through to the year 2030 showed a decrease in production volume in the EU-15, along with a slowdown of domestic and per capita consumption and a change of status from net exporters to net importers of poultry meat. Meanwhile, in the EU-13 there has been a steady growth in the volume of production and domestic and per capita consumption of poultry meat. The EU-13 Member States will remain net exporters through 2030, with a strong trend in export growth. Croatia, the youngest member state, follows trends in the domestic poultry meat market that are similar to the rest of the EU-13. Until 2030, Croatian poultry meat production is expected to increase by 43.02%, the domestic consumption by 29.37% and per capita consumption for 39.89%. Although Croatia will remain a net importer by the end of the 2030, the gap in net trade deficit is expected to decrease by 31.31%.
Behaviour and meat quality of chicken under different housing systems
A. EL-DEEK and K. EL-SABROUT
Chicken housing systems have been an interesting subject of research for many years and remains a topic of debate. The information detailed in the literature provides opposing views on recommended housing systems (indoor or outdoor) for chickens, and thus, producers are searching for more precise information in terms of animal welfare, productive performance, chicken behaviour and meat quality. Approximately 80% of customers worldwide prefer chicken products with perceived higher quality derived from free-range (organic) systems with increased welfare standards. Based on published literature, the majority (approximately 70%) of intensive production systems that are currently used do not usually support the natural behavioural needs of poultry. However, mortality rate of broilers can reach more than 10% in outdoor production systems due to cannibalism. Suitable housing systems that focus on the animals’ well -being translate into better behavioural activities and higher productive performance. The present review provides the critical information detailed in the existing literature on different housing systems and their effect on chicken behaviour and meat quality. It can be concluded that the housing system, as a non-genetic factor, directly affects the welfare of the birds and can impact their behaviour and certain meat quality traits. Thus, the free-range production system might be considered favourable alternative housing system.
The implication of lighting programmes in intensive broiler production system
M.A. AROWOLO, J.H. HE, S. HE and T.O. ADEBOWALE
Lighting, amongst other factors, is a potent and critical micro-climatic component in broiler houses as it influences many behavioural, physiological and metabolic processes in birds. To optimise the intensive system for broiler production, various lighting programmes (regarding light duration and its distribution, light colour/wavelength and light intensity) have been explored. This review compares the effects of different elements of lighting regimen on the growth performance, health, and welfare and carcass characteristics of broilers. Considering this, various degrees of intermittent photo-period (i.e. mixing photo- and scoto- periods within 24 hours) rather than one continuous photoperiod have been proven to significantly improve broilers’ weight gain by 3.4-5.8%, feed to gain ratio up to 7.3%, mobility up to 46.5%, decrease mortality rate ranging between 0.43% and 0.72%, and finally, increase carcass yield. Short wavelength lights and light intensity of ≥5 lux after the initial brooding period are said to stimulate birds’ metabolism and growth thereby, enhancing the production system. In conclusion, the lighting programme, apart from improving broiler productivity, could reduce cost expended on energy in an intensive production system.
Present and potential impacts of waste from poultry production on the environment
A.R. SEIDAVI, H. ZAKER-ESTEGHAMATI and C.G. SCANES
Poultry production is associated with greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions but at a much lower extent than other livestock. Global production of nitrogen from poultry excreta has been estimated at about 3.29 million metric tons for meat type chickens (the average of two estimates with different assumption of 2.65 and 3.94 million metric tons) and 2.36 million metric tons for laying hens. These estimates are markedly below earlier estimates, suggesting that the issues related to loading are of a markedly smaller magnitude than previously envisioned. However, if it is assumed that 2% of the nitrogen is lost as nitrous oxide with a global warming potential (GWP) of 298 CO2 equivalents (eq.) per unit as GHG, poultry waste is contributing 33.7 million metric tons of CO2 eq./year or 0.0337 gigatons (Gt) CO2 eq./yr. This represents only 0.64% of agricultural GHG emissions. The preferred method for the disposal of poultry excreta is land application as a fertiliser with the aggregate of livestock and poultry excreta being applied to 0.3 million hectares in the USA. The environmental consequences of excreta in litter include the release of ammonia and nitrous oxide (a GHG) together with contamination of ground and surface water with nitrate, phosphate and pathogens. Alternative approaches to utilise used litter are the following: combustion, gasification, digestion and feeding to ruminants. There is scope to reduce the environmental impact of poultry production on the environment.
The Algerian Association of Poultry Science (WPSA Branch-Algeria) organized in parallel with the 5th Symposium of Poultry Science, the 2th Maghreb Day of Poultry Production (JMA), 3 and 4 November 2018 at the Hotel El-Khayem in Constantine (Algeria). 150 people took part in the event. The organization of such events was initially aimed at bringing scientific communities closer to the Maghreb countries (Morocco, Tunisia and Algeria) with the aim of strengthening friendly and fraternal bonds. Secondly, it allows the exchange of scientific information in the field poultry sector.
Various issues concerning the poultry production were raised and discussed during these two events. They concern the current state of the poultry sector in the Maghreb countries. Topics on the poultry welfare, feed additives, quality of poultry products (egg and meat), use of antibiotics and especially viral diseases (IA, IB, ILT) were discussed by the participants. A total of 31 oral presentations and 12 posters were presented during this event. The guest of honor at this meeting was Dr. Roel Mulder, Secretary General World's Poultry Association. With the help of the development programme of the WPSA branch, we invited 4 lecturers and offered 4 scholarships for PhD students.
Dr Nadir Alloui, Secretary, Algeria Branch-WPSA
The Bangladesh Branch of WPSA will hold its 11th International Technical Seminar on Poultry – 2019 on the 5th and 6th of March 2019 at the Dhaka Regency Hotel & Resort, in Dhaka, Bangladesh. Seminar details should be forth coming soon..
Contact: Prof. Dr. Md. Rafiqul Islam, for additional details.
Convener: Professor, Department of Pathology, Faculty of Vet Science, Bangladesh Agricultural University, Mymensingh
Email: mrislam_bau [AT] yahoo [DOT] com
French Poultry Research Conference (13th Edition)
The conference will take place on March 20 and 21, 2019 in Tours (FRANCE). This biennial Poultry meeting is held under the auspices of the French branches of WPSA and WVPA. It brings together more than 500 attendees from universities, research institutes and the Poultry industry.
The French Branch of WPSA will hold its general assembly during the meeting, on March 20, at 17:15.
The co-organisers for the conference include ITAVI (French Poultry institute), INRA, ANSES and CTCPA (French Technical Center for the Food Industry).
The first day of the conference will be on March 20, and will consist of plenary lectures on a number of broad topics. The second day, will consist of parallel sessions covering Sustainability - Economy and Sociology - Rearing System and Animal Welfare - Nutrition - Hygiene and Products Quality - Genetic and Reproduction. Each session will start with an invited review followed by selected communications. Poster and oral presentations will be in the French language, but the proceedings will include an English version of the abstracts.
World's Poultry Congress 2020
The French Branch is also delighted to invite you to participate in the upcoming World.s Poultry Congress 2020 that will be held from the 16th to the 20th of August 2020 in the attractive city of Paris. Information can be found on the Congress website http://www.wpcparis2020.com/
Please notice that the organizers propose an Early Sponsoring period for the 2020 World Poultry Congress. The Congress will be held in Paris and will attract more than 3000 attendees from all over the world: experts, scientists, researchers, and production specialists will participate in presenting and discussing their most recent findings. The early sponsoring will allow our partners to have the benefit of longer visibility (three years before the event), larger opportuniti
es in the sponsoring of activities, as well as eligibility for a 15% discount in 2018. If you are interested and want to know more about this opportunity, please contact us at wpsafrance [AT] wpsa [DOT] fr or N [DOT] Taleb [AT] clq-group [DOT] com
Yves Nys, President–WPSA France
The 53rd annual Poultry Science Conference of the Israeli Branch was held at the Dan Panorama Hotel in Tel Aviv on November 26-27, 2018. The conference attracted 550 participants including: students and scientists from academia and research institutes, poultry producers, veterinarians, extension specialists and commercial companies serving the poultry industry.
During the 2-day conference, 48 lectures were presented in 10 sessions covering the leading poultry science disciplines: Health; Nutrition & Feed additives; Immunology; Reproduction, Incubation and Physiology; Breast meat quality; Welfare; Broilers and Layers industry. The closing session focused on technological innovations in the poultry industry. In addition, 3 students were awarded prizes for their research presentations.
The conference was honoured to host an overseas guest; Prof. S. Bilgili from Auburn University (Alabama - USA) who shared his extensive knowledge and vast experience in the field of broiler meat quality.
An award of appreciation was given to Dr. Amnon Michael for his contribution in the field of Veterinary Medicine, and for his active participation in the WPSA - Israeli Branch activities over the years.
During the conference, 25 Israeli companies exhibited their unique products for the poultry industry: pharmaceuticals, feed additives, housing equipment, climate control, etc.
Evening social activities included lectures on Israel's current issues by a popular journalist and a breath-taking account by a professional Israeli high mountain climber, who shared with us his personal experiences as a nature photographer and rescuer in extreme conditions.
Yitzhak Malka, Israel Branch Secretary
The Italian Branch of WPSA is organising the 55th edition of its annual meeting that will be held on March 29th, 2019 in Forlì in conjunction with the 51st edition of ‘Fieravicola’, the International Poultry Exhibition (www.fieravicola.com). This meeting will deal with ‘Applications of omics technologies in poultry production’ and this hot topic will be explored thanks to the contributions of a number of prestigious national and international speakers.
Massimiliano Petracci, Branch Secretary
The Kenya Branch Executive Committee will be meeting in the near future in order to plan the Branch activities for 2019. Members will be contacted about the plans developed.
Thomas Kaudia <tkaudia [AT] gmail [DOT] com
Annual General Meeting 2018 & Poultry Seminar 2018
The Annual General Meeting for the executive members (2017 – 2022) for the year 2018 was conducted on 31st October 2018. The event was conducted with Poultry Seminar in the morning followed with the AGM in the afternoon.
Total no. of current members: 77 members (73 individual, 1 Life member, 3 students).
Total number of members attended the AGM: 43 members.
Total number of participants attended the Poultry Seminar: 78 participants
The detail of the program event as stated below:
|Chairman: Dato'Dr Tee Ah Kiat|
|9.30-10.00 am||REGISTRATION & MORNING TEA|
|10.00 10.15 am||
|10.15-11.00 am||Speaker 1: Dr Wan Mohd Kamil Wan Nik, DVS
Feed Act 2009: The Role and Implementation of the Act on Local Poultry Industry
|11.00-11.45 am||Speaker 2 : Dr James G. Nickerson, Avivagen Inc.Canada
Recent Research on Beta Carotene-OxC towards Poultry Disease
|11.45-12.30 pm||Speaker 3 : Mrs Siti Nur Ahmad, MAQIS
MAQIS Roles and its Interventions on the Impact of International Trade War and Local Poultry Industry
|12.30-1.15pm||Speaker 4 : Dr Marcelo Paniago, CEVA Asia Veterinary Services
Vector Vaccine Technology : A Better Control of Devastating Poultry Diseases
|1.15-1.30 pm||Q & A session|
|2.30-3.30 pm||Annual General Meeting|
|3.30 pm||End of programme|
Please refer to WPSA (Malaysia) website for more information about our past and future activities.
Assoc Prof Dr Jalila Abu
Honorary Secretary WPSA (Malaysia)
The Mauritius Branch of the WPSA organised a talk on “Perspectives on Salmonella Infection” which was delivered by Emeritus Professor Simon Shane from North Carolina State University on 17 October 2018. The talk was attended by some 100 persons from the Industry, Research Institution, Academia and Veterinarians both private and Public.
Further to initiative taken by the association for the running of a post graduate diploma course on Poultry Production and Health by the University of Mauritius (UoM), a memorandum of understanding has been signed between the UoM and the WPSA (Mauritius Branch). The course is expected to start in March 2019 after approval by the senate.
Micheline Seenevassen Pillay
The WPSA Pakistan branch is organising a two day National Poultry Symposium on Health and Welfare that will be held on 11 & 12 December at PMAS Arid Agriculture University Rawalpindi, Pakistan. At the seminar, a large number of international and national speakers have been invited to address the emerging problems of poultry health & welfare. The President the Pakistan Branch, Dr. Muhammad Sadiq (CEO SB Poultry), will be the Chairperson for the Conference.
For the first time in the history of the Pakistan branch, Dr. Fareeha Talha, Vice President of the Women’s Wing Central and Vice President of the Southern Zone has taken up an initiative for introducing WPSA, its goals and objectives, its contributions, and its future perspectives for running a campaign to attract female poultry researchers, educationists, and other females involved with the industry into the branches membership .
The visionary thinking of Dr. Muhammad Sadiq, President of the Pakistan branch, living legend in the Pakistan Poultry industry himself is behind it. It was his thought that female researchers, female educationists, and other females involved with poultry should play their part both nationally and internationally. First Dr. Fareeha Talha, a female veterinarian and an entrepreneur in the poultry sector, was elected from the Centre and South Zones of the WPSA Pakistan branch. This was a great motivation for other females to become involved.
In order to introduce WPSA and its Pakistan branch to females, a campaign was designed by Dr. Fareeha Talha whose first activity was a seminar held at the Faculty of Veterinary Sciences (FVS), BZ University, Multan. The Poultry Science Club FVS, BZ University, was taken on board, and the Dean of the Faculty of Veterinary Sciences kindly agreed to be our chief guest.
Female Veterinarians working in poultry related sectors, and faculty and post graduate students of university departments related to poultry participated. Great interest was also shown by undergraduates.
Dr. Fareeha Talha focused on education, organisation and research. She talked about how females can be involved in basic and applied research, and indicated that they can rise to become known internationally. She also spoke about how WPSA can assist them in this regard. At the end of the seminar, Dr. Masood Akhter, Dean FVS, BZ University, gave a very motivational and inspirational speech thanking WPSA for organizing the meeting.
Nasir Mukhtar, Vice-President of the Pakistan Branch
Report on the 30th International Poultry Science Symposium
From 10-12 September 2018, the 30th Jubilee International Poultry Science Symposium ‘Science for Practice – Practice for Science’ was held in Zegrze near Warsaw. The Symposium was jointly organised by the Polish Branch of WPSA and the Poultry Breeding Section of Warsaw’s Main School of Rural Management.
Symposium attendees participated in five scientific sessions: Biological bases of poultry breeding and production; Poultry nutrition; Prophylaxis in poultry production; Poultry product quality; and, in an Historical session. A discussion panel was also held on ‘Where is Polish Poultry Science Heading’. A total of 227 individuals representing universities, science-research centres, domestic and foreign (Italy, Belgium, Great Britain, Russia, China, Afghanistan, the Netherlands, Ukraine) specialists, as well as 103 persons from commercial practice participated in the conference.
On the first day of the Symposium, following a formal Opening and Welcoming of the guests, Prof. Dr. hab. Elżbieta Smalec and Prof. Dr. hab. Jerzy Niedziółka were bestowed Honorary WPSA Polish Branch Memberships.
The formal presentation of the new Honorary Members of the Association was followed by a discussion panel on ‘Where is Polish Poultry Science Heading’. Issues associated with perspectives and potential threats facing the poultry sector sparked very interesting discussions among the panellists and conference participants. Other subjects concerned GMO and poultry feeding connected with a growing deficit of domestic protein sources. Next, Dr. hab. Monika Michalczuk announced results of the 4th edition of the All-country Competition for the best diploma paper in the field of poultry science. All winners were congratulated for their excellent supervisors and brilliant master’s dissertations wishing them interesting scientific publications. Next, the annual Jerzy Będkowski competition for young scientific workers took place in which 10 researchers from four Polish scientific centres (Olsztyn, Warsaw, Poznań, Lublin) and one person from Italy (Padua University) took part. Presentations were delivered in English. The ranking (1-3) was determined by voting of participants taking part in this session. The following aspects of presentations were assessed: merit value, way of presentation, their responses to questions, as well as their mastery of the English language. The competition was won by Ms. Sara Dzik from Warmia-Mazury University in Olsztyn for her presentation entitled: ‘The impact of the use of biocidal paint on the production results of broiler chickens’.
The following areas had the most entries this year: Poultry nutrition (21 presentations) and Poultry products quality (18 presentations). They were dominated by information on feed additives for improving intestinal integrity and exerting a positive effect on performance results and product quality. The delivered presentations concerned utilisation of domestic protein sources in poultry diets, comparison of poultry meat assortments as well as consumer preferences and supply networks.
During the session on the Biological bases of poultry breeding and production (14 presentations), the following subjects were discussed: semen characteristics of geese and grouse; egg shell quality depending on the age of the layer; effect of egg weight on the course of embryogenesis and genetic parameters of selected duck traits.
Some of the problems discussed during the session on Prophylaxis in poultry production (16 presentations) included, among others, issues concerning protection of poultry flocks and current dilemmas in poultry pathology in Poland; impact of additives of different products of plant origin; manganese, copper and silver nanomolecules on broiler and turkey performance; histological parameters of intestines, muscle and liver oxidative status.
The historic session covered poultry science development in Poland since the 1970s. Individual presenters discussed issues associated with breeding and rearing of broilers and laying hens. They talked about maintenance conditions, health problems, veterinary care as well as feeding of geese flocks
It turned out that the discussion panel: ‘Where is Polish poultry science heading’ attracted both the highest number of participants and the greatest interest during the 30th International Poultry Science Symposium. On the basis of merit discussions and summary of the Symposium, it can be concluded that this year’s jubilee meeting was one of the most important events of the poultry science branch and will go down on history pages of our Organisation very positively.
The Board of the Polish Branch of the World Poultry Science Association would like to thank most sincerely all participants of the Symposium for their engagement and merit activity, as well as for their creation of a family-like, pleasant atmosphere throughout the conference. In particular, we thank all representatives of widely-understood poultry practice for their kind patronage over the Symposium as well as over young researchers participating in two very important competitions which have now become permanent elements of the development of poultry science knowledge. We would also like to thank Honorary Members of the Association for accepting our invitation for active participation in this year’s Symposium. Please, feel invited to next year’s 31st International Poultry Science Symposium.
Dr. hab. Monika Michalczuk, prof. nadzw.
Scientific communication with industry: The VNITIP Federal Scientific Centre of the Russian Science Academy in Sergiev Posad, Moscow Region, recognises the importance of scientific communication with the industry and has a programme to encourage this effort. Every year more than 1000 experts from Russia and abroad attend lectures from leading scientists in poultry industry areas, exchange experiences and discuss innovations from local and foreign poultry science efforts in Ptitsegrad. All are welcome to attend the courses in Sergiev Posad.
Tatiana Vasilieva, Branch Secretary
On September 14th 2018 Annual Technical Sessions and industrial Evening was held at the Hotel Taj Samudra, Colombo. The theme was ‘Future Marketing Trends of Sri Lankan Poultry Products’
On this occasion the Chief Guest was Dr. Indrajit Coomaraswamy, the Governor of Central Bank of Sri Lanka. He gave a presentation on ‘Micro & Macro Economic policies related to the Sri Lankan Livestock industry’. He said that the government by maintaining the discipline in economic policies and its executions will lead to improve the current economic situation in Sri Lanka which will definitely impact the Sri Lankan poultry industry as well.
The Keynote Address was given by Mr. Albert Jan Hulzebosch Chief Executive Officer, Dutch Poultry Management Support the Netherlands on ‘Future Marketing Trends of Poultry Products World Scenario’
Invited speaker Dr. H.P Premasiri, Past President of WPSA – SL, gave a very informative presentation on ‘An Overview of the Sri Lankan Poultry Industry & its Social Economic Impact.’ At the 20thAGM held on the same day the re-elected President, Dr. Prabath Samaratunga, and Secretary, Dr. Kaundika Wanigasundara, took office
WPSA-SL membership ID cards
The WPSA –SL branch introduced a membership card for their individual members, and a certificate for their corporate members, at the Annual Industrial Evening ceremony. The first membership card was awarded to Dr. Mrs A.L Godwin, General Secretary WPSA-SL, by Mr. Albert Jan Hulzebosch CEO, Dutch Poultry Management Support the Netherlands.
World Egg Day Celebration
On Friday the 12th of October a celebration was held at Gothami Vidyalaya Gampaha where an awareness programme for school teachers was organized at the college hall by WPSA – SL in parallel with the World Egg Day celebrations 2018. This served as a part of the continuous demand building programmes for eggs & chicken, island wide. Ninety-six school teachers participated in the programme.
Dr. (Mrs) S.T Thoradeniya, Senior Lecturer Department of Biochemistry and Molecular Biology, Faculty of Medicine, Colombo, gave a lecture on ‘Nutrition for children’. At the end of the main lecture, Dr. Prabath Samaratunge, President WPSA-SL addressed the audience on ‘Myths & misconceptions related to chicken & egg consumption’. All participants were given leaflets on protein malnutrition, a free pack of eggs and refreshments.
The Regional Centre of Excellence for Poultry Science (CERSA) and the World’s Poultry Science Association - Togolese branch (WPSA-Togo) will organise Panafrican Poultry Conference (PPC) from 13th to 17th May 2019. This conference will take place at Campus of University of Lome, Togo. More than 200 delegates from Togo, regional and international countries are expected to attend the conference.
Several experienced speakers drawn from both international, regional and national academia and poultry industry will be on hand to discuss the topics. Well known invited speakers will highlight bottlenecks of African poultry industry and it importance in the world. In total, six (06) thematic areas will be covered including: 1) Egg and meat processing, 2) Environment and management, 3) Feeding-Nutrition and Metabolism, 4) Genetics, 6) Reproduction and incubation and 4) Socio-economy. The programme for the PPC will be posted on CERSA web site (www.cersa-togo.org) and its links.
All those involved in poultry science and industry are encouraged to submit original research, teaching and extension papers. Information about abstracts submission will be available on www.cersa-togo.org in few weeks.
In order to raise interest in our branch and increase the number of members we regularly hold meetings with the coordination of some NGOs. We also continue to work with senior ministry officials regarding this issue.
Misconceptions about poultry products appear in the media from time to time that adverse affect the consumption of poultry meat. We try to dispel these inaccurate and often intentional fabrications by issuing statements through various media channels.
The most important presentations of the EPC 2018 conference held in Dubrovnik this September were translated into Turkish and presented to the Ankara Poultry Research Institute. They were then disseminated to interested parties.
The Turkish Branch is fully engaged in the organisation of the XXIV European Symposium on the Quality of Poultry Meat and XVIII European Symposium on the Quality of Eggs and Egg Products to be held in the Aegean resort town of Çeşme (İzmir) between 23-26 June 2019.
If you are interested in participating in or becoming a sponsor for these symposia, please visit www.eggmeat2019.com or contact Prof. Dr. Servet Yalçın at servet [DOT] yalcin [AT] ege [DOT] edu [DOT] tr or Prof. Dr. Rüveyde Akbay at rakbay [AT] agri [DOT] ankara [DOT] edu [DOT] tr.
We look forward to welcoming you at the symposia next summer!
Assoc. Prof. Dr Cengizhan Mızrak, Secretary of the WPSA Turkish Branch
33rd Poultry Science Symposium
The proposal for the 33rd Poultry Science Symposium is to discuss the topics of prebiotics, probiotics and the poultry microbiome, against the background of a post-antibiotic era. The tentative date for the 33rd PSS would be August 2020, with the preferred venue of Cambridge. As further planning progresses more details will appear on the WPSA UK website at www.wpsa-uk.com.