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|Volume 49, December 2019||Newsletter Editor: Dr G.B. Havenstein, ghavenst [AT] ncsu [DOT] edu|
16-20 August, Paris, France
During the XXVI World’s Poultry Congress in Paris, France in 2020 Scholarship Awards for respectively the WPSA Paul B. Siegel Research Award and the WPSA Education Award are going to be presented.
International Poultry Hall of Fame
The next presentation of members for the International Poultry Hall of Fame (IPHF) will take place at the next World’s Poultry Science Congress in Paris, France in 2020.
Cliff D. Carpenter International Essay Competition
At the latest Board meeting, held during the Poultry Science Association (PSA) meeting in Montréal, Canada, it was decided to start the Cliff D. Carpenter International Essay competition.
Nominating Advisory Committee (NAC)
Preparations are underway for the formation of a Nominating Advisory Committee (NAC), which committee is in charge of seeking candidates for the WPSA Board 2020-2024. The NAC will be chaired by Dr Mamduh Sifri. Branches and members can propose candidates for the offices of President, five Vice-Presidents, Secretary and Treasurer.
World's Poultry Congress 2024
The Board of the World’s Poultry Science Association (WPSA) has received three bids to organise the World’s Poultry Congress 2024. The bidding Branches are Argentina (Buenos Aires), Canada/Mexico/USA (Toronto) and South Africa (Cape Town).
59 Branches were eligible for the pre-selection, 33 branches took the opportunity to send their votes.
The Canada/Mexico/USA bid and the South Africa bid therefore are selected to the final ballot during the Council meeting, 18 August 2020, Paris, France.
Updates on the above mentioned topics will be publsihed on the WPSA website under the heading !! WPC2020 !!.
Abstract Submission and Registration for WPC2020
Abstract submission and registration for WPC2020 are open. Click here for details.
World’s Poultry Congress 2020 Paris, France
Preparations are underway for the Council meeting during the next WPC. One of the main points on the agenda of the Council meeting will be the election of the city and country for the next World’s Poultry Congress in 2024. There have been 3 bids to hold the WPC 2024. According to our Constitution and By-Laws, branches are voting which two candidates cities will be forwarded to official vote during the Council meeting. The candidate cities are: Cape Town proposed by the South Africa branch and Toronto proposed by the Canada/USA/Mexica branches.
Branches have also been informed on nomination procedures for the WPSA Paul B. Siegel Research Award; the WPSA Education Award; Inductees into The International Poultry Hall of Fame; and, for the Nominating Advisory Committee (i.e., the committee in charge of seeking candidates to serve on WPSA’s board for the years 2020-2024). For the NAC, Branches and members can propose candidate names to be considered by the NAC for service on the board. Further information and all guidelines for each of these committees are available on www.wpsa.com under WPC2020.
WPSA presence at exhibitions and conferences
In 2020, WPSA will be present during many events. Examples are the exhibitions IPPE, Atlanta, USA, VIV MEA, Abu Dhabi, UAE and Victam Asia and Animal Health and Nutrition, Bangkok, Thailand and the scientific meetings, the Mediterranean Poultry Summit, 25-27 March 2020, Cordoba, Spain and the 1st Poultry Nutrition symposium 25-26 March 2020 in Bangkok, Thailand. Information on the programmes can be found on www.mpn-wpsa.org/spain2020 and the WPSA Calendar.
Promotional materials of WPSA, the World’s Poultry Science Journal, WPC 2020 in Paris, France, symposia and conferences will be on display. We expect to meet with many members during these events. Members and all interested persons are invited to attend the events and to meet many other WPSA members and representatives.
WPSA World’s Poultry Science Journal
Starting 2020 the World’s Poultry Science Journal will be hosted and produced by Taylor and Francis Publishers.
WPSA has several programmes to support members and branches. Details on the Travel Grant programmes, the Speakers’ Bureau programme and proposals for Branch Development can be found on the WPSA website under Support. Criteria for eligibility are published together with the (different) deadlines for the individual programmes. Please follow the instructions as inaccurate, incomplete and late applications have to be rejected.
Cooperation with the organization on World Veterinary Education in Production Animal Health (WVEPAH)
The WVEPAH, a non-profit organization organizes training courses on poultry (for 3 à 4 weeks) in several countries. More details are on www.wvepah.org. All activities will also be announced on our website and in the WPS Journal.
Dr Roel Mulder
This quarter has been an active one, with much activity in Latin and South America. In October, I was pleased to attend Ovum 2019 in Lima, Peru. Prior to my arrival the Peruvians, after some years of inactivity, had reorganized their Branch. Of great assistance to me, both before and during the meeting, were Branch members Dr Eliana Icochea and Dr Alfredo Condemarin (new Branch President). With their local assistance, I was able to put together a WPSA Student Breakfast Meeting, the day before the start of Ovum 2019.
Students from different parts of the country made their way to Lima for the event. I gave the first talk on students using WPSA for their professional development. I spoke in English, but all my slides had been translated into Spanish by Benjamin Ruiz (Watt Publishing). I also gave the history of WPSA and my personal history of working with poultry and the poultry industry. Dr Icochea spoke next, followed by Dr Condemarin, and then Dr Cobian (Pres of AMEVEA, Peru). The former President of the Mexico Branch, Dr Carlos Lopez Coello, gave an emotional short address to the students about seizing opportunities and making a lifelong career in poultry.
A nice brunch was served to the students and they ate heartily. Some of them had arisen at 2:30 AM and taken a 3 hour bus ride to be present. Even after the Programme ended and all the food was gone, the students lingered and visited with the adult poultry scientists. Those of us in the latter group, all left with full hearts.
We now have our nucleus of student members in the Peru Branch. Two have already contacted me about applying for Travel Grants. I see much promise in the revitalized Branch.
Past President Edir da Silva joined me to staff a WPSA booth at Ovum 2019. Dr Icochea secured a table for WPSA in the booth of the Scientific University of the South. The booth actually backed up to the booth of Gonzaga University in Chincha. All of their students, who had travelled to Lima, attended the WPSA Student Breakfast. So we had guardian angels in those students and their professor.
During the course of the event, I was able to meet with representatives of several Branches and collect their dues. We also met with a contingent from Cuba, who want to reactivate their Branch. In addition to members from South America, I had interactions with the Mexico Branch officers and met the new President of ANECA.
I have been contacted by many student members interested in using WPSA Travel Grants in 2020. Of course, interest in attending WPC - Paris is very high. I am delighted to be working with many of those students and their major professors.
My warmest wishes to you and your families as you celebrate your end of the year holidays.
Dr Francine Bradley, Treasurer
It is with great pleasure that the French branch of WPSA invites you to attend the 26th World Poultry Congress in Paris, from 16th to 20th August 2020. Our ambition is to prepare an attractive congress for the benefit of a large number of participants from all over the world. We will be giving special consideration to the Mediterranean and African Poultry Networks, by offering them the possibility of holding specific satellite symposia, and we are also planning to organise a symposium with FAO. As usual for a WPC, the programme will include an exhibition for companies within the Congress Centre, and we will offer a Youth programme as well as a Young Scientist programme. We plan to make the scientific programme highly interactive and interdisciplinary.
Registration: In order to insure your participation to this prestigious event, you can now register and benefit from the Early bird registration fees until December 31st, 2019. Please join us in Paris at the Palais des Congress (Porte Maillot) on August 16-20, and meet more than 3000 delegates from over 100 countries.
Submission: The WPC programme will feature object-oriented sessions integrating various approaches to address a complex challenge, and specialized sessions corresponding with the scope of our WPSA working groups. In addition, 11 plenary talks will address major issues for the poultry sector as a whole and will take place all day on Monday August 17 and on the morning of Thursday August 20. You have until December 31st 2019 as the very last day to submit your work for an oral or e-poster presentation. Please consider this as a strong deadline as there will be no date extension.
Renowned speakers from all continents of the world will be involved with WPC2020 and will speak on the following topics:
• Breeding and Genetics
• Egg Quality
• Poultry Meat Quality
• Hygiene and Pathology
• Poultry Welfare and Management
• Education and Information
In her role as one of the Vice Presidents of the WPSA, Julie Roberts from the Australian Branch has compiled a list of Poultry Educational Resources which are available free of charge via the internet. Some of the web sites listed also have resources for sale. However, the focus of this list is resources which are free and therefore available to all members.
The list is posted on the WPSA website, and will always be a ‘work in progress’ as some resources become available and added, or others, if they are out of date or no longer available, will be removed from the internet list.
If members are aware of other resources that are available that could be added to the list, please contact Mrs Dorien Velner at the main office by email: wpsa [AT] xs4all [DOT] nl with the title of the resource, how to access it and a short description.
All entries will be checked on a regular basis to make sure that they continue to be available, however if you find any irregularities, please contact us at wpsa [AT] xs4all [DOT] nl.
The next European Poultry Conference will be held in Valencia, Spain in 2022. A full report for EPC2018 was published in the December 2018 issue of the WPSJ.
The European Federation has numerous conferences planned between now and on into 2021. A list of most of our upcoming conferences may be found on the WPSA Calendar at www.wpsa.com.
News from several European Federation Working Groups are provided below.
WPSA European Working Group News
The Italian Branch will host the 23rd edition of European Symposium on Poultry Nutrition (ESPN) which will be held at the Palacongressi of Rimini (Italy) from September 20-23, 2021. The city of Rimini, is an ideal place for the European Symposium on Poultry Nutrition and the modern as well as eco-friendly venue is the perfect stage for the event. Many attendees including both poultry research scientists and practitioners, leading speakers from across the world joining together to explore the past, share the present and helping to forge the future of poultry meat science. More details are already available at the symposium website: https://www.espn2021.eu/.
Poultry Meat Quality
The next ‘XXV European Symposium on the Quality of Poultry Meat’ will be conjointly held with the ‘XIX European Symposium on the Quality of Eggs and Egg Products’ from June 21 to 23, 2021 in Kraków, Poland. Please visit http://www.eggmeat2021.com/ to keep yourself updated. Special reduced registration fees will be available for WPSA members and students. We will look forward to seeing all of you there. Prominent invited speakers from American and European Institutions will address emerging issues on poultry meat and egg production. A new website will be developed and registration information will be provided in the near future.
The host for the upcoming 12th APPC was named during the General Meeting, and the China Branch will host that event.
The Asia Pacific Federation is organising a Poultry Nutrition Symposium on 25 & 26 March 2020 in Bangkok, Thailand. The programme is available on the WPSA website.
For more information please contact Dr Nasir Mukhtar, nmukhtar [AT] uaar [DOT] edu [DOT] pk.
WPSA Asian-Pacific Working Group News
There will be Ratite Research Sessions during the upcoming World Poultry Congress in Paris, France from 16-20 August 2020. Please send any suggestions for contributions and topics to anele [AT] elsenburg [DOT] com.
Researchers involved in research on any Ratites (ostriches, emus, rheas, cassowaries or kiwis) are asked to contact the Ratite Group. Please send an email to: anele [AT] elsenburg [DOT] com.
Anel Engelbrecht, Chair
The Mediterranean Poultry Network has planning underway for the 7th Mediterranean Poultry Summit that will be held at the University of Cordoba in Cordoba, Spain during Mach 25-27 2020. The website is: www.mpn-wpsa.org. Following are several tentative dates for you to plan for this conference.
|Conference Dates||March 25-27, 2020|
|Preliminary Notification of Abstract Acceptance||December 1, 2019|
|Early Bird Registration||December 21, 2019|
|Final Notification of Abstract Acceptance||December 21, 2019|
|Full Paper Submission Deadline||December 31, 2019|
|Registration Deadline||March 25, 2020|
Carlos Garcés Narro <cgarces [AT] uchceu [DOT] es>
From 2020 the World’s Poultry Science Journal will be published by Taylor & Francis. If you have requested an online subscription as part of your membership, you will receive an email from Taylor & Francis before the end of the year with instructions on how to access WPSJ online from the new website www.tandfonline.com/TWPS. Please ensure that you add '@tandfonline.com' to your safe senders list to ensure these types of emails are not sent to your spam folder or blocked by your service provider. Should you have any questions about your online access please contact support [AT] tandfonline [DOT] com”.
Articles in upcoming Journal(s)
- E.A. Awad - Prebiotics supplementation: An effective approach to mitigate the detrimental effects of heat stress in broiler chickens
- T.R. Kannaki - Marek's disease: Time to review the emerging threat in Indian poultry
- J.-J. Chen - Chromolaena odorata as a potential feed additive bioresource to alleviate heat strss in chickens in the humid tropics
- A. Salamon - The double-yolked egg: from the 'miracle of packaging' to nature's 'mistake'
- O. Olgun - Evaluation of dietary presence or use of cadmium in poultry
- M. Tixier-Boichard - From the jungle fowl to highly-performing chickens: are we reaching limits?
Prebiotics supplementation: An effective approach to mitigate the detrimental effects of heat stress in broiler chickens
E.A. AWAD, I. ZULKIFLI, S. RAMIAH, E.S. KHALIL and M.E. ABDALLH
As a consequence of global warming and food security issues, heat stress has become an emerging problem. Heat stress causes huge economic losses in the broiler industry that negatively affects the production performance of chickens. Therefore, a variety of strategies have been examined for mitigating the heat stress problem. Among these strategies, the use of prebiotics has received increasing interest due to the beneficial effects of prebiotics on the health and production of heat-stressed broilers. The evidence from existing studies suggests that prebiotics can mitigate the negative effects of heat stress on broiler chickens by benefiting the intestinal microbiota, gut morphology, oxidative status, physiological stress response and subsequently growth performance of broiler chickens. For instance, prebiotics given to heat-stressed broilers at a dose as low as 0.025% have been shown to improve the feed intake, body weight gain and feed efficiency by 7.5, 9.9 and 2.3%, respectively. This review summarises the recent findings on prebiotics as an effective approach to improve the well-being, health and growth performance of broilers under heat stress conditions.
Marek’s disease: Time to review the emerging threat in Indian Poultry
T.R. KANNAKI and V. GOWTHAMAN
Marek’s disease (MD) is one of the re-emerging diseases in Indian poultry. MD outbreaks are reported from different parts of the country in spite of vaccination, causing major economic losses. Flock mortality of 10-40% was observed in vaccinated flocks during outbreaks, although MD is well controlled with vaccination. Almost 100% of the commercial poultry flocks are vaccinated at hatchery level. Bivalent (HVT+SB1 or HVT+301B/1) or monovalent (HVT) vaccines are used in India. In spite of the intensive vaccination practice, outbreaks are being reported from different parts of the world including India. MD virus (MDV) Indian field isolates from different outbreaks during last decade are categorised into virulent (vMDV) and very virulent (vvMDV) pathotypes based on different serotype 1 specific gene sequencing and in vivo pathotyping. The emergence of virulence in MDV is attributed to compromised bio-security, concurrent immunosuppressive diseases and vaccination failure. MD outbreaks in vaccinated flocks of Indian poultry flocks cause annual loss of approximately 4 crore Indian rupees. Country-wide surveillance and reporting of MD outbreaks and further characterization of the Indian field isolate should be taken as a priority. Reviewing the current vaccination strategy, and examining the need for the introduction of more effective vaccines that give better protection against the more virulent strains should be considered with equal importance along with improved bio-security measures, management practices and more effective control of immunosuppressive diseases.
Chromolaena odorata as a potential feed additive bioresource to alleviate heat stress in chickens in the humid tropics
K.A. LARTEY, D.-J. KANG, Q.-H. ZHANG, C.-Q. SHI, F. YANG, H.-Y. LIN, R. GOONERATNE and J.-J. CHEN
Chromolaena odorata contains polyphenols and antioxidant enzymes that activate biology defence mechanisms and stress-sensing transcription factors to prevent oxidative damage and heat stress in chicken. Dietary inclusions of C. odorata leaf meal at 12%, and C. odorata crude flavonoids at 400 mg/kg/d exerted competitive exclusion to enhance gut eubiosis, humoral immunity, hypoglycaemia and metabolic functions, necessary to attenuate oxidative stress in chickens. Ethanol extract of the herbal plant at 25 – 400 µg/mL showed a strong antioxidant capacity in vitro, similar to 10- 80 µg/mL standard ascorbic acid. Chromomoric acid C- 1 from C. odorata methanol extract, at 10 µg also demonstrated anti-inflammatory potential by activating Nrf2 and suppressing NF-κB in a luciferase reporter assay at inhibition capacity (IC50) of 6.9 µM. These biological defence properties of the obnoxious weed have potential to maintain gut microbial homeostasis and gut integrity, enhance antioxidative physiologies for cellular oxidative balance, and mitigate oxidative damage required to alleviate heat stress. The invading nature of the plant in the humid tropics makes it a readily available and cheap bioresource. Hepatotoxic, mutagenic and cytotoxic evaluations suggest the aerial parts of the herbal plant is a safe bioresource for animal nutrition and sub-therapeutical uses.
The double-yolked egg: from the ‘miracle of packaging’ to nature’s ‘mistake’
A. SALAMON and J.P. KENT
Double-yolked (DY) eggs were mostly described in domestic precocial species, and are rarely found in nature. It is estimated that 1-3% of domestic hen and duck eggs are DY.
DY eggs occur when two yolks are encapsulated in a single shell and therefore differ from SY eggs in their external and internal characteristics. In previous decades DY eggs were distinguished from SY eggs only by their external characteristics, and this proved to be wrong, as over 40% of DY eggs have similar external characteristics in terms of size and shape to SY eggs. The internal characteristics of DY eggs constrain their fertility. Yolks in DY eggs tend to be smaller, probably ovulated early and are thus immature, having a significant negative impact on their reproductive potential with lower fertility levels. Further, the presence of a second yolk facilitates additional albumen secretion with the size of each yolk determining the additional amount secreted. This creates a primacy effect, i.e. the first yolk in the oviduct could be fertilized, but the second may not be. The unique yolk and embryo positioning is associated with low hatchability. These factors reduce the reproductive potential of DY egg yolks individually or cumulatively. Thus the above supports the view that DY eggs are nature’s ‘mistake’ and are viewed here as an extreme end of a normal distribution of variation and is unlikely to evolve further in avian species. However, there is still potential for further non-invasive research using DY eggs, especially in studies of factors affecting fertility.
Evaluation of dietary presence or use of cadmium in poultry
O.OLGUN, A.Ö. YILDIZ and A. ŞAHIN
Cadmium is a heavy metal and non-essential for animals. In practice, cadmium toxicity is quite rare in farm animals because the level of cadmium in commercial diets is very low. However, cadmium-contaminated feedstuffs in the diet may cause toxicity. The cadmium, which is absorbed from digestive system, accumulates in the body tissues, primarily kidney and liver, and causes metabolic and physiological inconveniences in the body. Hereby, economic losses occur due to the decrease in feed intake and egg production. It will cause mortality depending on the level and duration of exposure to cadmium. The toxic level of cadmium varies according to the bird species and their ages. Chickens are more sensitive to cadmium toxicity than quails. Lower dietary cadmium doses (<10 mg/kg) have positive effects on production performance and eggshell quality, but higher doses of cadmium (>10 mg/kg) cause economic losses due to worsening productive performance and eggshell quality in poultry. Dietary zinc, selenium, vitamins and plant extracts will help to eliminate the negative consequences of cadmium contamination in feedstuff. However, further studies are needed to determine the toxic level of cadmium, and the possible positive effects of cadmium on performance and product quality when used at lower doses in poultry.
From the jungle fowl to highly-performing chickens: are we reaching limits?
The cumulated effects of domestication and subsequent selection by humans have led to an impressive diversification of the chicken, at the phenotypic level as well as the genome level. In theory, selection may reach a plateau when all favourable alleles have reached fixation. Yet, current data in poultry show that selection response can still take place after 50 generations of selection or more. The mechanisms maintaining selection response in closed populations may involve recombination, mutation and epistatic interactions. Furthermore, the continuous addition of new selection criteria can delay the possible limit associated to single trait selection. Thus, selection response is mainly threatened by inbreeding which occurs as a consequence of a narrow genetic base and/or a poor management of genetic variability within the population. Biological limits are encountered when selection is degrading fitness traits to a point that the survival of individuals is affected. Biological limits induced by extreme performance can be by-passed by adapting the breeding program, introducing new selection criteria, changing the management or developing remedial technologies. Extreme situations affecting bird welfare raise ethical issues. Lameness in broilers or spontaneous bone breakage in layers are painful and one may question whether such pain is justified by the human need for protein consumption. Regulations or market requirements may be set up to limit the performance at a level which is compatible with animal welfare, resulting in a voluntary limit to selection. Furthermore, highly performing animals need a very well controlled environment with high quality diets, which may divert food resources from humans and may not be sustainable. Breeding objectives have to integrate environmental impact and robustness towards the use of alternative feed sources, in addition to production level, product quality, health and welfare status.
Conference on November 8th, 2019 - Successful conference in Upper Austria
On the 8th November 2019, the World Poultry Science Association (WPSA) Branch Austria held its second conference titled "Feeding, housing and management – challenges for the broiler industry regarding foot pad health” in Kremsmünster, Upper Austria. To the delight of the organisers, the event was fully booked.
More than 100 participants informed themselves in an interdisciplinary context about the multitude factors that lead to foot pad lesions and measures to prevent this problem.
The speakers highlighted the topic from various perspectives: aspects of health status, management, feeding and stable climate were discussed intensively by participants from the poultry industry, feed industry, research, veterinarians and practitioners.
Univ. Prof. Dr. Martin Gierus, Chairman of the WPSA Branch Austria, was pleased about the successful conference, which was attended by guests from Switzerland, Germany, The Netherlands and Austria: "The great response to our event shows the demand for a joint exchange within the entire poultry industry and confirmed the topic selection “foot pad health” as a current issue that finds exceptionally interest. We are pleased about the great concern, that reinforces our determination to continue with activities and to follow our goals as part of the WPSA.”
Prior to this event, the Austrian Branch also launched a new website http://www.wpsa-austria.at. With this new tool, online conference registration was possible and organization and communication with all members of the Austrian Branch will be improved.
On April 26, 2019, a Scientific-Practical Seminar on ‘Current Situation and Development Perspectives of Breeding Poultry’ was held at the Scientific-Research Institute of Animal Husbandry (SRIAH) with support of WPSA.
The seminar was attended by representatives of the Goygol District Executive Authorities, the Ministry of Agriculture, members of the WPSA Azerbaijan branch, experts from ASAU, the Agriculture and Plant Protection research Institute, the Zoology and Veterinary Research Institutes, poultry experts, and representatives of large poultry factories (Mususlu, Sabah, Marcan broilers, Milas Agro), and farmers.
Speakers at the seminar made extensive reports on the current state of the industry, human resources, the industry’s primary problems, potential solutions for those problems, and prospects for industry development. Questions from the participants were answered.
The seminar was devoted to the development of poultry farming in progressive ways in the republic. Although it was on the eve of nearly full provision for our country in terms of eggs and poultry production, during the seminar many issues were considered. This seminar also presented the current situation for the global poultry sector and its future trends, and discusses the challenges the poultry sector is facing.
It was noted that the lack of poultry farms in the country and the development of poultry eggs in the republic did not fully meet the poultry development programme in the republic. The creation of new Breeding Farms was also considered as the most important issue of the day in order to eliminate the lack of breeding eggs in the country.
Eggs imported from the foreign countries due to the scarcity of hatching eggs in our country, sometimes bring with them pathogens that cause diseases. Thus, the quality of hatching eggs in the republic is one of the most important issues. It was noted that there is a great need for the help of competent organizations to resolve these issues.
During the seminar, it was emphasized that the demand for poultry meat in Azerbaijan has recently been almost completely taken care of with local production. Poultry farmers, however, face some difficulties, and most importantly, lack of breeder farms in the country.
Breeder farms have been established within some poultry companies. Simply these laboratories need special laboratories to detect the genetic potential of highly productive bird crosses. State-supported test stations are needed.
At the trial testing stations, the physiological characteristics of the birds living in an area of the Republic, and their resistance to diseases, and the level of breeding in the country should be checked, and then must be provided to the poultry producers. One of the challenges facing entrepreneurs is fodder production.
It is true that factories producing feed for poultry have been built in the Balakan, Imishli and Ganja regions of the country. Accordingly, a breeder research farm should be established in the Scientific Research Institute of Animal Husbandry, and research work should be carried out in this direction, where selection and testing should be carried out. As a result, new bird crosses and lines, as well as breeds should be created, and they should be investigated to increase productivity. This work should be organized in Azerbaijan and our poultry scientists are ready for cooperation with scientists and other members of WPSA. The first problem of poultry sector in Azerbaijan is lack of breeder stock.
The most important areas for research is on those factors that decrease the cost of producing poultry, as well as on other factors that reduce other difficulties in this field, is that Azerbaijan does not have a breeding work.
It was noted that establishment of breeding farms is very costly, so it was necessary to establish breeder farms for producing hatching eggs and to support farmers with the production of healthy quality commercial chicks. It was also noted at the workshop that experience sharing should be widely used to strengthen human resources in the Breeding Farms.
The Azerbaijan branch of the World’s Poultry Science Association believes that cooperation, worldwide experience and support in breeding poultry will have positive influences on development of this field in our country.
November 18, 2019, Scientific-Practical Seminar ‘Innovative Approach in Poultry’ held at SRIAH with the support of WPSA.
On November 18, 2019 a scientific-practical seminar on ‘Innovative Approaches in Poultry’ was held at the Azerbaijan Scientific-Research Institute of Animal Husbandry of the Agrarian Science and Innovation Center through the support of the World Poultry Science Association. The seminar was attended by representatives of small and large poultry farms operating in different regions of the country, livestock farmers, ASAU students, research institutions and members of the Azerbaijan Branch of WPSA.
The Director of the Scientific Research Institute of Animal Husbandry, Mahir Hajiyev, and also President of Azerbaijan’s WPSA Branch, opened the seminar referring to on-going reforms in the agricultural sector. He said that the implementation of intensive methods of meeting the population's demand for meat and meat products is of particular importance. In particular, the development of indoor and semi-enclosed poultry production as a new field for livestock production is based on modern world experience. At present, the number of birds in all economic categories in the country has exceeded 30,473,000, and the production of eggs exceeded 1 billion 676 million. Azerbaijan’s self-sufficiency for poultry production has increased significantly. . One of the important directions of scientific progress is the further development of poultry. Head of the Media Department at Agrarian Science and Innovation Center, Nicat Nasirli, spoke about the application of technological innovations in poultry, proper nutrition and marketing strategies.
Mete Turkoglu, an employee of the Igdir University of the Republic of Turkey, and Sevil Abbasguliyeva, Head of Laboratory at the Institute of Agriculture and Research, gave a presentation on innovative approaches in poultry farming. ASAU Professor and WPSA Azerbaijan Branch member, Arif Tagiyev gave the workshop participants some information about the economic importance of quail farms as a new direction for poultry farming. Rustam Gasimov, a veterinarian with Marjan Broiler LLC, stressed the importance of combating poultry diseases in captive birds. Giyas Hajiyev, Director of Mususlu Poultry LLC, stressed the importance of training qualified national personnel. As part of the workshop, the newly commissioned feed and milk analysis laboratories were reviewed at the Scientific Research Institute of Animal Husbandry, and the participants were told how this modern machinery operated.
At the end of the workshop, members of WPSA’s Azerbaijan Branch expressed their intention to promote WPSA within Azerbaijan, and to organize future high level international events about Poultry Science in our country. Members of the branch also declared Giyas Hajiyev, as a new member of Azerbaijan Branch of WPSA.
Mahir Hajiyev, Director of the Scientific Research Institute of Animal Husbandry, and President of Azerbaijan branch WPSA,
Azerbaijan State Agrarian University, Veterinary Medicine and Zoo Engineering Faculty
e-mail: mahirhaciyev [AT] mail [DOT] ru
FACTA held the 36th FACTA Conference, from 14-16 May 2019, at Expo D. Pedro, in Campinas (SP). This year around 350 people attended the conference, among them key opinion leaders, Professors, management level, veterinarians, students of post-graduations programmes and technicians, with relevant discussion about the present and future of the Brazilian poultry industry.
In Dourados, Mato Grosso do Sul, on 24-25 September 2019, the Ambience and Welfare in Poultry and Pig Industry Course was held, with 160 attendants. The event aimed to bring together and discuss the most updated information on animal welfare and ambience.
FACTA moved their administrative headquarters to Barão de Paranapanema Street, 146, Bosque, room 72, block A - Ed. Campinas Commercial Center. Phone: 55 19 3255-8500.
From 25-27 November 2019, FACTA will promote in Recife, Pernambuco, the event: International on incubation of eggs and Broiler.
The next FACTA Conference, 37th edition will be held from 12-14 May 2020, at Expo D. Pedro, in Campinas (SP). This year's theme will be ‘One Health’, in partnership with FENAGRA.
World's Poultry Congress 2020
WPC2020 (August, 16-20, 2020) will take place in PARIS, and will have the objective of ‘Integrating knowledge for sustainable and diversified poultry productions’. A detailed scientific programme has been developed by the international Scientific Committee. On days 1 and 4, plenary lectures will address global challenges. On days 2 and 3, parallel sessions will feature at least four multidisciplinary ‘object oriented’ sessions in the morning and up to seven specialized sessions in the afternoon. Several early sponsors are already supporting the event and further applications are welcome.
Abstract submission and early bird registration to WPC2020 opened on September 1st and will end on December 31st, 2019. See the WPC2020 website( https://www.wpcparis2020.com/ ) for detailed information.
The board of the French Branch of the WPSA, based on the success of the WPSA European Symposium on Poultry Genetics (ESPG) in 2017 decided to offer a grant of 1.500 € to the Czech Branch for the ESPG congress in Prague that was held in 2019. The board is pleased to receive the following feed-back from Pawel Trefil that the 2019 congress was a great success. Here are his words:
“Dear Dr Michele Tixier Boichard and all members of French branch of WPSA, I would like to express my gratitude to you. Our Czech branch was able to organize the ESPG 2019 in Prague with your great financial support. I am sure that you and all of your members understand, that without your help it would not have been possible to execute it. According to my feeling, the symposium was successful and I would like to express to your branch our big gratitude for your support! Thank you! The symposium in Prague was financially balanced and we are happy not to end up in red numbers!”
Those of us on the board of the French Branch of WPSA think that it is our duty to support, if possible, the other branches to continue to fulfil our own mission of disseminating the scientific progress for the poultry industry. We are really pleased to see that collaboration and brotherhood between branches can be a reality.
Christophe Bostvironnois, President, WPSA France
frcbos [AT] chr-hansen [DOT] com
The Spring Conference of the German Branch will take place on March 10 -11, 2020, jointly at the Leibniz Institute for Farm Animal Biology, Dummerstorf, and at the University of Rostock. Abstracts for poster contributions are welcome. Based on their topic and scientific achievements, up to three of the abstracts submitted will be invited for oral presentation and publication. German members will soon receive official invitations to this meeting. Foreign members who might be interested in attending are welcome to contact the branch secretary, Inga Tiemann (inga [DOT] tiemann [AT] uni-bonn [DOT] de).
The German Branch of the WPSA took an excursion to Brittany during September 2019. Every two years, the Branch organizes such an excursion, mostly in conjunction with the occasion of international conferences that are being held. This year’s group visited the SPACE in Rennes, France. Visits were made to two organic farms, Lable Rouge and Loué chickens, which gave a broad and special insight into French poultry farming. Our thanks to the German and French organisers!
Inga Tiemann, Secretary, German Branch
The 54th Annual Poultry Science Conference of the Israeli Branch was held at the Dan Panorama Hotel in Tel Aviv on November 18-19, 2019. The conference was attended by 550 participants: scientists and students from academia and research institutes, poultry producers, veterinarians, extension specialists and professionals from commercial companies serving the poultry industry in Israel.
During the 2-day conference, 50 lectures were presented in 10 sessions covering the leading poultry science disciplines: Nutrition; Management; Environment protection; Health; Immunology; Genetics, Reproduction, Incubation and Fertility; Layers production; and Broiler production and breast meat quality. The detailed programme (in English) is available here.
The closing session ended with a lively round table discussion, focusing on the challenge of balancing the demand for broiler meat and products, with the over-production capacity of broilers in Israel.
The conference was honoured to host an overseas guest speaker, Dr M. Tixier-Boichard from France, who shared her extensive knowledge and vast experience in the field of poultry genetics and breeding.
An award of appreciation was given to Elisha Tishbi for his contributions to the field of Turkey Production and for his activities over the years in the WPSA-Israeli Branch. For the past four years, he has served as the chairperson of the Branch's audit committee.
Twenty five Israeli companies exhibited unique products for the poultry industry: including pharmaceuticals, feed additives, housing equipment, climate control, etc. The evening social activities included a lecture on current Israeli issues by a popular journalist. In addition, three students were awarded prizes for their research presentations. Twenty five council members were approved by the general assembly for the next 4 years. The new council will soon appoint new Officers and the Executive Board for the Israel branch.
Yitzhak Malka, Secretary, WPSA Israel Branch
The Italian Branch will host the 23rd edition of European Symposium on Poultry Nutrition (ESPN) which will be held at the Palacongressi of Rimini (Italy) from September 20th to 23rd 2021. The city of Rimini, is an ideal place for the European Symposium on Poultry Nutrition and the modern as well as eco-friendly Venue is the perfect stage for the event. Many attendees including both poultry research scientists and practitioners, leading speakers from across the world joining together to explore the past, share the present and helping to forge the future of poultry meat science. More details are already available at the Symposia website: https://www.espn2021.eu/.
This event will be launched on next year by organizing the 56th Annual Congress of the Italian Branch of WPSA in the same location (April 24th, 2020).
Massimiliano Petracci, Secretary, Italian Branch of WPSA
<info [AT] wpsa [DOT] it>
The Autumn Meeting of JPSA, 2019 was held at the Iwate University in Morioka, Iwate, during 16–17 September. There were more than 120 attendees. The scientific meeting was consisted of 37 original research presentations and a mini-international symposium. A general meeting and a council meeting were also held. The council meeting was held as the joint committee meeting on September 16. The scientific talks and the general meeting were organized on September 17.
In the Autumn Meeting, the excellent presentation awards were given under the category of ‘student member’ or ‘regular member aged 30 or below’ for the following presentations: 1) “Development of anti-rabies virus nucleocapsid protein IgY by plasmid immunization” by Nanase Kubo (Kyoto Women’s University); 2) “Changes in glucose metabolism function of yolk sac membrane during development of chick embryo” by Mitsuhiro Shibata (UGSAS, Gifu University); and 3) “Changes in amino acid concentrations in broiler chickens under chronic heat-stressed condition” by Daiki Igarashi (Graduate School of Agricultural Science, Tohoku University). JPSA congratulates the presenters who achieved the excellent presentation awards in the Autumn Meeting 2019.
The mini-international symposium was held on September 17, after the original scientific presentations. It was entitled “Future prospective and issues in Japanese poultry science research – Recent update in research on the development engineering”. Dr Shusei Mizushima, Hokkaido University, made the opening remarks. Then, Dr Hong-Jian Wei from College of Veterinary Medicine, Yunnan Agricultural University, and Dr Yuki Sato from Graduate School of Medical Science, Kyushu University, offered their lectures. The titles of lectures were “Current status of local livestock and poultry genetics conservation in China” and “Chicken and quail embryos are attractive model system for experimental developmental biology”, respectively. After the lectures, a free discussion was held.
In this Meeting, the JPSA ‘Incentive Award’ was presented to Dr Daichi Miyahara, Shinshu University. His research topic was “Research about the culture methods for Chicken PGCs”. Moreover, the ‘Excellent Paper Award’ on the published papers in the Journal of Poultry Science in 2018 was presented in this meeting. Bapon Dey, Fuminori Kawabata, Yuko Kawabata, Shotaro Nishimura, and Shoji Tabata, entitled “Bitter taste sensitivity and the expression of bitter taste receptors at different growth stages of chicks”, 55 (3): 204–209, and Chuen-Yu Cheng，Wei-Lin Tu, Chao-Jung Chen, Hong-Lin Chan, Chic-Feng Chen, Hsin-Hsin Chen, Pin-Chi Tang, Yen-Pai Lee, Shuen-Ei Chen, and San-Yuan Huang, entitled “Proteomic' analysis of thermal regulation of small yellow follicles in broiler-type Taiwan country chickens”, 55 (2): 120-136 were given the awards.
The 2020 Spring Meeting of JPSA will be held at Kyoto University in Kyoto, during 27–28 March. The meeting will contain an open symposium, council and general meetings. The theme of the symposium will be “The needs of Ph.D. status in the industries”. It will be a joint symposium with Japan Animal Science Association. The detail information will be provided at JPSA website (http://jpn-psa.jp/oshirase/?lang=en).
The Journal of Poultry Science (JPS, the official journal of JPSA, Impact Factor: 0.670) always welcomes the submission of reviews and original papers. Free access to download the full-published articles in JPS is available on J-Stage (https://www.jstage.jst.go.jp/browse/jpsa), which provides an excellent opportunity for all to access the published articles.
JPSA would like to contribute to the poultry science in Japan and over the world by enhancing the international activities with the members from different countries. Thus, JPSA has a membership category for foreign citizens residing abroad as “Special International Member”. The page charges to publish their papers in the JPS will be set at a membership price. JPSA invariably welcome new members from all over the world. Please visit JPSA website (http://jpn-psa.jp/?lang=en) for further information.
Naoki Goto, Secretary of WPSA Japan Branch
The Lebanon Branch of WPSA held its annual meeting on October 5, 2019, at the Lancaster Hotel in Hazmieh, a suburb of Beirut, Lebanon. The meeting was attended by nearly all members as well as guests, totalling over 65 people. It was chaired by the President of the Branch, Dr Nuhad J. Daghir who welcomed the group and spoke about the upcoming conferences in Cordoba, Spain, in March 2020, and the WPC 2020, in Paris, France. He then introduced the secretary of the Branch, Dr Nada Usayran, who presented the branch’s report and the treasurer Mr. Samir Cortbawi, who presented the financial report. Both reports were unanimously approved by the members. The business meeting was then followed by the scientific program as shown below:
- From Farm to Fork: Assessment of Microbiological Acceptability of Skinless Chicken Breasts and antimicrobial resistance of Escherichia Coli associated with Lebanese poultry – Presented by Dr Issmat Kassem, American University of Beirut.
- Comparison between imported and locally produced SBM and its possible replacement with Safflower meal – Presented by Dr Mohamad Farran, American university of Beirut
- Industry Presentations:
- Mr. Elie Srour from SHD, sal: Solvent extracted Soybean meal.
- Mr. Mohamad Sinno from ZM Vegetable Oil industries, sal: High oil SBM
Presentations were followed by a discussion which lasted for one hour on all the topics presented and then all those attending were invited to lunch at the Hotel which was sponsored by SHD, one of the participating companies.
Dr Nadad Usayran, Branch Secretary
The South African branch held its annual Scientific Day on 30 October 2019. The theme was ‘Enhancing Poultry Production,’ and the programme was started by Izaak Breitenbach, the general manager of the Broiler Organisation of the South African Poultry Association. He discussed the latest figures on imports and local production, and he presented his calculations on the necessary tariffs to keep the local Industry afloat. Those tariffs have been incorporated into the Poultry Master Plan.
We were fortunate to have a number of international speakers. Prof Richard Ducatelle from the University of Ghent, and Dr Wolfgang Siegert from the University of Hohenheim, each gave two presentations. Prof Ducatelle discussed the area of gut microbiota, and Dr Siegert talked about the role of glycine and serine as well as phytate degradation and phytase efficiency. Edward Diehl, from Cobb in the Netherlands, made another presentation on the latest developments in broiler nutrition. The day was also made richer by a local speaker, Rick Kleyn, and we enjoyed feedback and presentations from 4 local University students who presented results of their own research projects.
The branch also organized a successful Youth Programme, where the top students from local Universities had a 3 day tour of Poultry Facilities, their last day being spent attending the Scientific day (see pic). Attendance for the Scientific day was at a record high of 375 people.
We sincerely thank all of our sponsors for this successful Scientific Day event.
Nicola Tyler, Secretary, South African branch
The Annual General Meeting of the Sri Lanka Branch was held on 27th September 2019, and the new committee took up office with Dr Vipula Dharmawardene as President. On the same day, the Annual Scientific Sessions & Industrial Evening were held at the Upper Crystal Ball Room, Hotel Taj Samudra, in Colombo.
Dr Ruwani Kalupahana served as the Chairperson for the Scientific Sessions.
Seven papers were presented as follows:
- Antibiotic resistance patterns of Escherichia coli isolated from chicken meat.
- Detection of ESBL producing E. coli from local chicken and related products ;preliminary results of an ongoing study.
- Efficacy of locally developed SPA antigen and In-House ELISA comparing kits for screening of Mycoplasma gallisepticum in poultry.
- Effect of Bitter Gourd seeds on Egg yolk colour in the Hyline strain of White Leghorn laying hens.
- Effects of Dietary Active Dried Yeast and a phytogenic growth promoter on production performance, nutrient digestibility, visceral organ weights and serum lipid profile of broiler chicken.
- Quality attributes of jerky prepared with different forms of chicken meat.
- The Impact of Biochar on Phosphorus losses from three types of broiler litter material.
The Chief Guest for this occasion was Dr Roel Mulder, the Secretary General of WPSA.
Dr Mrs Renuka Jayatissa, Head of the Nutrition Department, Medical Research Institute, Consultant Medical Nutritionist, and President Sri Lanka Medical Nutrition association gave the Keynote Address on the theme: ‘Farm to Table – Quality Assurance of poultry products’.
The highlight of the Evening was the awarding of an Honorary Life membership in the World’s Poultry Science Association’s Sri Lanka branch to Dr Chin How Cheong, who is the Founder of the branch.
Dr Mrs A L Godwin, Secretary, Sri Lanka Branch
The 33rd Poultry Science Symposium: ‘Pre and probiotics, nutrition, veterinary and production perspectives.’ will be held at Clare College, University of Cambridge, UK on 10 -12 August 2020.
The UK branch invites you to an interesting and current programme of world leading experts, that will discuss the nutritional, veterinary and production perspectives for the use of pre- and probiotics in poultry production. The scientific committee has arranged an exciting programme. The symposiums intention is to provide a thorough look at the antibiotic free sector from various perspectives, followed by good discussions about what we can do as professionals to maintain good gut and overall bird health. Topics will include an overview of AGPs, how they work and the challenges that occur in their absence, thorough definitions of additives in the pre and probiotic space and examples of how those probiotics work. How to test them, and how they interact with other additives will also be discussed, learning from our own and allied sectors. Poster submissions on related topics will be invited, with the submission portal opening on 1st January 2020. Further information, speakers and session information can be found at https://www.wpsa2020.org/. We look forward to seeing you there!
New Opportunity: The GD Rosen Academic Career Advancement Award
The UK branch is pleased to announce a new Academic Career Advancement Award in memory of Professor Gordon D Rosen. Gordon contributed a highly logical and very descriptive approach to animal nutrition from the 1960s through to just a few years before his death in 2015. A full obituary for him is available in volume 71 of World’s Poultry Science Journal. He was an inspirational person whose curiosity and gently framed yet penetrating questions made him a legend. There is a generation of scientists influenced by his presence – always in the front row – of scientific meetings, and now his wife Vanda would like to encourage other scientists to develop their own inquisitiveness through this new award.
The GD Rosen Academic Career Advancement Award provides £2000 each year to fund an academic adventure. With this aim, the award is open in nature, while particularly encouraging people to become multidisciplinary in their approach to research. The award is open to UK branch members who are within their early career spanning from 2 years to 5 years post PhD viva. Examples of proposals might include a request to attend an academic conference (particularly one outside your core field), support for an educational tour of another country or global region, support to visit another institution to learn a new technique or approach, or support to publish a major research output in a journal requiring publication fees.
Proposal forms and conditions of the GD Rosen Award can be found on the WPSA-UK website.
DEADLINE FOR APPLICATIONS: 30th January 2020
Dr Emily Burton
Associate Professor in Sustainable Food Production
School of Animal, Rural and Environmental Sciences
Nottingham Trent University, Brackenhurst Campus
Nottingham NG25 0QF, United Kingdom
Office phone: +44 (0)115 848 5346
Mobile phone: +44 (0)773 9988022
The USA Branch has again conducted the Cliff Carpenter Student Essay Contest for providing financial support for 3 winning students to attend the 2020 World’s Poultry Congress in Paris, France. The Branch will also be providing Travel Grants for USA Branch members to attend WPC2020 who will be making oral or poster presentations.Dr Bob Buresh, Secretary, USA Branch